我们的网站为什么显示成这样?

可能因为您的浏览器不支持样式,您可以更新您的浏览器到最新版本,以获取对此功能的支持,访问下面的网站,获取关于浏览器的信息:

|Table of Contents|

完全淹水解除后‘中山杉407’生长及光合特性的恢复(PDF)

《南京林业大学学报(自然科学版)》[ISSN:1000-2006/CN:32-1161/S]

Issue:
2017年05期
Page:
191-196
Column:
研究简报
publishdate:
2017-09-30

Article Info:/Info

Title:
The growth and photosynthesis characters of Taxodium hybrid ‘Zhongshanshan 407' following the de-submergence
Article ID:
1000-2006(2017)05-0191-06
Author(s):
HUA Jianfeng1 HAN Luwan1 WANG Zhiquan12 SHI Qin1 YIN Yunlong1*
1.Institute of Botany, Jiangsu Province and Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210014, China; 2.College of Forestry, Nanjing Forestry University, Nanjing 210037, China
Keywords:
Keywords:Taxodium hybrid submergence recovery growth photosynthesis
Classification number :
S761.1
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.201606025
Document Code:
A
Abstract:
【Objective】Determining the growth and photosynthesis of the Taxodium hybrid ‘Zhongshanshan 407'(T. mucronatum Tenore ♀ × T. distichum(Linn.)Rich ♂, referred to as T. ‘407')recovering from three-month submergence stress could provide the basis for vegetation acclimation screening in the wetland ecosystem. 【Methods】Two-year-old T. ‘407' were subjected to three months' submersion treatment(S)in this study; controls(CK)were not submerged. Photosynthesis and chlorophyll fluorescence parameters of T. ‘407' were measured using a LI-6400XT gas exchange system and OS1p portable modulation fluorometer. Then, plant growth indexes were measured after 10 months during recovery. 【Results】The net photosynthetic rate(Pn), stomatal conductance(Gs)and transpiration rate(Tr)of T. ‘407' in the S treatment were significantly higher than those in CK after submersion, whereas water use efficiency(EWUE)showed the opposite trend. In addition, chlorophyll fluorescence of T. ‘407' in the S treatment maintained a certain level during the recovery process. The parameters of variable fluorescence(Fv), potential activity of PSII(Fv/F0), light conversion efficiency(Fv/Fm), actual photochemical efficiency(ΦPSⅡ), and electron transport rate(VETR)of T. ‘407' exhibited no significant differences between S and CK treatments. Moreover, no significant differences were found in total and shoot biomass between S and CK treatments after 10 months of recovery.【Conclusion】T. ‘407' adjusted its growth and photosynthesis strategies to adapt to de-submergence; it is thus very promising species for ecological restoration in wetland ecosystems such as the Three Gorges Reservoir area. Furthermore, this study provided a scientific basis for ecosystem restoration and plant screening in wetlands.

References

[1] 王海锋,曾波,李娅,等. 长期完全水淹对4种三峡库区岸生植物存活及恢复生长的影响[J]. 植物生态学报,2008,32(5):977-984. DOI:10.3773/j.issn.1005-264x.2008.05.001. WANG H F, ZENG B, LI Y,et al.Effects of long-term of submegence on survival and recovery growth of four riparian plant species in Three Gorges Reservoir Region,China[J].Journal of Plant Ecology, 2008, 32(5): 977-984.
[2] 李娅,曾波,叶小齐,等.水淹对三峡库区岸生植物秋华柳(Salix variegata Franch.)存活和恢复生长的影响[J]. 生态学报,2008,28(5):1923-1930. DOI:10.3321/j.issn:1000-0933.2008.05.005. LI Y, ZENG B, YE X Q, et al. The effects of flooding on survival and recovery growth of the riparian plant Salix variegata Franch. in Three Gorges Reservoir region[J]. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2008, 28(5): 1923-1930.
[3] 艾丽皎.南川柳对三峡消落带干湿交替环境的生理生态响应研究[D].南京:南京林业大学,2013. AI L J.Physiological and ecological responses of Salix rosthornii to alternating flooding and drought conditions of Three Gorges water-level fluctuating zone[D]. Nanjing: Nanjing Forestry University, 2013.
[4] 衣英华.淹水对三峡库区几种植物的生理生态影响[D]. 北京:中国科学院植物研究所,2006:2-3. YI Y H.The effects of waterlogglng on eco physiological characteristics of several plants of Three Gorges Resevroir areas[D]. Beijing: The Chinese Academy of Sciences, 2006: 2-3.
[5] 秦洪文,刘云峰,刘正学,等. 三峡水库消落区模拟水淹对 2 种木本植物秋华柳Salix variegata 和地果Ficus tikoua生长的影响[J]. 西南师范大学学报(自然科学版),2012,37(10):77-81. DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-5471.2012.10.017. QIN H W, LIU Y F, LIU Z X, et al.Effect of simulated flooding on growth of Salix variegata and Ficus tikoua in the hydro-fluctuation belt of Three Gorges Reservoir Area[J].Journal of Southwest China Normal University(Natual Science Edition), 2012, 37(10):77-81.
[6] YE C, ZHANG K, DENG Q, et al. Plant communities in relation toflooding and soil characteristics in the water level fluctuation zone of the Three Gorges Reservoir, China[J]. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 2013, 20(3): 1794-1802.DOI: 10.1007/s11356-012-1148-x.
[7] 刘泽彬,程瑞梅,肖文发,等.淹水对三峡库区消落带香附子生长及光合特性的影响[J]. 生态学杂志,2013,32(8):2015-2022. LIU Z B, CHENG R M, XIAO W F, et al.Effects of submergence on the growth and photosynthetic characteristics of Rhizoma cyperi in hydro-fluctuation belt of Three Gorges Reservoir area, Southwest China[J]. Chinese Journal of Ecology, 2013, 32(8):2015-2022.
[8] 卢雪琴,夏汉平,彭长连.淹水对5种禾本科植物光合特性的影响[J]. 福建林学院学报,2004,24(4):374-378. DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1001-389X.2004.04.020. LU X Q, XIA H P, PENG C L. The effects of submergence on the photosynthetic characteristics of five Grasses[J].Journal of Fujian College of Forestry, 2004, 24(4):374-378.
[9] 乔普.水淹对三峡库区岸生植物野古草(Arundinella anomala Steud.)繁殖的影响[D]. 重庆:西南大学,2008:7-41. QIAO P. The effect of flooding on the reproduction of Arundinella anomala Steud[D].Chongqing: Southwest University, 2008: 7-41.
[10] 殷云龙,於朝广. 中山杉——落羽杉属树木杂交选育[M]. 北京: 中国林业出版社, 2005: 2. YIN Y L, YU C G. Hybridization between Taxodium species[M].Beijing: China Forestry Publishing House, 2005: 2.
[11] 华建峰,殷云龙,周冬琴,等.不同水分条件对中山杉406生长与生理的影响[J]. 生态与农村环境学报,2011,27(6):50-54. DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1673-4831.2011.06.009. HUA J F, YIN Y L, ZHOU D Q, et al. Effects of soil water conditions on growth and physiology of Taxodium ‘Zhongshanshan 406'[J]. Journal of Ecology and Rural Environment, 2011, 27(6):50-54.
[12] 於朝广,殷云龙.落羽杉属树木种间杂交选育研究进展[J]. 江苏林业科技,2008,35(2):39-46.DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1001-7380.2008.02.012. YU C G, YIN Y L. Review on cross-breeding between different species of Taxodium[J]. Journal of Jiangsu Forestry Science & Technology, 2008, 35(2):39-46.
[13] 李昌晓,钟章成. 模拟三峡库区消落带土壤水分变化条件下落羽杉与池杉幼苗的光合特性比较[J]. 林业科学,2005,41(6):28-34. DOI: 10.3321/j.issn:1001-7488.2005.06.005. LI C X, ZHONG Z C. Comparative studies on photosynthetic characteristics of Taxodium distichum and Taxodium ascendensseedlings under simulated soil water change in the hydro-fluctuation belt of Three Gorges Reservoir area[J].Scientia Silvae Sinicae, 2005, 41(6):28-34.
[14] 李永荣,刘永智,陆小清,等. 8 个中山杉新无性系耐盐力的水培试验研究[J]. 江苏林业科技,2007,34(5):1-4. DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1001-7380.2007.05.001. LI Y R, LIU Y Z, LU X Q, et al. Study on salt tolerance of eight new clones of ‘Zhongshansha' breeding for genus Taxodium[J].Journal of Jiangsu Forestry Science & Technology, 2007, 34(5):1-4.
[15] 殷云龙,於朝广,华建峰,等.重庆万州三峡库区消落带中山杉造林试验[J]. 林业科技开发,2014,28(2):110-114. DOI: 10.13360/j.issn.1000-8101.2014.02.030. YIN Y L, YU C G, HUA J F, et al. A trial on the silviculture of Taxodium hybrid ‘Zhonshanshan118' planted in the hydro-fluctuation belt of the Three Gorges Reservoir within the Wanzhou District area of Chongqing City[J].China Forestry Science and Technology, 2014, 28(2):110-114.
[16] 张艳婷,张建军,吴晓洪,等.长江三峡库区消落带中山杉耐淹试验[J]. 中国水土保持科学,2015,13(2):56-62. DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1672-3007.2015.02.009. ZHANG Y T, ZHANG J J, WU X H, et al. Flooding tolerance of Taxodium hybrid ‘Zhongshanshan' along the hydro-fluctuation belt of the Three Gorges Reservoir[J].Science of Soil and Water Conservation, 2015, 35(2):56-62.
[17] 韩路弯,施钦,宣磊,等. 淹水胁迫下中山杉及落羽杉的生长特性研究[J]. 浙江林业科技,2017,37(3):1-7. DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1001-3776.2017.03.001. HAN L W, SHI Q, XUAN L, et al. Growth trait of Taxodium ‘Zhongshanshan' and T. distichum under different waterlogging stress[J]. Journal of Zhejiang Forestry Science and Technology, 2017,37(3): 1-7.
[18] QI B, YANG Y, YIN Y, et al. De novo sequencing, assembly, and analysis of the Taxodium ‘Zhongshansa' roots and shoots transcriptome in response to short-term waterlogging[J]. BMC Plant Biol, 2014, 14(1): 201.DOI: 10.1186/s12870-014-0201-y.
[19] BORELLA J, AMARANTE L D, OLIVEIRADSC D, et al. Waterlogging-induced changes in fermentative metabolism in roots and nodules of soybean genotypes[J]. Scientia Agricola, 2014, 71(6): 499-508. DOI: 10.1590/0103-9016-2014-0044.
[20] PANDA D, SHARMA S G, SARKAR R K. Chlorophyll fluorescence parameters, CO2 photosynthetic rate and regeneration capacity as a result of complete submergence and subsequent re-emergence in rice(Oryza sativa L.)[J]. Aquatic Botany, 2008, 88(2): 127-133. DOI: 10.1016/j.aquabot.2007.08.012.
[21] TANAKA K, MASUMORI M, YAMANOSHITA T, et al. Morphological and anatomical changes of Melaleuca cajuputi under submergence[J]. Trees, 2011, 25(4): 695-704.DOI: 10.1007/s00468-011-0547-9.
[22] 李兆佳,熊高明,邓龙强,等. 狗牙根与牛鞭草在三峡库区消落带水淹结束后的抗氧化酶活力[J]. 生态学报,2013,33(11):3362-3369. DOI: 10.5846/stxb201203140342. LI Z J, XIONG G M, DENG L Q, et al. Dynamics of antioxidant enzyme activities in roots of Cynodon dactylon and Hemarthria altissima recovering from annual flooding[J]. Acta Ecologica Sinaca, 2013, 33(11):3362-3369.
[23] 裴顺祥,洪明,郭泉水,等. 三峡库区消落带水淹结束后狗牙根的光合生理生态特性[J]. 生态学杂志,2014,33(12):3222-3229. PEI S X, HONG M, GUO Q S, et al. Photosynthetic characteristics of Cynodon dactylon in hydro-fluctuation belt of Three Gorges Reservoir at the end of flooding[J]. Chinese Journal of Ecology, 2014, 33(12):3222-3229.
[24] 张守仁. 叶绿素荧光动力学参数的意义及讨论[J]. 植物学通报,1999,16(4):444-448. ZHANG S R. A Discussion on chlorophyll fluorescence kinetics parameters and their significance[J]. Chinese Bulletin of Botany, 1999, 16(4): 444-448.
[25] 周婵,郭晓云,王仁忠,等. 松嫩草地虎尾草光合与蒸腾作用的研究[J]. 草业学报,2001,10(1):42-47. DOI: 10.3321/j.issn:1004-5759.2001.01.006. ZHOU C, GUO X Y, WANG R Z, et al. Research on photosynthesis and transpiration of Chloris virgata on Songnen grassland[J].Acta Prataculturae Sinica, 2001, 10(1):42-47.
[26] 潘澜,薛立. 植物淹水胁迫的生理学机制研究进展[J]. 生态学杂志,2012,31(10):2662-2672. PAN L, XUE L. Plant physiological mechanisms in adapting to waterlogging stress: a review[J].Chinese Journal of Ecology, 2012, 31(10):2662-2672.
[27] MIELKE M S, ALMEIDA A F F D, GOMES F P, et al. Leaf gas exchange, chlorophyll fluorescence and growth responses of Genipa americana seedlings to soil flooding[J]. Environmental and Experimental Botany, 2003, 50(3): 221-231. DOI: 10.1016/s0098-8472(03)00036-4.
[28] PAROLIN P, LUCAS C, PIEDADE M T, et al. Drought responses of flood-tolerant trees in Amazonian floodplains[J]. Annals of Botany, 2010, 105(1): 129-139. DOI:10.1093/aob/mcp258.
[29] ROOD S B, NIELSEN J L, SHENTON L, et al. Effects of flooding on leaf development, transpiration, and photosynthesis in narrowleaf cottonwood, a willow-like poplar[J]. Photosynthesis Research, 2010, 104(1): 31-39.DOI: 10.1007/s11120-009-9511-6.
[30] RIAZ A, YOUNIS A, TAJ A R, et al. Effect of drought stress on growth and flowering of Marigold(Tagetes erecta L.)[J]. Pakistan Journal of Botany, 2013, 45(S1): 123-131.
[31] NADA R M, KHEDR A H A, SERAG M S,et al. Growth, photosynthesis and stress-inducible genes of Phragmites australis (Cav.)trin.Ex. Steudel from different habitats[J]. Aquatic Botany, 2015, 124: 54-62. DOI: 10.1016/j.aquabot.2015.03.007.
[32] LOUCKSW L, KEEN R A. Submersion tolerance of selected seedling trees[J]. Journal of Forestry, 1973, 71(8): 496-497.
[33] YU X, LUO N, YAN J, et al. Differential growth response and carbohydrate metabolism of global collection of perennial ryegrass accessions to submergence and recovery following de-submergence[J]. Journal of Plant Physiology, 2012, 169(11): 1040-1049. DOI: 10.1016/j.jplph.2012.03.001.
[34] VOESENEK L A, COLMER T D, PIERIK R, et al. How plants cope with complete submergence[J]. New Phytologist, 2006, 170(2): 213-216. DOI: 10.1111/j.1469-8137.2006.01692.x.
[35] PAROLIN P. Submerged in darkness: adaptations to prolonged submergence by woody species of the Amazonian floodplains[J]. Annals of Botany, 2009, 103(2): 359-376. DOI: 10.1093/aob/mcn216.
[36] 韦继光,曾其龙,姜燕琴,等. 干旱和淹水处理对蓝浆果生长和光合特性的影响[J]. 植物资源与环境学报,2015,24(1):54-60. DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-7895.2015.01.08. WEI J G, ZENG Q L, JIANG Y Q, et al. Influence of drought and flooding treatments on growth and photosynthetic characteristics of blueberry(Vaccinium spp.)[J]. Journal of Plant Resources and Environment, 2015, 24(1):54-60.
[37] 张会慧,张秀丽,胡彦波,等.中碱钠盐胁迫对桑树幼苗生长及光合特性的影响[J]. 南京林业大学学报(自然科学版), 2013, 37(1): 55-60. ZHANG H H,ZHANG X L,HU Y B, et al. Effects of NaCl and Na2CO3 stresses on growth and photosynthetic characteristics of mulberry seedlings[J]. Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Sciences Edition), 2013, 37(1): 55-60.
[38] 卓仁英,陈益泰. 木本植物抗涝性研究进展[J]. 林业科学研究,2001,14(2):215-222. DOI: 10.3321/j.issn:1001-1498.2001.02.015. ZHUO R Y, CHEN Y T. Advances in waterlogging-resistance of woody plants[J]. 2001, 14(2):215-222.
[39] 靖元孝,陈兆平,杨丹菁. 香根草(Vetiveria zizanioides)对淹水的反应和适应初报[J]. 华南师范大学学报(自然科学版),2001,33(4):40-43. DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-5463.2001.04.009. JING Y X, CHEN Z P, YANG D Q. Preliminarystudy on response and adaptions to flooding of vetiver(Vetiveria zizanioides)[J]. Journal of South China Normal University(Natural Science Edition), 2001, 33(4):40-43.
[40] YIN D M, CHEN S M, CHEN F D, et al. Morpho-anatomical and physiological responses of two Dendranthemaspecies to waterlogging[J]. Environmental and Experimental botany, 2010, 68(2): 122-130. DOI: 10.1016/j.envexpbot.2009.11.008.

Last Update: 1900-01-01