我们的网站为什么显示成这样?

可能因为您的浏览器不支持样式,您可以更新您的浏览器到最新版本,以获取对此功能的支持,访问下面的网站,获取关于浏览器的信息:

|Table of Contents|

外源GA3对毛竹实生苗新分蘖竹株秆形与 竹材纤维质量的影响(PDF)

《南京林业大学学报(自然科学版)》[ISSN:1000-2006/CN:32-1161/S]

Issue:
2016年02期
Page:
121-126
Column:
研究论文
publishdate:
2016-03-30

Article Info:/Info

Title:
Effects of exogenous GA3 on culm form and culm fiber quality of Phyllostachys edulis seedlings neonatal tiller
Article ID:
1000-2006(2016)02-0121-06
Author(s):
JIANG Xue12LOU Chong2YUAN Na3YUE Jinjun1GU Xiaoping1*
1. Research Institute of Subtropical Forestry, Chinese Academy of Forestry, Fuyang 311400, China;
2. College of Biology and the Environment, Nanjing Forestry University, Nanjing 210037, China;
3. Yuhang Forestry and Water Conservancy Bureau of
Keywords:
moso bamboo seedling GA3 culm form culm fiber quality
Classification number :
S718
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.2016.02.020
Document Code:
A
Abstract:
In order to study the growth mechanism of bamboo culm, and explore the methods of regulating bamboo fiber quality, different mass concentration(0, 20, 40, 60 mg/L)of gibberellin(GA3)were sprayed on moso bamboo seedlings, and the neonatal tiller number, culm form and fiber quality were measured after treatments. Results showed that the culm height, internode length and leaf number of neonatal tillers increased significantly, the culm height of neonatal tiller under 20, 40 and 60 mg/L GA3 treatments were 0.56, 1.19 and 1.21 times higher respectively than that under the control(0 mg/L). The mean internode length increased 0.49, 1.05 and 1.10 times, and the number of leaves increased 35.61%, 48.35% and 38.68%, respectively. Nevertheless, no significant difference was presented among treatments on the neonatal tiller number, node number and the ground diameter. With the changes of culm form, the fiber quality of neonatal tiller also varied. The length of fiber cell under the 20, 40 and 60 mg/L GA3 treatments all had been increased significantly, 13.17%,20.68% and 31.46% longer than that under the control, respectively. However, the effects of each treatment on fiber cell width were not obvious, resulting in increasing of the fiber aspect ratio which is conducive to the fiber quality improvement. Besides, the effects of GA3 treatment on fiber cell wall thickness, lumen diameter and fiber tissue proportion were not obvious. Research showed that the use of GA3 could significantly improve the fiber quality of moso bamboo seedlings neonatal tiller, but couldn't significantly improve fiber production.

References

[1] 潘瑞炽,王小菁,李娘辉. 植物生理学 [M]. 6版. 北京: 高等教育出版社,2008:179.
[2] Atal C K. Effect of gibberellin on the fibers of hemp[J]. Economic Botany, 1961, 15(2): 133-139.
[3] 程超华,王学德,姚艳玲. IAA 和 GA3 对棉花短纤维突变体纤维长度的离体诱导作用[J]. 作物学报, 2005,31(2): 229-233. Cheng C H, Wang X D, Yao Y L.Inducement of fiber cell elongation from ovule of lintless mutant(ligon Cotton, Gossypium hirsutum L.)in vitro with IAA and GA3[J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2005, 31(2): 229-233.
[4] 杜雄明,潘家驹. 影响棉纤维分化和发育的因素[J]. 生命科学, 2000,12(4): 177-180. Du X M, Pan J J. Factors influencing cotton fiber initiation and development [J]. Chinese Bulletin of Life Sciences, 2000, 12(4): 177-180.
[5] 王学东,李明,崔琳. 赤霉素对亚麻纤维发育及产量的影响[J]. 中国麻业, 2002,24(3): 13-14. Wang X D, Li M, Cui L. Effect of gibberellin on fiber yield of flax[J]. Plant Fiber and Products, 2002,24(3): 13-14.
[6] 胡尚连,贾举庆,曹颖,等. GA3和IAA对慈竹综纤维和叶绿素含量动态积累的调控效应[J]. 植物研究, 2008,28(6): 737-740. Hu S L, Jia J Q, Cao Y, et al. Effect of GA3 and IAA on the dynamic accumulation of holocellulose and chlorophyl content in Neosinocalamus affinis[J]. Bullet of Botanical Research, 2008,28(6): 737-740.
[7] 叶宝兴,毕建杰,孙印石. 植物细胞与组织研究方法[M]. 北京: 化学工业出版社,2011:81.
[8] 李和平. 植物显微技术[M]. 北京: 人民教育出版社,2009:9-43.
[9] 王嘉宇,徐正进. 外源赤霉素对不同穗型水稻穗部性状的影响[J]. 沈阳农业大学学报, 2005, 36(1): 18-20. Wang J Y, Xu Z J. Effect of exogenous GA3 on panicle character of different rice type[J]. Journal of Shenyang Agricultural University, 2005, 36(1): 18-20.
[10] 吴建明,李杨瑞,王爱勤,等. 赤霉素处理对甘蔗节间伸长及产质量的影响[J]. 中国糖料, 2010(4): 24-26. Wu J M, Li Y R, Wang A Q, et al. Effect of gibberellin treatment on stem length, yield and quality of sugarcane[J]. Sugar Crops of China, 2010(4): 24-26.
[11] 王熹. 水稻分蘖化学调节[J]. 中国稻米, 1995(2): 35-36. Wang X.The chemical regulation of rice tiller[J]. China Rice,1995(2): 35-36.
[12] 谭显平,吕达,李红梅,等. 不同生长调节剂对果蔗产量和品质的影响[J]. 甘蔗糖业, 2001,4(6): 6-10. Tan X P, Lyu D, Li H M, et al. The effect of different growth regulators to the quality and yield of garden-cane[J]. Sugarcane and Canesugar, 2001,4(6): 6-10.
[13] 付兴. 亚麻纤维发育规律及 PGRs 调控机理与效果研究[D]. 哈尔滨: 东北农业大学,2004:50. Fu X. Study on the development of flax fiber and effect of PGRs on the yield and quality of flax[D]. Harbin:Northeast Agricultural University, 2004:50.
[14] Eriksson M E, Israelsson M, Olsson O, et al. Increased gibberellin biosynthesis in transgenic trees promotes growth, biomass production and xylem fiber length[J]. Nature Biotechnology, 2000,18(7): 784-788.
[15] 劳承英. 喷施赤霉素和氯吡苯脲对苎麻纤维产量和品质的影响[D]. 武汉: 华中农业大学,2013:23. Lao C Y. Effects of GA3 and CPPU applications on fiber quality and yield of Ramie[D]. Wuhan: Huazhong Agricultural University, 2013:23.
[16] 苏文会,顾小平,马灵飞,等. 大木竹纤维形态与组织比量的研究[J]. 林业科学研究, 2005,18(3): 250-254. Su W H, Gu X P, Ma L F, et al. Study on fiber forms and tissue measurements of Bambusa wenchouensis wood[J]. Forest Research, 2005,18(3): 250-254.
[17] 陈富枢. 丛生竹纤维形态分析与造纸用竹选择[J]. 广东林业科技, 1986(2): 1-9. Chen F S.Fiber morphology analysis on sympodial bamboos and papermaking bamboo selection[J]. Guangdong Forestry Science and Technology, 1986(2): 1-9.
[18] 马灵飞,朱丽青. 浙江省6种丛生竹纤维形态及其组织比量的研究[J]. 浙江林学院学报, 1990,7(1): 63-68. Ma L F, Zhu L Q. Fiber forms and tissue percentage of six species of sympodial bamboos in Zhejiang Province[J]. Journal of Zhejiang Forestry University, 1990, 7(1): 63-68.
[19] 官凤英,范少辉,刘碧桃,等. 矮壮素不同浓度及施用方法对绿竹的矮化效应[J]. 贵州农业科学, 2010,38(8): 30-32. Guan F Y, Fan S H, Liu B T, et al. Dwarfing effect of different chlorcholine chloride concentrations and application methods onBambusa oldhami[J]. Guizhou Agricultural Sciences, 2010, 38(8): 30-32.
[20] 崔凯,何彩云,张建国,等. 毛竹茎秆组织速生的时空发育特征[J]. 林业科学研究, 2012,25(4): 425-431. Cui K, He C Y, Zhang J G, et al. Characteristics of temporal and spatial tissue development during the rapidly growing stag of moso bamboo culms[J]. Forest Research, 2012, 25(4): 425-431.
[21] 李浩亮,史金钟,何登峰,等. 外源赤霉素对烤烟叶片生长和品质的影响[J]. 河南农业科学, 2006(4): 51-54. Li H L, Shi J Z, He D F, et al.Effects of exogenous gibberellin on growth and quality of flue-cured tobacco leaves[J]. Henan Agricultural Sciences, 2006(4): 51-54.

Last Update: 2016-04-01