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硝酸改性竹炭理化性质变化的研究(PDF)

《南京林业大学学报(自然科学版)》[ISSN:1000-2006/CN:32-1161/S]

Issue:
2012年02期
Page:
15-21
Column:
研究论文
publishdate:
2012-04-10

Article Info:/Info

Title:
Study on the characteristics of bamboo charcoal modified with nitric acid
Author(s):
WU Guangqian1SUN Xinyuan2ZHONG Liyun1ZHANG Qisheng1*
1.College of Wood Science and Technology, Nanjing Forestry University, Nanjing 210037, China; 2.Nanjing CEC Environmental Protection Co., Ltd.,Nanjing 211102, China
Keywords:
bamboo charcoal nitric acid modification characteristic
Classification number :
TQ424
DOI:
10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2012.02.004
Document Code:
A
Abstract:
Nitric acid with different concentrations(17%, 34%, and 68% respectively)was employed to modify the bamboo charcoal, and the iodine value, ash and water content of raw and modified bamboo charcoal samples were measured. Test results showed that the iodine value and ash content of three kinds of modified bamboo charcoal decreased slightly, while the water content of three kinds of modified bamboo charcoal samples increased sharply, the bamboo charcoal sample modified with 68% nitric acid has the most remarkable change of these above values. The Boehm titration,FTIR,BET,SEM-EDS and TG-DSC were used to characterize raw and modified bamboo charcoal samples. The results showed that the amount of different kinds of oxygen-containing groups increased on the surface of modified bamboo charcoal samples, while the carbon content decreased evidently,the surface of modified bamboo charcoal became more tough than the raw bamboo charcoal, and the slope of weight loss curves of modified bamboo charcoal were more successive and steeper than that of the raw bamboo charcoal,which showed that a great number of H2O molecules and surface functional groups were formed on the surface of modified bamboo charcoal.

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Last Update: 2012-04-10