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设施栽培对杨梅生长发育和品质的影响(PDF)

《南京林业大学学报(自然科学版)》[ISSN:1000-2006/CN:32-1161/S]

Issue:
2012年06期
Page:
47-52
Column:
研究论文
publishdate:
2012-12-05

Article Info:/Info

Title:
Effect of protected cultivation to the development and quality of Myrica rubra
Author(s):
HUANG Haijing1 FU Guohuai2 YANG Zaiqiang1*ZHANG Jing1JIN Zhifeng3
1. Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Agricultural Meteorology, Nanjing 210044, China;
2. Cixi Meteorological Bureau, Cixi 315300, China;
3. Zhejiang Weather Center, Hangzhou 310017,China
Keywords:
protected cultivation Myrica rubra fruit development fruit quality
Classification number :
S6676
DOI:
10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2012.06.010
Document Code:
A
Abstract:
Using the Myrica rubra Sieb.cv.‘Dingao’ as test material, the observation trial of facilities and outdoor cultivation of M. rubra was carried out in Dingao village in Wenzhou from January to June in 2010 and 2011. The feature of microclimate and the effect of meteorological condition on the growth and fruit quality of M. rubra were examined. The results showed that: daily average temperature, daily average relative humidity, diurnal temperature range, the effective accumulated temperature above 10 ℃ of greenhouse in 2010 were 3.0 ℃, 12 %, 6.7 ℃, 237.5 ℃〖DK〗·d higher than that outdoor cultivation; the mature time of M. rubra in greenhouse cultivation was earlier than that in nature field, the correlation between diameter of fruit and the days after fruit setting were accorded with a halfbaked single S curve; compared with M. rubra of outdoor cultivation, the weight of single fruit, content of soluble solids, sugar, Vc and edible rate of M. rubra in greenhouse were increased by 38.6 %, 11.1 %, 8.3 %, 56.6 %, 9.7 % respectively however, organic acid content decreased by 11.5 % , and the product yield increased by 17.7 % every 666.7 m2. 2011 and 2010 have the similar results. We established a regression equation between the quality and environmental factors of M. rubra by using stepwise regression analysis. The correlation analysis showed that daily average temperature, diurnal temperature range and effective accumulated temperature above 10 ℃ were significantly correlated with soluble solids, content of sugar, Vc, organic acid and the weight of single fruit, which all through significance test by 0.05; the highest, lowest temperature and daily average relative humidity were significantly correlated with soluble solids,Vc content and the weight of single fruit. The facilities cultivation had a significant function of increasing temperature and protecting moisture, and changed the microclimate conditions effectively, which could shorten the development process and improved the fruit quality of M. rubra significantly.

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Last Update: 2012-11-30