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上海市垃圾填埋场植被特征分析(PDF)

《南京林业大学学报(自然科学版)》[ISSN:1000-2006/CN:32-1161/S]

Issue:
2013年01期
Page:
142-146
Column:
城镇绿地特殊生境生态修复关键技术研究专栏
publishdate:
2013-01-15

Article Info:/Info

Title:
A study on vegetation characteristics of solid waste landfills in Shanghai
Author(s):
ZHENG Sijun1WANG Xiaogang2 ZHANG Qingfei1*XU Min2
1. Shanghai Institute of Landscape Gardening, Shanghai 200232, China; 2. College of Resources and Environmental Science, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China
Keywords:
solid waste landfill families and genera compositions floristic characteristics community type
Classification number :
Q9; S719
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.2013.01.026
Document Code:
A
Abstract:
Based on the data from plant communities’ investigation of 11 landfills at 7 districts of Shanghai city, the characteristic of vegetation in solid waste landfill was summarised, such as species composition, type of distribution area, community type and so on. The results showed that 189 seed plant species belonging to 165 genera and 77 families, which were mainly the herb plants, was recorded in 11 landfills. And the family with more than ten species was successively Compositae, Gramineae, Rosaceae and Leguminosae, and there were also many species from the family of Malvaceae, Labiatae and Chenopodiaceae, the family with one specie and native species had the highest ratio in landfills. The main components of the flora in landfills was successively the north temperate zone, pantropic and east asia. The main communities were herbaceous plant communities in early period of solid waste landfills. And the wood plants were mainly consist of artificial plantation species, and some pioneer species, such as Broussonetia papyrifera, Celtis sinensis, Morus alba, Melia azedarach. The main community types in landfill were evergreen coniferous forest, evergreen broad-leaved forest, mixed forest, deciduous broad-leaved forest, evergreen and deciduous broadleaved mixed forest, and the main community types were lack of shrub layer in common, the natural invasion wood plants had discontinuous distribution pattern. According to the vegetation characteristic and surrounding environment of different landfills,we suggested that landfill resources could be used for native plant landscape and urban “forest island” construction.

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Last Update: 2013-01-15