我们的网站为什么显示成这样?

可能因为您的浏览器不支持样式,您可以更新您的浏览器到最新版本,以获取对此功能的支持,访问下面的网站,获取关于浏览器的信息:

|Table of Contents|

崇明东滩湿地互花米草治理对鸟类及底栖动物多样性的影响(PDF/HTML)

《南京林业大学学报(自然科学版)》[ISSN:1000-2006/CN:32-1161/S]

Issue:
2017年01期
Page:
9-14
Column:
专题报道
publishdate:
2017-01-31

Article Info:/Info

Title:
Effects of habitat restoration on the diversity of bird and marcobenthos in the Chongming Dongtan wetland
Article ID:
1000-2006(2017)01-0009-06
Author(s):
MA Qiang1 WU Wei1 TANG Chendong1 NIU Dongliang1 WU Jihua2 MA Zhijun2
1.Shanghai Chongming Dongtan National Nature Reserve, Shanghai 202183, China;
2.Institute of Biodiversity Science, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, China
Keywords:
Chongming Dongtan wetlands bird habitat Phragmites australis water bird species macro benthos biodiversity
Classification number :
S718
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.2017.01.002
Document Code:
A
Abstract:
【Objective】Chongming Dongtan wetland servers as an important habitat for both migratory and resident birds. However, the invasion of Spartina alterniflora had changed the community structure and function of the wetland. In 2011, an demonstration test area was constructed to eradicate S. alterniflora and protect bird habitat. The objective of this study was to examine the effects of removing S. alterniflora on the biodiversity in the Chongming Dongtan wetland, Shanghai City. 【Method】The plant growth(Phragmites australis), plant community composition, and the species and quantity change of avian community(with another one-year survey after construction), and macrobenthos community were monitored in 8 treatment plots and 7 control plots, respectively.【Result】The removal of S. alterniflora did not affect the density and height of Ph. australis. The species enrichment and number of birds(including waterfowl)were higher in the treatment plots than in the control plots.【Conclusion】After engineering construction, the landscape and biodiversity of the demonstration test area changed greatly. Compared with the S. alterniflora community, the ecological service function of biodiversity conservation has been obviously restored, attracting different groups of birds resting here. Further monitoring is needed to check the recovery potential of the macro benthos community.

References

[1] 谢一民,杜德昌,孙振兴,等. 上海湿地[M].上海:上海科技出版社,2004.
[2] 徐宏发,赵云龙.上海市崇明东滩鸟类自然保护区科学考察集[M].北京:中国林业出版社,2005.
[3] 关道明.中国滨海湿地[M].北京:海洋出版社, 2012.
[4] LI B,LIAO C Z,ZHANG X D,et al.Spartina alterniflora invasions in the Yangtze River estuary,China:an overview of current status and ecosystem effects[J].Ecological Engineering,2009,35(4):511-520. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecoleng.2008.05.013.
[5] GE Z M,CAO H B,ZHANG L Q. A process-based grid model for the simulation of range expansion of Spartina alterniflora on the coastal saltmarshes in the Yangtze Estuary[J].Ecological Engineering,2013,58:105-112. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecoleng.2013.06.024.
[6] CHEN Z Y,LI B,ZHONG Y,et al.Local competitive effects of introduced Spartina alterniflora on Scirpus mariqueter at Dongtan of Chongming Island, the Yangtze River estuary and their potential ecological consequences[J].Hydrobiologia,2004,528(1):99-106.DOI: 10.1007/s10750-004-1888-9.
[7] GAN X J,CAI Y T,CHOI C,et al.Potential impacts of invasive Spartina alterniflora on spring bird communities at Chongming Dongtan, a Chinese wetland of international importance[J].Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science,2009,83(2):211-219.DOI: 10.1016/j.ecss.2009.03.026.
[8] WANG R Z,YUAN L,ZHANG L Q.Impacts of Spartina alterniflora invasion on the benthic communities of salt marshes in the Yangtze estuary, China[J].Ecological Engineering,2010,36(6):799-806. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecoleng.2010.02.005.
[9] 陈雁飞,汤臣栋,马强,等. 崇明东滩自然保护区景观格局动态分析[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2017,41(1):1-7.DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.2017.01.001. CHEN Y F, TANG C D, MA Q, et al. Analysis on landscape pattern change of Chongming Dongtan Nature Reserve[J]. Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Sciences Edition),2017,41(1):1-7.
[10] MAC KINNON J R, PHILLIPS K, HE F Q.A field guide to the birds of China[M]. Changsha:Hunan Education Press, 2000.
[11] HOWES J, BAKEWELL D. Shorebird studies manual[M]. Kuala Lumpur: AWB Publication No. 55,1989.
[12] MA Z J,WANG Y,GAN X J,et al. Waterbird population changes in the wetlands at Chongming Dongtan in the Yangtze River estuary,China[J].Environmental Management,2009,43(6):1187-1200. DOI:10.1007/s00267-008-9247-7.
[13] BRACKBIL H. Shorebirds leaving the water to defecate[J].Auk,1970,87(1):160-161.
[14] 黄正一,孙振华,虞快. 上海鸟类资源及其生境[M].上海:复旦大学出版社,1993.
[15] GE Z M,ZHOU X,WANG T H,et al.The effects of changes in vegetation cover on the migratory shorebird carrying capacity of a newly-formed wetland,Yangtze River estuary,China[J].Zoological Studies,2009,48(6):769-779.
[16] MA Z J,CAI Y T,LI B,et al.Managing wetland habitats for waterbirds:an international perspective[J].Wetlands,2010,30(1):15-27. DOI:10.1007/s13157-009-0001-6.

Last Update: 2017-01-30