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竹炭导电机理的研究(PDF)

《南京林业大学学报(自然科学版)》[ISSN:1000-2006/CN:32-1161/S]

Issue:
2002年04期
Page:
47-50
Column:
研究论文
publishdate:
1900-01-01

Article Info:/Info

Title:
A Study on Mechanism of Electric Conduction of Bamboo Charcoal
Article ID:
1000-2006(2002)04-0047-04
Author(s):
ZHANG Wen biao 12 HUA Yu kun 1 YE Liang ming 2
1.Nanjing Forestry University,Nanjing 210037,China;2.College of Zhejiang Forestry,Lin’an 311300,China
Keywords:
Bamboo charcoalCarbonizationElectric conductivity
Classification number :
S764
DOI:
10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2002.04.012
Document Code:
A
Abstract:
With the bamboo pyrolysis as an object of study,by boxlike electric resistance furnace(types SX2 5 12),the sold product bamboo charcoal was made in the lab according to various final carbonization temperatures.The electric resistance of bamboo charcoal with the of 50 mm×10 mm by QT23A electric resistance bridge instrument with direct current.The relationship between the electric resistivity of bamboo charcoal and the final carbonization temperature is analyzed.By scanning electron microscopy(SEM),X ray diffratogram and infrared absorption spectrum with modern analytical instruments,the mechanism of bamboo charcoal electric conduction is revealed.It showed:①Electric conduction of bamboo charcoal was significantly affected by final carbonization temperature.Namely,the electric resistivity decreased as the carbonization temperature increased.But the electric resistivity drastically decreased at the temperature from 600 ℃ to 800 ℃.②Microstructure of bamboo charcoal in SEM observation was quite different.The vascular bundle had different contract.The original fibrillar arrangement of the bamboo structure was changed.③Under the carbonization temperature 900 ℃,no graphitization was found in the range of this temperature.The electric conduction of bamboo charcoal was mainly caused by ion.It includes bamboo polymeric ion and the other matter of bamboo inorganic composition.The electric conduction increased as the double bonds of carbon and benzene rings appeared at 800 ℃.When the carbonization temperature is high(above 1 100 ℃),the electric conduction is mainly relevant to the inside structure of bamboo charcoal.With the rise of carbonization temperature,it further causes physics changes.It may become a similar material structure to the graphite.

References

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Last Update: 1900-01-01