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4种植物源杀虫剂对亚洲型舞毒蛾幼虫的毒性与拒食作用(PDF)

《南京林业大学学报(自然科学版)》[ISSN:1000-2006/CN:32-1161/S]

Issue:
2013年04期
Page:
80-84
Column:
研究论文
publishdate:
2013-07-15

Article Info:/Info

Title:
Comparison of the toxicities and antifeedant effects of four botanical insecticides against the larvae of Lymantria dispar asiatica Vnukovskij
Article ID:
1000-2006(2013)04-0080-05
Author(s):
DING Jitong1 TANG Hua2* ADILI·Shataer1 WANG Yuzhu2
1.College of Forestry, Xinjiang Agricultural University, Urumqi 830052,China;
2. Research Institute of Forest Ecology, Environment and Protection, Chinese Academy of Forestry,The Key Lab of Forest Protection of State Forestry Administration, Beijing 100091,China
Keywords:
Lymantria dispar asiatica larvae botanical insecticide toxicity antifeedant activity
Classification number :
Q965; S763.3
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.2013.04.015
Document Code:
A
Abstract:
In order to choose the best botanical insecticide for controlling Asian gypsy moth, Lymantria dispar asiatica, we compared toxicities and antifeedant effects of four botanical insecticides on the 3rd instar larvae, including 5% Rotenone, 1%resmethrin-matrine, 5% eucalyptole and 0.6% Oxymatrine-lactone. The results indicated that the four kinds of botanical insecticides all had the functions of stomach poison and contact toxicity, and the acute toxicity performance showed that the function of contact toxicity was more obvious than stomach poison. When botanical insecticides were diluted at the highest concentration, the stomach poison of 0.6% Oxymatrine-lactone had the most mortality, followed by 5% eucalyptole. Due to the LC50 of stomach poison groups were all less than that of contact toxicity groups, the stomach poison had a more toxic. Moreover,the toxicities of 0.6% Oxymatrine-lactone and 5% eucalyptole were much higher than the other two botanical insecticides, and the toxicities of 0.6% Oxymatrine-lactone was the strongest. Comparing the weight of feedingstuff before and after feeding,we found that the antifeedant effects of Asian gypsy moth 3rd instar larvae performed well under the four kinds of botanical insecticides treatments, and the antifeedant rate under 5% eucalyptole diluted 5 000 times reached to 99.31%. It was deduced that 5% eucalyptole and 0.6% Oxymatrine-lactone could be popularized and applied as botanical insecticides to control Asian gypsy moth.

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Last Update: 2013-07-30