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百里杜鹃国家森林公园优势种生态位研究(PDF/HTML)

《南京林业大学学报(自然科学版)》[ISSN:1000-2006/CN:32-1161/S]

Issue:
2017年02期
Page:
175-180
Column:
研究简报
publishdate:
2017-03-23

Article Info:/Info

Title:
Niches of the main plant species in Baili Rhododendron National Forest Park
Article ID:
1000-2006(2017)02-0175-06
Author(s):
WU Qiannan1 DONG Jianwen13 ZHEN Yu2 FU Weicong1 LI Hui1 ZHU Zhipeng1CHEN Ziru1 DING Guochang13*
1. College of Landscape Architecture, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou 350002, China;
2. Department of Geographic Science, Minjiang University, Fuzhou 350002, China;
3.National Engineering Research Center for the Forest Park, Fuzhou 350002, China
Keywords:
Rhododendron community niche breadth Pianka’s niche overlap value Baili Rhododendron National Forest Park
Classification number :
S718.5
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.2017.02.026
Document Code:
A
Abstract:
【Objective】 Gain a better understanding of the ability of plants to utilize resources and to occupy space, provide fundamental information for operation and management.【Method】 We explored the niches of dominant species in Baili Rhododendron National Forest Park based on niche breadth, niche similarity and Pianka’s calculation method of niche overlap. 【Result】 ① Rhododendron delavayi, R. agastum, R. irroratum and R. simsii were the main species in the community, and their niche breadths were 1.709, 1.576, 1.411 and 1.062, respectively. ②There was a low degree of niche similarity among species within the community, which indicated that they had a low similarity of resource use. There was no obvious correlation between niche similarity and niche breadths. ③ There were more opportunities for species with large niche breadths to overlap with other species; however, their overlap value was not necessarily larger. 【Conclusion】 The species with larger niche breadths are from the Ericaceae, and R. delavayi and R. irroratum have lower niche overlap. This may be connected mainly with bio-ecological characters, which is the result of population adaptability to long-term resource utilization. The results pertaining to the niche of dominant species should be taken into consideration when developing more suitable measures for the protection of forest communities and landscape enhancement.

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Last Update: 2017-03-23