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酸雨造成树木及森林生态系统的危害机理(PDF)

《南京林业大学学报(自然科学版)》[ISSN:1000-2006/CN:32-1161/S]

Issue:
1992年04期
Page:
74-79
Column:
研究论文
publishdate:
1900-01-01

Article Info:/Info

Title:
PROGRESS OF RESEARCH IN INJURED MECHANISM OF ACID RAIN TO TREES AND FOREST BCOSYSTEMS
Article ID:
1000-2006(1992)04-0074-06
Author(s):
Peng Fangren Zhang Zengyao
Library
Keywords:
Acid rain Forest ecosystem Tree resistance Decay of forest stand
Classification number :
-
DOI:
10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.1992.04.015
Document Code:
A
Abstract:
This paper briefly discusses the injured symptom of trees by acid rain and detailed reviews of the injured mechanism of acid rain to trees and ecosystems. The main reasons of acid raind amage to trees are as follows: Firstly ,H + from acid rain stimulates cell membrane which changes cell penetrability and results in the destruction of cell atructures. Secondly, it is the destruction of cell strutures that changes the existing state of enzynes, reduces the activate of enzymes, loads to the imbalance of metabolisn. Finally, cell disintegrates and tree dies. (The effects of acid rain on forest ecosystems include: Acid rain leach forest canopy and soil which lose nutrient elements in forest ecosystems; Soil acidify caused by acid rain reduces usable mutrients in soil which make AI and other metal toxic to tree, affects the activate of soil mierobiota, restrains the decomposition of litter and soil. )In the meantime, it is the tree growth decline caused by acid rain that has forest ecosystems invaded easily by dueases and insects. The author proposed that it is the essential countermeasures for preventing the effects of acid rain, on forest to reduce and eliminate pollution source, to develop integrated research and to take silvicultural mearsures etc.

References

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Last Update: 1900-01-01