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崇明东滩鸟类国家级自然保护区环志鸟类种群特征年际变化(PDF/HTML)

《南京林业大学学报(自然科学版)》[ISSN:1000-2006/CN:32-1161/S]

Issue:
2017年01期
Page:
15-20
Column:
专题报道
publishdate:
2017-01-31

Article Info:/Info

Title:
Inter-annual population variation of migratory birds in Chongming Dongtan National Nature Reserve
Article ID:
1000-2006(2017)01-0015-06
Author(s):
CAO Mu1 TANG Chendong2 MA Qiang2 CAO Ying1 XUE Jianhui1*
1.Co-Innovation Center for the Sustainable Forestry in Southern China, College of Biology and the Environment, Nanjing Forestry University, Nanjing 210037, China;
2.Shanghai Chongming Dongtan National Nature Reserve, Shanghai 202183, China
Keywords:
banding birds bird diversity interspecific correlation Chongming Dongtan wetland
Classification number :
Q14
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.2017.01.003
Document Code:
A
Abstract:
【Objective】To understand the migratory bird community change and the mechanism of bird migration in the Asian Pacific region, inter-annual variation of binding bird diversity and inter-specific correlation of binding birds were examined in Chongming Dongtan National Nature Reserve.【Method】According to Technical Specification for Bird Banding, we recorded banding bird species and quantity from 2005 to 2014 in Dongtan wetland. We calculated the quantity of banding bird species and average daily banding bird quantity each year, the average proportion of birds banded, bio-diversity index and evenness index.【Result】In total, three orders(Charadriiformes, Ciconiiformes and Lariformes)eight families and 51 species birds were banded from 2005 to 2014 in Dongtan wetland. The quantity of banding bird species ranged from 32 to 45 species over the period of 2005-2014. The diversity index were between 2.38 and 2.79, and the evenness index were between 0.68 and 0.76 during the ten years period. Average daily banding bird number decreased from 59.07 in 2006 to 17.13 in 2014. Inter-specific correlation analysis for ten selected shorebird(more than 1% of the total number of the birds)such as Calidris tenuirostris, C. alpine, C. ruficollis showed that 14 pairs of shorebirds were correlated and 5 pairs were significantly positively correlated, which contained Calidris tenuirostris, C. alpina, C. ruficollis and so on. 【Conclusion】 The invasion of Spartina alterniflora and their governance, wetland habitat loss and degradation in the banding bird migration route are the main potential factors,which changed the quantity of the banding birds and the quantity of their species.

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Last Update: 2017-01-30