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基于EKC曲线的北京市绿地生态服务价值研究(PDF/HTML)

《南京林业大学学报(自然科学版)》[ISSN:1000-2006/CN:32-1161/S]

Issue:
2017年02期
Page:
181-186
Column:
研究简报
publishdate:
2017-03-23

Article Info:/Info

Title:
Analysis of environmental Kuznets curve-based ecosystem services of urban green space:a case study of Beijing City
Article ID:
1000-2006(2017)02-0181-06
Author(s):
WANG Yafei QIU Erfa* HAN Yuli
Key Laboratory of Forest Silviculture,Research Center of Urban Forest, State Forestry Administration, Forestry Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Forestry, Beijing 100091, China
Keywords:
urban green space real GDP per capita environmental pollution ecological services value Beijing City
Classification number :
S731; F062.2
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.2017.02.027
Document Code:
A
Abstract:
【Objective】We introduce the concept of social property to provide a theoretical basis for including social development factors in the estimation of ecosystem services in urban green space. 【Method】Using Beijing City as a case study, we used the environmental Kuznets curve and Wolfram Alpha Computational Knowledge Engine to analyze the effects of ecosystem services in urban green space on the local economy, using the current levels of environmental pollution and social development in Beijing City. 【Result】① Per capita carbon emissions, regional environmental noise, SO2 emissions, NOx emissions and soot emissions were all significantly correlated with per capita GDP, but not with wastewater discharge or chemical oxygen demand(COD). The simulations of a three-degree univariate polynomial equation between per capita GDP and per capita carbon emissions, regional environmental noise, and emissions of SO2 and NOx were all significant, with R2 >0.7 for all. The relationship between per capita carbon emissions and per capita GDP presented an inverted “U” shape, and both of the relationships between per capita GDP and the regional environmental noise and SO2 concentration showed an inverted “N” shape. These three relationships all showed a “y=0” point; ② The impact coefficients of per capita GDP on per capita carbon emissions, regional environmental noise and SO2 emissions were 0.67, 0.68 and 0.91, respectively. ③ In 2010, the ecological service values of CO2 sequestration, O2 release, noise reduction and SO2 absorption of urban green space were(RMB)8 064.157 4, 6.287 3, 1 193.491 3 and 16.690 1 million yuan respectively basing on the traditional estimation methods, while their values changed to(RMB)5 402.985 5, 4.212 5, 811.574 1 and 15.188 0 million yuan respectively when taking economic factors into account. 【Conclusion】Social properties should be included in the ecosystem service estimation of urban green space, as the service values depend on the level of economic development of the city. CO2 sequestration,O2 release, noise reduction and SO2 absorption had the obvious impact coefficients, and Per capita GDP had a significant impact on these ecosystem services. It means that social properties should be included in the ecosystem service estimation of urban green space, but how to estimate all of the ecosystem services by using the environmental Kuznets curve is needed to be investigated farther.

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Last Update: 2017-03-23