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银杏残叶添加比例对猪粪好氧堆肥的影响(PDF)

《南京林业大学学报(自然科学版)》[ISSN:1000-2006/CN:32-1161/S]

Issue:
2016年01期
Page:
39-43
Column:
研究论文
publishdate:
2016-01-31

Article Info:/Info

Title:
Aerobic composting of pig manure amended with different ratios of ginkgo leave residues
Article ID:
1000-2006(2016)01-0039-05
Author(s):
XU Hongqiang12 SHEN Jiahe13 ZHANG Huanchao1* WANG Genmei1 CAO Fuliang1
1.Co-Innovation Center for the Sustainable Forestry in Southern China, College of Forestry, Nanjing Forestry University, Nanjing 210037, China;
2.Forestry Bureau of Jiangsu Province, Nanjing 210036, China;
3. Jintan City Soil and Fertilizer Technology Guidance Station, Jintan 213200, China
Keywords:
ginkgo leaves residues pig manure compost fermentation germination index of corn
Classification number :
S714.8
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.2016.01.007
Document Code:
A
Abstract:
For the purpose of resourceful utilization of the ginkgo leave residues(GLR), the effects of GLR mass ratios(0%, 10%, 20%, 30% and 40%)on aerobic composting of pig manure were studied in this paper. The results showed that the temperature in the composts added with 20% and 30% of GLR raised to its maximum value of 65 ℃ and 63 ℃ respectively in the third day, and their high temperature over 55 ℃ maintained for 7 days during composting. Only 28 days were spent for the main fermentation process(over 40 ℃)in the composts with 20% and 30% GLR, obviously less than that in the control compost added no GLR. After composting, the organic carbon content in all composts was 25%-28%, fitted the national standard of organic fertilizer(NY525-2012), and didn't present significant differences between the composts. Total nitrogen(TN)content in all composts was 2.26%-3.20%. The TN content in the compost with 20% GLR was 3.20% and increased by 41.5% compared with the control. Both C/N and T value(the ratio of the C/N at the end of composting to that at the beginning of composting)in all composts were fitted with the maturity standard of pig manure compost(C/N<20, T<0.6). The germination index(IG)of corn was over 80% in the 28th day during composting for the composts with 20% and 30% GLR, while for the other composts over 35 days were spent. Comprehensively, the mass ratio of 20%-30% GLR was more benifit to the aerobic composting of pig manure.

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Last Update: 2016-02-25