我们的网站为什么显示成这样?

可能因为您的浏览器不支持样式,您可以更新您的浏览器到最新版本,以获取对此功能的支持,访问下面的网站,获取关于浏览器的信息:

|Table of Contents|

祁连山鲜黄小檗灌丛穿透雨特征及其影响因素(PDF/HTML)

《南京林业大学学报(自然科学版)》[ISSN:1000-2006/CN:32-1161/S]

Issue:
2017年02期
Page:
97-102
Column:
研究论文
publishdate:
2017-03-23

Article Info:/Info

Title:
Characteristics of the throughfall of Berberis diaphana and the factors influencing it in the Qilian Mountain
Article ID:
1000-2006(2017)02-0097-06
Author(s):
WAN Yanfang1 3 LIU Xiande1 2* YU Pengtao3 MA Rui1 WANG Shunli2 WANG Yanhui3 LI Xiaoqing1 3
1. Forestry College, Gansu Agricultural University, Lanzhou 730070, China;
2. Academy of Water Resources Conservation Forest in Qilian Mountain of Gansu Province, Zhangye 734000, China;
3. Research Institute of Forest Ecology, Environment and Protection, Chinese Academy of Forestry, Beijing 100091, China
Keywords:
Berberis diaphana shrub canopy structure throughfall rainfall the Qilian Mountains
Classification number :
S715.2
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.2017.02.014
Document Code:
A
Abstract:
【Objective】In this study, the characteristics of throughfall and the factors influencing it were examined at the scale of individual Berberis diaphana shrubs in the small watershed of Pailugou, the Qilian Mountain. The findings will facilitate quantification of the ecohydrological functions of the shrub in the Qilian Mountain. 【Method】On the basis of an investigation of population characteristics, three representative individuals of B. diaphana were selected as sample shrubs on the lower part of a slope at an elevation of 2 600 m. Three radial sections along the branch radial direction were set up for each sample shrub and containers were installed at each radial section to collect the throughfall from each rainfall event. The throughfall for each rainfall event and parameters of canopy structure were measured. Based on these measurements, then we analyzed the relationship between throughfall and the canopy parameters. 【Result】① During the entire experimental period, the mean throughfall ratio of individual shrubs was 55.1%. However, at some sample sites, a throughfall ratio of greater than 100% was observed. This latter observation could be attributed to the fact that rainfall is concentrated by the canopy. ② The increasing throughfall of B. diaphana shrubs showed a significantly positive linear correlation with the increasing rainfall amount(P <0.01); however, the relationship between the throughfall ratio and the rainfall amount could be fitted with a logarithmic curve(P <0.05). ③ With respect to the horizontal structure of the canopy, the mean throughfall ratio increased from 25.93% at a distance of 10 cm from the shrub core to 74.45% at a distance of 90 cm from the shrub core. The largest increment in throughfall ratio was recorded at a distance of 50-70 cm from the core, which accounted for 41.19% of the total increment for the distance of 10-90 cm from the shrub core. The mean throughfall ratio decreased with increasing canopy thickness. Leaf area index(LAI)affected the throughfall ratio to some extent, with the effect being stronger when the rainfall was light. 【Conclusion】The characteristics of canopy structure, such as canopy thickness, LAI and branch angle, are key factors influencing the spatial distribution of throughfall in B. diaphana shrubs.

References

[1] ABOAL J R, MORALES D, HERNáNDEZ M, et al. The measurement and modelling of the variation of stemflow in a laurel forest in Tenerife, Canary Islands[J]. Journal of Hydrology, 1999, 221(221): 161-175. DOI: 10.1016/S0022-1694(99)00086-4.
[2] 曹云, 黄志刚, 郑华, 等. 柑桔园林下穿透雨的分布特征[J]. 水科学进展, 2007, 18(6): 853-857. DOI: 10.3321/j.issn.1001-6791.2007.06.011. CAO Y, HUANG Z G, ZHENG H, et al. Variation characteristics of throughfall in citrus orchard[J]. Advances in Water Science, 2007, 18(6):853-857.
[3] 王少昆, 赵学勇, 左小安, 等. 科尔沁沙地小叶锦鸡儿灌丛下土壤水分对降雨响应的空间变异性[J]. 干旱区研究, 2008, 25(3): 389-393. WANG S K, ZHAO X Y, ZUO X A, et al. Spatial variability of the response of soil moisture content under Caragana microphylla shrubbery to rainfall in the Horqin sand land[J]. Arid Zone Research, 2008, 25(3): 389-393.
[4] LEVIA D F, FROST E E. A review and evaluation of stemflow literature in the hydrologic and biogeochemical cycles of forested and agricultural ecosystems[J]. Journal of Hydrology, 2003, 274(1/4): 1-29. DOI: 10.1016/S0022-1694(02)00399-2.
[5] 王金叶, 王艺林, 金博文, 等. 干旱半干旱区山地森林的水分调节功能[J]. 林业科学, 2001, 37(5): 120-125. DOI: 10.3321/j.issn.1001-7488.2001.05.021. WANG J Y, WANG Y L, JIN B W, et al. Studies on regulating function of hydrology and microclimate in arid and semi-arid area of West China[J]. Scientia Silvae Sinicae, 2001, 37(5): 120-125.
[6] 张学龙, 罗龙发, 敬文茂, 等. 祁连山青海云杉林截留对降水的分配效应[J]. 山地学报, 2007, 25(6): 678-683. DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1008-2786.2007.06.006. ZHANG X L, LUO L F, JING W M, et al. Study on the distribution effect of canopy interception of Picea crassifolia forest in the Qilian Mountains[J]. Journal of Mountain Science, 2007, 25(6): 678-683.
[7] 田风霞, 赵传燕, 冯兆东, 等. 祁连山青海云杉林冠生态水文效应及其影响因素[J]. 生态学报, 2012, 32(4): 1066-1076. DOI: 10.5846/stxb201012261845. TIAN F X, ZHAO C Y, FENG Z D, et al. Eco-hydrological effects of Qinghai spruce(Picea crassifolia)canopy and its influence factors in the Qilian Mountains[J]. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2012, 32(4): 1066-1067.
[8] 张平, 刘贤德, 张学龙, 等. 祁连山林草复合流域灌木林水文生态功能研究[J]. 干旱区地理, 2013, 36(5): 922-929. ZHANG P, LIU X D, ZHANG X L, et al. Shrubbery eco-hydrological effect of forest-grass catchment of Qilian Mountains[J]. Arid Land Geography, 2013, 36(5): 922-929.
[9] 刘章文, 陈仁升, 宋耀选, 等. 祁连山典型灌丛降雨截留特征[J]. 生态学报, 2012, 32(4): 1337-1346. DOI: 10.5846/stxb201012211822 LIU Z W, CHEN R S, SONG Y X, et al. Characteristics of rainfall interception for four typical shrubs in Qilian Mountain[J]. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2012, 32(4): 1337-1346.
[10] 车克钧, 傅辉恩. 贺红元. 祁连山水源涵养林效益的研究[J]. 林业科学, 1992, 28(6): 544-548. CHE K J, FU H E, HE H Y, et al. Studies on the effects of water conservation forest in the Qilian Mountain[J]. Scientia Silvae Sinicae, 1992, 28(6): 544-548.
[11] 马瑞, 刘贤德, 肖洪浪, 等. 祁连山区甘青锦鸡儿灌丛单株的穿透雨分布特征[J]. 林业科学, 2015, 51(7): 136-141. DOI: 10.11707/j.1001-7488.20150715. MA R, LIU X D, XIAO H L, et al. Distribution of throughfall under the shrub canopy of single Caragana tangutica clump in the Qilian Mountains[J]. Scientia Silvae Sinicae, 2015, 51(7): 136-141.
[12] MARIN C T, BOUTEN W, SEVINK J. Gross rainfall and its partitioning into throughfall, stemflow and evaporation of intercepted water in four forest ecosystems in western Amazonia[J]. Journal of Hydrology, 2000, 237(1/2): 40-57. DOI: 10.1016/S0022-1694(00)00301-2.
[13] GóMEZ J A, VANDERLINDEN K,GIRáLDEZ J V, et al. Rainfall concentration under olive trees[J]. Agricultural Water Management, 2002, 55(1): 53-70. DOI: 10.1016/S0378-3774(01)00181-0.
[14] 杨志鹏, 李小雁, 孙永亮, 等. 毛乌素沙地沙柳灌丛降雨截留与树干茎流特征[J]. 水科学进展, 2008, 19(5): 693-698. DOI: 10.3321/j.issn:1001-6791.2008.05.014. YANG Z P, LI X Y, SUN Y L, et al. Characteristics of rainfall interception and stem flow for Salix psammophila in Maowusu sandland, northwest China[J]. Advances in Water Science, 2008, 19(5): 693-698.
[15] 徐先英, 严平, 郭树江, 等. 干旱荒漠区绿洲边缘典型固沙灌木的降水截留特征[J]. 中国沙漠, 2013, 33(1): 141-145. DOI: 10.7522/j.issn.1000-694X.2013.00020. XU X Y, YAN P, GUO S J, et al. The interception loss of rainfall by three sand-fixing shrubs at the fringe of Minqin Oasis[J]. Journal of Desert Research, 2013, 33(1): 141-145.
[16] 王新平, 康尔泗, 张景光, 等. 荒漠地区主要固沙灌木的降水截留特征[J]. 冰川冻土, 2004, 26(1): 89-94. DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-0240.2004.01.013. WANG X P, KANG E S, ZHANG J G, et al. Comparison of interception loss in shrubby and sub-shrubby communities in the tengger desert of Northwest China[J]. Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology, 2004, 26(1): 89-94.
[17] NáVAR J, BRYAN R. Interception loss and rainfall redistribution by three semi-arid growing shrubs in northeastern Mexico[J]. Journal of Hydrology, 1990, 115(1/4): 51-63. DOI: 10.1016/0022-1694(90)90197-6.
[18] 时忠杰, 王彦辉, 熊伟, 等. 单株华北落叶松树冠穿透降雨的空间异质性[J]. 生态学报, 2006, 26(9): 2877-2886. DOI: 10.3321/j.issn:1000-0933.2006.09.013. SHI Z J, WANG Y H, XIONG W, et al. The spatial heterogeneity of throughfall under the Larix principis-rupprechtii single tree’s canopy[J]. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2006, 26(9): 2877-2886.

Last Update: 2017-03-23