我们的网站为什么显示成这样?

可能因为您的浏览器不支持样式,您可以更新您的浏览器到最新版本,以获取对此功能的支持,访问下面的网站,获取关于浏览器的信息:

|Table of Contents|

蘑菇渣堆肥对油松移植容器苗生长和养分的影响(PDF)

《南京林业大学学报(自然科学版)》[ISSN:1000-2006/CN:32-1161/S]

Issue:
2016年05期
Page:
184-190
Column:
研究简报
publishdate:
2016-09-30

Article Info:/Info

Title:
Effects of different mushroom slag compost on growth and nutrient accumulation of Pinus tabulaeformis containerized transplantings
Article ID:
1000-2006(2016)05-0184-07
Author(s):
TENG Fei LIU Yong* HU Jiawei SUN Qiaoyu WAN Fangfang YANG Chen ZHANG Jin
Key Laboratory for Silviculture and Conservation of Ministry of Education, College of Forestry, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083, China
Keywords:
containerized transplanting Pinus tabulaeformis mushroom slag compost matrix formulation
Classification number :
S791.24; S723
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.2016.05.029
Document Code:
A
Abstract:
An experiment was conducted to study the growth responses of Pinus tabulaeformis containerized transplanting through keeping the proportion of perlite powder unchanged, and gradually increasing the proportion of mushroom compost from 0% to 75%, and replacing grass carbon. Eight kinds of media formula were designed in this study. The results showed that it was feasible to use mushroom slag compost as the culture matrix of P. tabulaeformis containerized transplanting. When the proportion of mushroom compost in the mediums reached 40%, the height, diameter, root biomass, shoot biomass and foliar biomass all exhibited no changes if compared with the common peat pressing, while nutrient content was significantly higher than that in the common peat processing. The physical and EC of the treatments were suitable to the growth of P. tabulaeformis .When mushroom compost proportion was ≥50%,the pH value was changed to alkaline from slightly acidic. The elevated matrix pH values may be the main factor leading to decline in the quality of seedlings. Therefore, under this experimental condition, the optimum matrix formula used to develop P. tabulaeformis containerized transplanting is 35% peat, 25% perlite and 40% spent mushroom compost.

References

[1] 刘勇. 苗木质量调控理论与技术[M]. 北京: 中国林业出版社, 1999: 173-176.
[2] 宋廷茂,刘勇,彭祚登,等. 大兴安岭主要针叶树种移植容器苗的培育技术与造林效果的研究[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 1990, 12(5): 1-9. Song T M, Liu Y, Peng Z D, et al. Study Daxinganling main conifer species transplant container seedlings cultivation technology and afforestation effect[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 1990, 12(5):1-9.
[3] 宋廷茂,张建国,刘勇,等. 大兴安岭地区主要针叶树种苗木活力的研究[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 1993,15(S): 1-17. Song T M, Zhang J G, Liu Y, et al. Greater Xing'an Mountains region's major coniferous tree seedlings vigor[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 1993, 15(S):1-17.
[4] 张金,郭在军,李平. 轻质网袋移植容器苗培育技术[J]. 河北林业科技, 2014(4): 10. Doi:10.3969/j.issn.1002-3356.2014.04.009. Zhang J, Guo Z J, Li P. Lightweight mesh bag container seedlings transplant technology[J]. Hebei Forestry Science and Technology, 2014(4):10.
[5] 吕瑞恒, 李国雷, 刘勇, 等. 不同林龄油松针叶凋落物初期分解特性比较[J]. 南京林业大学学报(自然科学版), 2013, 37(2):39-44.Doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.2013.02.007. Lv R H, Li G L, Liu Y, et al. Study on initial decomposition characteristics of Pinus tabulaeformis needle litter at different stand age[J]. Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Sciences Edition), 2013, 37(2):39-44.
[6] 乌丽雅斯,刘勇,李瑞生. 容器育苗质量调控技术研究评述[J]. 世界林业研究, 2004, 17(2): 9-13. Doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-4241.2004.02.003. Wu L Y S, Liu Y, Li R S, et al. Reviewing on quality modification and control techniques of containerized seedling[J]. World Forestry Research, 2004,17(2):9-13.
[7] 袁冬明, 林磊, 严春风, 等. 木荷轻基质网袋容器育苗技术研究[J]. 南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2011, 35(6):53-58. Doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.2011.06.011. Yuan D M, Lin L, Yan C F, et al. Studies on light weight medium fabric container for seedling culture techniques of Schima superba[J]. Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Sciences Edition), 2011, 35(6):53-58.
[8] Phipps H M. Growing media affect size of container-grown red pine[EB/OL].USDA Forest Service Research Note, North Central Forest Experiment Station(NC-165), 1974.
[2015-09-10].http://eurekamag.com/research/000/104/000104395.php.
[9] 胡嘉伟, 刘勇, 马履一, 等. 园林废弃物堆肥替代油松容器苗基质材料的研究[J]. 南京林业大学学报(自然科学版), 2015, 39(5):81-86. Doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.2015.05.013. Hu J W, Liu Y, Ma L Y, et al. Effects of garden waste compost addictive in growing medium on Pinus tabulaeformis container seedlings[J]. Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Sciences Edition), 2015, 39(5):81-86.
[10] 李晓强, 卜崇兴, 郭世荣. 菇渣复合基质栽培对蔬菜幼苗生长的影响[J]. 沈阳农业大学学报, 2006, 37(3):517-520. Doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-1700.2006.03.063. Li X Q, Bu C X, Guo S R. Effects of Compound substrate of mushroom residue on growth of some vegetable seedlings[J]. Journal of Shenyang Agricultural University, 2006,37(3):517-520.
[11] 时连辉, 张志国, 刘登民, 等. 菇渣和泥炭基质理化特性比较及其调节[J]. 农业工程学报, 2008, 24(4):199-203. Doi:10.3321/j.issn:1002-6819.2008.04.039. Shi L H, Zhang Z G, Liu D M, et al. Comparison of physiochemical properties between spent mushroom compost and peat substrate and adjustment[J]. Transactions of the CSAE, 2008,24(4):199-203.
[12] 连兆煌. 无土栽培原理与技术[M]. 北京:中国农业出版社, 1994.
[13] 鲁如坤. 土壤农业化学分析方法[M]. 北京:中国农业科技出版社, 2000.
[14] 楚秀丽, 王秀花, 张东北, 等. 基质配比和缓释肥添加量对浙江楠大规格容器苗质量的影响[J]. 南京林业大学学报(自然科学版), 2015, 39(6):67-73. Doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.2015.06.013. Chu X L, Wang X H, Zhang D B, et al. Effect of substrate ratio and slow-release fertilizer loading on the quality of large size container seedlings of Phoebe chekiangensis[J]. Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Sciences Edition), 2015, 39(6):67-73.
[15] 李国雷,刘勇,祝燕,等. 国外苗木质量研究进展[J]. 世界林业研究, 2011, 24(2): 27-35. Li G L, Liu Y, Zhu Y, et al. A Review of oversea studies of seedling quality[J].World Forestry Research, 2011, 24(2):27-35.
[16] Van Tam N, Wang C H. Use of Spent mushroom substrate and manure compost for honeydew melon seedlings[J]. Journal of Plant Growth Regulation, 2015, 34(2):417-424. Doi:10.1007/s00344-015-9478-9.
[17] 李国雷, 刘勇, 祝燕, 等. 国外容器苗质量调控技术研究进展[J]. 林业科学, 2012, 48(8):135-142. Li G L, Liu Y, Zhu Y, et al. A review on the abroad studies of techniques in regulating quality of container seedling[J]. Scientia Silvae Sinicae, 2012, 48(8):135-142.
[18] 储双双,赖灿. 污泥堆肥混合基质对香彩雀生长开花的影响及植物适应性评价[J]. 生态学杂志, 2014, 33(4): 966-972. Chu S S, Lai C. Effect of sludge compost-based mixed substrates on growth and blossom of Angelonia salicariifolia and evaluation of its suitability for plant growth[J]. Chinese Journal of Ecology, 2014,33(4):966-972.
[19] 周跃华, 聂艳丽, 赵永红, 等. 国内外固体基质研究概况[J]. 中国生态农业学报, 2005(4):40-43. Zhou Y H, Nie Y L, Zhao Y H, et al. Research on solid substrate in the whole world[J]. Chinese Journal of Eco-Agriculture, 2005(4):40-43.
[20] Oliet J A, Planelles R, Artero F, et al. Field performance of Pinus halepensis planted in Mediterranean arid conditions: relative influence of seedling morphology and mineral nutrition[J]. New Forests, 2008, 37(3):313-331.Doi:10.1007/s11056-008-9126-3.
[21] 秦性英. 新型压缩基质配方筛选及育苗技术研究[D]. 保定:河北农业大学, 2008. Qing X Y. Research on selection of the new substrate proportions and seedling technology[D]. Baoding:Hebei Agricultural University, 2008.
[22] 韦小丽, 朱忠荣, 尹小阳, 等. 湿地松轻基质容器苗育苗技术[J]. 南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2003, 27(5):55-58. Doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.2003.05.013. Wei X L, Zhu Z R, Yin X Y, et al. Studies on container seedlings cultural techniques of light media for Pinus elliottii[J]. Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Sciences Edition), 2003, 27(5):55-58.
[23] 徐文俊, 程智慧, 孟焕文, 等. 农业废弃有机物基质配方对番茄生长及产量的影响[J]. 西北农林科技大学学报(自然科学版), 2012, 40(4):127-133. Xu W J, Chen Z H, Meng H W, et al. Influence of the formula of organic waste substrate form crop production on growth and yield of tomato[J]. Journal of Northwest A&F University, 2012, 40(4):127-133.
[24] 孙敏, 奥岩松. 几种固形物料的物理、化学性状及其栽培基质化评价[J]. 华北农学报, 2004, 19(1):102-106. Doi:10.3321/j.issn:1000-7091.2004.01.028. Sun M, Ao Y S. Evaluation as growing medium on physical and chemical characteristics of several solid materiels[J]. Acta Agriculturae Boreali-Sinica, 2004, 19(1):102-106.
[25] Jacobs D F T V R. Fertilizer induced changes in rhizosphere electrical conductivity:relation to forest tree seedlingroot system grow and funcion[J]. New Forests, 2005, 30: 147-166.Doi:10.1007/s11056-005-6572-z.
[26] 吴雅婧. 三种阔叶树容器苗基质原料配比和制作研究[D]. 北京:北京林业大学, 2010. Wu Y J. Studies on media of containerized seedling production for three hardwood species[D]. Beijing:Beijing Forestry University, 2010.
[27] Medina E, Paredes C, Pérez-Murcia MD, et al. Spent mushroom substrates as component of growing media for germination and growth of horticultural plants[J]. Bioresour Technol, 2009, 100(18):4227-4232.Doi:10.1016/j.biortech.2009.03.055.

Last Update: 2016-10-30