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木质素阳离子表面活性剂的合成及性能研究(PDF)

《南京林业大学学报(自然科学版)》[ISSN:1000-2006/CN:32-1161/S]

Issue:
2006年06期
Page:
47-50
Column:
研究论文
publishdate:
2006-06-20

Article Info:/Info

Title:
Syntheses and Properties of Cationic Lignin Surfactant
Article ID:
1000-2006(2006)06-0047-04
Author(s):
YANG Yi-qin LI Zhong-zheng
College of Chemical Engineering Nanjing Forestry University, Nanjing 210037, China
Keywords:
Alkali lignin Quaternary ammonium salt Cationic lignin surfactant
Classification number :
TQ351
DOI:
10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2006.06.011
Document Code:
A
Abstract:
Cationic lignin surfactant was synthesized by reacting alkali lignin with quaternary ammonium salt 3-chloro-2-hydroxypropyl-trimethyl ammonium chloride (CHPTMAC). The effects of CHPTMAC dosage, NaOH dosage, reaction temperature and reaction time on the surface activity, nitrogen content and solubility of cationic lignin surfactants were studied. The results showed that the suitable synthesis conditions of cationic lignin surfactant were as follows: the dosage of quaternary ammonium salt (CHPTMAC) was 4mol/kg, the molar ratio of NaOH to quaternary ammonium salt agent was 1.3, reaction temperature was 50℃, and reaction time was 4h. Synthesized cationic lignin surfactant had good solubility under different pH value, nitrogen content and surface tension of the surfactant were 2.53% and 42.9mN/m, respectively.

References

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Last Update: 2013-05-20