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浙江舟山岛不同林分类型的水质效应(PDF/HTML)

《南京林业大学学报(自然科学版)》[ISSN:1000-2006/CN:32-1161/S]

Issue:
2015年04期
Page:
75-80
Column:
研究论文
publishdate:
2015-07-20

Article Info:/Info

Title:
Effects of different forest types on water quality in Zhoushan Island, Zhejiang Province
Article ID:
1000-2006(2015)04-0075-06
Author(s):
WU Chuping1 YE Jihua2 HUANG Yujie1 ZHU Jinru1 SHEN Aihua1 YUAN Weigao1 JIANG Bo1
1.Zhejiang Forestry Academy, Hangzhou 310023, China;
2 . Zhoushan City Forest Farm of Zhejiang Province, Zhoushan 316000, China
Keywords:
forest type litter layer water quality index Zhoushan Island Zhejiang Province
Classification number :
S718.5
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.2015.04.013
Document Code:
A
Abstract:
In order to restore forest vegetation destroyed by pine wilt disease, make full use of its’ ecological function, water samples including atmospheric precipitation, through fall, stem flow, litterthrough and soil solution were collected from different type stand in Zhoushan Island. The pH and several ions such as Cl-, NO-3, SO2-4, Na+, Mg2+, and K+ of water quality index were detected. The results showed that: ① pH value decreased and contents of several ions increased in the process of the atmospheric precipitation forming throughfall and stem flow, thus adsorbate on the surface of branches, leaves and stems was the most important factor. ② pH value significantly increased in the process of through fall and stemflow forming litterthrough, therefore, litter layer has large regulation function on pH value. SO2-4 content decreased, so we could draw a conclusion that litter layer had a large adsorption effect on SO2-4. Other ions contents increased, especially for NO-3 and K+, the reason was that NO-3 and K+ in the litter layer by microbial decomposition were leached out. ③ pH values of litterthrough and soil solution were close, but content of Cl-, SO2-4 and K+ decreased significantly in the process of litterthrough forming soil solution. It could be concluded that soil layer had a larger adsorption effect on Cl-, SO2-4, and K+. Therefore, the litter layer and soil layer were the most important for purifing water of forest ecological system. ④ pH value of water in broad-leaved forest and mixed forest was slightly higher than other forest types. Broadleaf litter was more prone to decompose than conifer, the ion adsorption efficiency of litter layer and soil layer in broad-leaved forest was higher than that of conifer, so that we could conclude that water purification efficiency of the broad-leaved forest and mixed forest was higher than coniferous forest.

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Last Update: 2015-07-31