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城市森林对大气颗粒物(尤其PM2.5)调控作用研究进展(PDF)

《南京林业大学学报(自然科学版)》[ISSN:1000-2006/CN:32-1161/S]

Issue:
2016年05期
Page:
148-154
Column:
综合述评
publishdate:
2016-09-30

Article Info:/Info

Title:
Progress on the regulating effects of urban forest vegetation on atmospheric particulate matter(especially PM2.5)
Article ID:
1000-2006(2016)05-0148-07
Author(s):
WANG Lei HUANG Libin WAN Xin ZHANG Yanan WANG Huo
Jiangsu Academy of Forestry, Nanjing 211153, China
Keywords:
urban forest vegetation atmospheric particulate matter PM2.5 regulating effects
Classification number :
S718
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.2016.05.024
Document Code:
A
Abstract:
At present, atmospheric particulate matter has become the main sources of urban air pollution in China with the speeding up of industrialization process, in which fine particulate matter(<2.5 microns in aero dynamic diameter)is attracted by public concerns. How to effectively resist and alleviate the detriment of atmospheric particulates(especially PM2.5)and how to controll the harm of atmospheric particulates to the urban environment should be urgent projects. This paper firstly elaborated the concept of urban forest, the mechanism of decreasing, detaining and resisting dust by urban forest vegetation, and the influence of atmospheric particulate matter on vegetation growth and development. Then the latest progress in the study of the impact of plant leaf surface morphology on the capability of blocking atmospheric particulates from the individual level of vegetation were discussed, and comparative analysis was conducted on retention abilities of atmospheric particulate matter(especially PM2.5)among different species. Research progress on function of forest vegetation for controlling atmospheric particulate matter, and the comparison of capability for blocking atmospheric particulate matter among different vegetation types were analyzed. At last, this paper suggested that we should choose representative tree species in different region, and make a quantitative analysis on their ability for blocking and absorbing particulate matter.We should determine retention amount of per unit area of leafs for each tree species, and pointedly select targeted vegetation types easily tending to absorb relevant chemicals according to the main chemical compositions of atmospheric particulates in each area in the future researches.

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Last Update: 2016-10-30