我们的网站为什么显示成这样?

可能因为您的浏览器不支持样式,您可以更新您的浏览器到最新版本,以获取对此功能的支持,访问下面的网站,获取关于浏览器的信息:

|Table of Contents|

从适地适树到适钙适树的理论与例证(PDF/HTML)

《南京林业大学学报(自然科学版)》[ISSN:1000-2006/CN:32-1161/S]

Issue:
2017年02期
Page:
1-8
Column:
基础理论
publishdate:
2017-03-23

Article Info:/Info

Title:
From matching site with trees towards matching calcium with trees
Article ID:
1000-2006(2017)02-0001-08
Author(s):
ZHOU Yongbin1 ZOU Xiaoming 2 3*
1. College of Forestry, Shenyang Agricultural University, Shenyang 110886, China;
2. College of Biology and the Environment, Nanjing Forestry University, Nanjing 210037, China;
3. Department of Environmental Sciences, University of Puerto Rico, P. O. Box 70377, San Juan, PR 00936-8377, USA
Keywords:
matching site with trees index for matching calcium with trees soil calcium supply potentials site classification Quercus liaotangensis Koidz
Classification number :
S718
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.2017.02.001
Document Code:
A
Abstract:
“Matching site with trees” is a fundamental principle in silviculture. It refers to finding the right tree species for a given site, or finding the right site for a given tree species for a maximum tree growth. This matching of tree species with site was conventionally achieved through correlation analyses between tree growth(typically tree height)and empirically chosen site physicochemical variables(including topographical, soil and climatic parameters)with subsequent site quality classification for high, medium, fare and poor tree-growth sites. Noticeably, physicochemical variables used for evaluating site quality vary with evaluators, locations and tree species, thus the approach for site quality evaluation is unreplicatable and unscientific. Here we propose using site calcium supply potentials as an unified site quality index. A site is suited for a tree species, or a tree species grows well in a site, when a tree’s calcium demand for a maximum growth coincides with the site calcium supply potential. Based on this principle, we calculated the calcium supply potentials for Liaoning Province of China. Using leaf tissue calcium concentration we estimated the growth index of cross section area at DBH for Liaodong oak(Quercus liaotungensis Koidz). This index correlated notably well with the forestry inventory data in permanent plots spaced at 4 km×8 km across Liaoning Province. Our analyses demonstrated that calcium supply potential can reflect site quality for silvicultural practices, and the principal foci for “matching site with trees” is “matching calcium with trees”.

References

[1] 张俊红. 中国林业百科全书[M].吉林: 吉林电子出版社,2013.
[2] 沈国舫. 造林讲座 [J]. 林业科技通讯,1974(11-12): 20, 25-27.
[3] 湖南省人民委员会. 关于做好造林准备工作的指示 [N]. 湖南政报, 1956(16): 556.
[4] 华北区中等林校教材编委会. 造林学[M].北京:中国林业出版社, 1959.
[5] 林业部造林司,中国林业科学院. 造林的六项基本措施 [J]. 内蒙古林业, 1959(3):5-6.
[6] 孙时轩. 造林学 [M].2版.北京:中国林业出版社,1990.
[7] 沈国舫. 森林培育学 [M]. 北京: 中国林业出版社, 2001.
[8] 刘安. 淮南子:卷十,缪称训[M/OL].
[2016-12-20]. http://ishare.iask.sina.com.cn/f/23007863.html.
[9] 贾思勰. 齐民要术[M].石声汗,译注.石定枎,谭光万,补注.北京:中华书局,2015.
[10] 王象晋,群芳谱[M].1621.群芳谱诠释(增补订正).北京:农业出版社,1985.
[11] NARTOV A A. On planting forests[C]// REMEZOV N P, POGREBNYAK P S. Forest soil science.Translated by Gourevitch A. Springfield: US. Department of Commerce, 1969.
[12] COTTA H. Systematische anleitung zur taxation der waldungen(systematic Instructions for taxation of forests)[M]. Berlin, 1804
[2016-12-20].http://agris.fao.org/aos/records/US201300545192.
[13] 吉田義孝.造林学 [M]. 太原: 山西农林学堂, 1902.
[14] 王希群. 中国森林培育学的110年[J]. 中国林业教育,2012,30(1):1-7.
[15] 陈嵘.造林学概要 [M]. 南京:中华农学会,1933.
[16] 陈嵘.造林学各论 [M]. 南京:中华农学会,1933.
[17] REUSS H. Die forstliche bestandesgrundung [M]. Berlin Heidelberg: Springer 1907.
[18] 郝景盛.造林学 [M].4版. 重庆:商务印书馆,1944.
[19] COTTA H. Anweisung zum waldbau(directions for silviculture)[J]. Dresden: Arnoldsche Buchh, 1817.
[20] 沈国舫,关玉秀,齐宗庆, 等.北京市西山地区适地适树问题的研究[J]. 北京林学院学报,1980(1):32-46.
[21] 郝祖渊,詹昭宁. 辽宁省人工林立地指数同气候和地形因素的关系[J]. 林业调查规划设计,1980(1): 11-17.
[22] 张康健,薛德自,孙长忠渭. 黄土高原油松数址化立地质盆得分表的编制及其应用[J]. 林业科技通讯,1984(5):16-21.
[23] 王斌瑞,高志义,刘荩忱,等. 山西吉县黄土残源沟壑区刺槐数量化立地指数表的编制及其在造林地立地条件类型划分中的应用[J]. 北京林学院学报,1982(3):116-128.
[24] 朱金兆. 晋西黄土残抓沟壑区立地条件类型划分的研究[J]. 北京林学院学报,1985(1): 25-37.
[25] CARMEAN W H. Forest site quality evaluation in the United States [J]. Advances in Agronomy, 1975,27:209-269
[26] 顾云春. 巴登-符腾堡分类法与中国立地分类[J]. 林业资源管理,1993(2):46-49.
[27] BARNES B V, PREGITZER K S, SPIES T A,et al. Ecological forest site classification. [J]. Journal of Forestry, 1982, 80(8): 493-498.
[28] HUTCHINSON G E. Concluding remarks[J]. Cold Spring Harbor Symposia on Quantitative Biology, 1957, 22(2): 415-427.
[29] LIEBIG J. Die organische chemie in ihrer anwendung auf agricultur und physiologie(organic chemistry in its applications to agriculture and physiology)[M]. Braunschweig, Germany:Friedrich Vieweg und Sohn Publ Co, 1840.
[30] LEBAUER D S,TRESERDER K K. Nitrogen limitation of net primary productivity in terrestrial ecosystems is globally distributed [J]. Ecology, 2008, 89(2): 371-379.
[31] ALLEN G J, CHU S P, HARRINGTON C L, et al. A defined range of guard cell calcium oscillation parameters encodes stomatal movements [J]. Nature, 2001, 411: 1053-1057.
[32] CLARKSON D T. Calcium transport between tissues and its distribution in the plant [J]. Plant, Cell & Environment, 1984, 7: 449-456.
[33] 乔璐. 森林土壤化学元素含量的空间异质性与树种多样性沿纬度梯度的变化规律[D]. 北京:中国科学院研究生院,2012.
[34] MARSCHNER H, MARSCHIER P. Mineral nutrition of higher plants [M]. New York: Academic Press, 2012.
[35] LIETH H, BOX E. Evapotranspiration and primary productivity: C.W. Thornthwaite Memorial Model[C]//MATHER J R. Papers on selected topics in climatology. Elmer, New Jersey: C W Thornthwaite Associates, 1972.
[36] 孙祥钟,王微勤,李清义. 中国植物志:第8卷 [M]. 北京:科学出版社,1992:1131-1146.

Last Update: 2017-03-23