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纤维素基脲醛树脂模塑料改性研究(PDF/HTML)

《南京林业大学学报(自然科学版)》[ISSN:1000-2006/CN:32-1161/S]

Issue:
2015年04期
Page:
127-131
Column:
研究论文
publishdate:
2015-07-20

Article Info:/Info

Title:
Modification research of cellulose based urea-formaldehyde resin molding compound
Article ID:
1000-2006(2015)04-0127-05
Author(s):
LIU Juan1 NAN Jingya1 WANG Chunpeng1 2 CHU Fuxiang3 CHEN Riqing1 2*
1.Institute of Chemical Industry of Forest Products,CAF, National Engineering Lab for Biomass Chemical Utilization, Key and Open Lab of Forest Chemical Engineering,SFA, Key Lab of Biomass Energy and Material, Jiangsu Province, Nanjing 210042, China;
2. Rsearch Institute of New Technology, CAF, Beijing 100091, China;
3. Chinese Academy of Forestry, Beijing 100091, China
Keywords:
cellulose based urea-formaldehyde resin modifier mechanical properties thermal stability
Classification number :
TQ323.3
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.2015.04.022
Document Code:
A
Abstract:
The effects of modifiers polyvinyl butyral, polyacrylate and polystyrene on size stability, mechanical properties and thermal stability of moulding compound were investigated, and the dynamic mechanical properties and microstructure of fracture surface of modified systems were studied with dynamic mechanical analysis(DMA)and scanning electron microscope(SEM). The results showed that moulding plastic had the best dimension stability when polyvinyl butyral, polyacrylate and polystyrene were added 20%, 20% and 10%, respectively. The impact strength and bending strength of urea-formaldehyde resin molding plastic modified with 20% polyvinyl butyral were 2.55 kJ/m2 and 88.3 MPa respectively, and increased by 49.1% and 63.2% comparing with unmodified compound. Polyacrylate could improve the low temperature resistance of molding compound, and moulding compound modified with polyvinyl butyral had good high-temperature performance; The DMA test results showed that polyvinyl butyral and polyacrylate had the toughening effects on the moulding compound, and the compatibility with urea-formaldehyde resin was better. The moulding compound modified with polystyrene could not be toughened. In addition, fracture surface of moulding compound modified with polyvinyl butyral and polyacrylate appeared gliding fracture and the compound modified with polystyrene appeared brittle fracture.

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Last Update: 2015-07-31