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|Table of Contents|

脲醛树脂室温下的固化机制(PDF)

《南京林业大学学报(自然科学版)》[ISSN:1000-2006/CN:32-1161/S]

Issue:
2015年06期
Page:
169-172
Column:
研究简报
publishdate:
2015-11-30

Article Info:/Info

Title:
Curing mechanism of urea-formaldehyde under ambient temperature
Article ID:
1000-2006(2015)06-0169-04
Author(s):
CHEN Yuzhu FAN Dongbin QIN TefuCHU Fuxiang*
Research Institute of Wood Industry,Chinese Academy of Forestry, Key Laboratory of Wood Science and Technology of State Forestry Administration,Beijing 100091, China
Keywords:
urea-formaldehyde resin GPC molecular weight distribution curing mechanism
Classification number :
TQ433
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.2015.06.029
Document Code:
A
Abstract:
This article investigates the change of viscosity, gel time and molecular weight distribution of urea-formaldehyde(UF)resin with curing agent ammonium chloride(NH4Cl)under ambient temperature by measuring gel time and gel permeation chromatography(GPC)analysis. It was found that the viscosity of UF resin with 2.0% NH4Cl changed slightly at the beginning, but sharply increased from 99 mPa·s to 10 020 mPa·s after 8 hours. The resin thickened and clustered at this stage. After 10 hours, UF resin took shape and became hard and its gel time decreased to 40 s from 137 s for the un-cured resin. Number average molecular weight and weight average molecular weight increased significantly, and small molecular disappeared gradually while molecular of medium and high weight accounted for higher proportion. The molecular uniformity of UF was improved degree of dispersion dropped from 1.11 to 1.08. The degree of gelation increases and the activity of applicable UF resin decreases with longer elapsed time.

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Last Update: 2015-11-30