我们的网站为什么显示成这样?

可能因为您的浏览器不支持样式,您可以更新您的浏览器到最新版本,以获取对此功能的支持,访问下面的网站,获取关于浏览器的信息:

|Table of Contents|

园林废弃物堆肥替代油松容器苗基质材料的研究(PDF)

《南京林业大学学报(自然科学版)》[ISSN:1000-2006/CN:32-1161/S]

Issue:
2015年05期
Page:
81-86
Column:
研究论文
publishdate:
2015-10-20

Article Info:/Info

Title:
Effects of garden waste compost addictive in growing medium on Pinus tabulaeformis container seedlings
Article ID:
1000-2006(2015)05-0081-06
Author(s):
HU Jiawei1LIU Yong1*MA Lüyi1LI Guolei1 JIA Zhongkui1WANG Yan1LOU Junshan1YANG Xiaohui2
1. Key Laboratory for Silviculture and Conservation of Ministry of Education(Beijing Forestry University), Beijing 100083, China;
2. Pingquan County Huangtuliangzi State-owned Forest Farm of Hebei Province, Pingquan 067506,China
Keywords:
garden waste compost nursery medium seedling quality Pinus tabulaeformis container seedling
Classification number :
S723.1
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.2015.05.013
Document Code:
A
Abstract:
The garden waste compost was tested for feasibility as a component(0-50%)of a container medium for growing Pinus tabulaeformis container seedlings in a greenhouse. The physical and chemical properties of different mediums and their effects on the growth of seedlings were studied. When the proportions of garden waste compost reaching 40%, seedling germination percentage could achieve 80% production index requirements and rate of qualified seedlings could meet the standard. Compared to the peat treatment, seedling height, diameter, height to diameter ratio, tap root length and root biomass did not exhibite significant changes. As the composition of compost in the mixed medium increasing, it could increase the N mass fraction in seedlings significantly, also significantly promote the absorption of K in seedling foliar,and this might be good for outplanting. The physical properties and pH of all the treatments were suitable to grow seedlings, the test showed that total N, alkaline hydrolytic N, rapidly available K increased significantly when garden waste compost increasing, this might be the main reason to increase the N, K contents of seedlings. The available Fe、Mn、Cu and Cr also increased significantly,but they were all suitable for planting. Higher nutrient levels and EC might be the main reason to decrease the germination percentage and seedling quality. In general, in proportions of up to 40% in peat treatment, the compost additive used was shown to be a feasible material for seedling growing in greenhouses; while it could produce relatively high quality of seedlings when the growing media contained compost in proportions of 20%.In this study, combined with the substrates materials cost and environmental factors,the best medium prescription is 55% peat, 25% perlite and 20% compost.

References

[1] 刘勇. 我国苗木培育理论与技术进展[J]. 世界林业研究, 2000, 13(5):43-49. Liu Y.Advances in theory and techniques of seedling culture in China[J]. World Forestry Research, 2000, 13(5):43-49.
[2] 乌丽雅斯, 刘勇, 李瑞生, 等. 容器育苗质量调控技术研究评述[J]. 世界林业研究, 2004, 17(2):9-13. Wu L Y S, Liu Y, Li R S, et al.Reviewing on quality modification and control techniques of containerized seedling[J].World Forestry Research, 2004, 17(2):9-13.
[3] 沈国舫. 森林培育学[M]. 北京:中国林业出版社, 2001.
[4] 吕子文, 方海兰, 黄彩娣. 美国园林废弃物的处置及对我国的启示[J]. 中国园林, 2007, 23(8): 90-94. Lv Z W, Fang H L, Huang C D.The disposing of green waste in usa and the inspiration for its utilization in China[J]. Chinese Landscape Architecture, 2007, 23(8): 90-94.
[5] Kashmanian R M, Rynk R F. Agricultural composting in the United States[J]. Compost Science & Utilization, 1995, 3(3): 84-88.
[6] 康红梅, 张启翔, 唐菁. 栽培基质的研究进展[J]. 土壤通报, 2005, 36(1):124-127. Kang H M, Zhang Q X, Tang J. Research Advances on growth media[J]. Chinese Journal of Soil Science, 2005, 36(1):124-127.
[7] Wilson S B, Stoffella P J, Graetz D A. Use of compost as a media amendment for containerized production of two subtropical perennials[J]. Journal of Environmental Horticulture, 2001, 19(1): 37-42.
[8] Heiskanen J. Effects of compost additive in sphagnum peat growing medium on Norway spruce container seedlings[J]. New Forests, 2013, 44(1): 101-118.
[9] Beeson R C. Composted yard waste as a component of container substrates[J]. Journal of Environmental Horticulture, 1996, 14: 115-121.
[10] 鲁敏, 李英杰, 王仁卿. 油松容器育苗基质性质与苗木生长及生理特性关系[J]. 林业科学, 2005,41(4): 86-93. Lu M, Li Y J, Wang R Q.The relation between the medium quality and the container seedling growth of chinese pine and its physiological characteristics[J]. Scientia Silvae Sinicae, 2005,41(4): 86-93.
[11] 李维向. 西北地区油松樟子松容器育苗技术的研究—基质配方和最佳施肥量的研究[J]. 内蒙古林学院学报, 1995,17(3): 46-51. Li W X.The technology of growing seedlings of Pinus sylvestris var. Mongolica Litv. and Pinus tabulaeformis in vesseles in northwest of China composing the base fertilizer and the best amount of applying chemical fertilizer[J]. Journal of Inner Mongolia Forestry College, 1995,17(3): 46-51.
[12] 王晶莹, 温阳, 闫栓喜. 油松容器育苗营养土配制技术试验[J]. 内蒙古林业科技, 2006,32(4): 8-10. Wang J Y, Wen Y, Yan S X. Nutrient soil configuration technology of Pinus tabulaeformis seedling cultivated in container[J]. Journal of Inner Mongolia Forestry Science & Technology, 2006, 32(4): 8-10.
[13] Timmer V R, Armstrong G. Growth and nutrition of containerized Pinus resinosa seedlings at varying moisture regimes[J]. New Forests, 1989, 3(2): 171-180.
[14] 连兆煌. 无土栽培技术与原理[M]. 北京:中国农业出版社,1994.
[15] 鲍士旦.土壤农业化学分析[M]. 北京:中国农业出版社,1981
[16] 鲁如坤.土壤农业化学分析方法[M].北京:中国农业科技出版社, 1999.
[17] 河北省林业局. DB13/T 856—2007苗木质量分级-油松[S]. 石家庄:河北省质量技术监督局,2007.
[18] 吴雅婧.三种阔叶树容器苗基质原料配比和制作研究[D].北京:北京林业大学, 2010. Wu Y J.Studies on media of containerized seedling production for three hardwood species[D].Beijing:Beijing Forestry University,2010.
[19] 刘勇, 苗木质量调控理论与技术[M]. 北京:中国林业出版社,1999.
[20] van den Driessche R. Importance of current photosynthate to new root growth in planted conifer seedlings[J]. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 1987, 17(8): 776-782.
[21] Boivin J R, Salifu K F, Timmer V R. Late-season fertilization of Picea mariana seedlings: intensive loading and outplanting response on greenhouse bioassays[J]. Annals of Forest Science, 2004, 61(8): 737-745.
[22] Fernández M, Marcos C, Tapias R, et al. Nursery fertilisation affects the frost-tolerance and plant quality of Eucalyptus globulus Labill. cuttings[J]. Annals of Forest Science, 2007, 64(8):865-873.
[23] 海晓明, 王鹏, 闫志军. 油松容器育苗技术[J]. 现代农业科技, 2012(18): 170-171.
[24] 徐文俊, 程智慧, 孟焕文, 等. 农业废弃有机物基质配方对番茄生长及产量的影响[J]. 西北农林科技大学学报:自然科学版, 2012, 40(4): 127-133. Xu W J, Chen Z H, Meng H W, et al. Influence of the formula of organic waste substrate form crop production on growth and yield of tomato[J]. Journal of Northwest A&F University, 2012,40(4): 127-133.
[25] Bugbee G J. Growth of ornamental plants in container media amended with biosolids compost[J]. Compost Science & Utilization, 2002, 10(2): 92-98.
[26] Carlile W R, Macfarlane M A, Sweetland E. Preparation and composting of peat and dewatered sewage-sludge [J]. Acta Hortic(ISHS), 1983, 150: 503-510.
[27] Abad M, Noguera P, Bur'es S. National inventory of organic wastes for use as growing media for ornamental potted plant production: case study in Spaint[J]. Bioresource Technol, 2001, 77(2): 197-200.
[28] Noguera P, Abad M, Puchades R, et al. Influence of particle size on physical and chemical properties of coconut coir dust as a container medium[J]. Communications in Soil Science & Plant Analysis, 2003, 34(3): 593-605.

Last Update: 2015-10-15