我们的网站为什么显示成这样?

可能因为您的浏览器不支持样式,您可以更新您的浏览器到最新版本,以获取对此功能的支持,访问下面的网站,获取关于浏览器的信息:

|Table of Contents|

氮素指数施肥对夏蜡梅幼苗生长、养分分配的影响(PDF)

《南京林业大学学报(自然科学版)》[ISSN:1000-2006/CN:32-1161/S]

Issue:
2017年06期
Page:
134-140
Column:
研究论文
publishdate:
2017-11-30

Article Info:/Info

Title:
Effects of nitrogen exponential fertilization on growth and nutrient distribution of Sinocalycanthus chinensis seedlings
Article ID:
1000-2006(2017)06-0134-07
Author(s):
TANG Guilan1 LIU Xiaoxing2 LU Jianguo2
1.College of Civil Engineering,Nanjing Forestry University, Nanjing 210037, China; 2.College of Landscape Architecture, Nanjing Forestry University, Nanjing 210037, China
Keywords:
Keywords:Sinocalycanthus chinensis exponential fertilization nutrient distribution nitrogen
Classification number :
S722
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.201604043
Document Code:
A
Abstract:
【Objective】This paper provides the theoretical background for selecting the ideal nitrogen level for Sinocalycanthus chinensis seedlings and conducting nursery production on a large scale. 【Method】Exponential fertilization using nitrogen was conducted for S. chinensis seedlings at five levels(0, 149, 273, 412 and 550 mg/tree). 【Result】The seedling morphology indices related to growth rate increased with an increase in the N application rate when nitrogen levels were between 149-273 mg/tree. The morphological indicators tended to be stable when the N supply was higher than 412 mg/tree. Between nitrogen levels of 149-273 mg/tree, the distribution ratio of N and K in the roots and stems increased with an increase in the nitrogen application rate, while that of P decreased; however, the distribution ratios of N and K in the leaves decreased, while that of P increased. The highest N, P and K nutrient contents of the seedlings were observed when the nitrogen application rate was 412 mg/tree. The highest nutrient absorption and utilization efficiency results were observed for nitrogen levels of 149-273 mg/tree. 【Conclusion】Exponential fertilization using nitrogen at levels of 273-412 mg/tree was most beneficial for seedling growth, and June and July were the peak months in which strongest effects of fertilization on seedling growth were observed.

References

[1] 曹翠玲,李生秀,苗芳.氮素对植物某些生理生化过程影响的研究进展[J].西北农业大学学报,1999,27(4):96-101. CAO C L,LI S X,MIAO F. Advances in effects of nitrogen on some physiological and biochemical processes of plants[J]. Journal of Northwest Agricultural University, 1999,27(4):96-101.
[2] TIMMER V R,MUNSON A D. Site-specific growth and nutrient of planted Picea mariana in the Ontario Clay Belt. IV. nitrogen loading response[J].Canadian Journal of Forest Research,1991,21(7):1058-1065.
[3] SALIFU K F,TIMMER V R. Nitrogen retraslocation response of young Picea mariana to nitrogen-15 supply[J].Soil Science Society of America Journal,2003,67:309-318. DOI:10.2136/sssaj2003.3090.
[4] 刘洲鸿,刘勇,段树生.不同水分条件下施肥对侧柏苗木生长及抗旱性的影响[J].北京林业大学学报,2002,24(5/6):56-60. DOI:10.3321/j.issn:1000-1522.2002.05.011. LIU Z H, LIU Y,DUAN S S. Effects of fertilization under different water conditions on growth and drought resistance[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2002,24(5/6):56-60.
[5] 郝龙飞,刘婷岩,张连飞.氮素指数施肥对白桦播种苗养分承载和光合作用的影响[J].北京林业大学学报,2014,36(6):17-23. DOI:10.13332/j.cnki.jbfu.2014.06.006. HAO L F,LIU T Y,ZHANG L F. Effects of nitrogen exponential fertilization on nutrient bearing and photosynthesis of Betula platyphylla seedling [J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2014,36(6):17-23.
[6] MALIK V, TIMMER V R. Biomass partitioning and nitrogen retraslocation in black spruce seedlings on competitive mixed wood sites: a bioassay study[J].Canada Journal of Forestry Research,1998,28:206-215. DOI:10.1139/cjfr-28-2-206.
[7] QUORESHI A M,TIMMER V R. Early outplanting performance of nutrient-loaded containerized black spruce seedlings inoculated with Laccaria bicolor: a bioassay study[J].Canada Journal of Forestry Research,2000,30:744-752. DOI:10.1139/cjfr-30-5-744.
[8] BOIVIN J R,MILLER B D,TIMMER V R.Late season fertilization of Picea mariana seedlings under greenhouse culture: biomass and nutrient dynamics[J].Annals of Forest Science,2002,59:255-264. DOI:10.1051/forest:2002021.
[9] 马卫平,李银梅,陈静.氮素指数施肥对连香树幼苗生长和生物量分配的影响[J].甘肃农业科技,2014,(11):34-36. DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1001-1463.2014.11.013. MA W P,LI Y M,CHEN J. Effects of nitrogen exponential fertilization on growth and biomass allocation of Cercidiphyllum japonicum seedling [J]. Journal of Gansu Agricultural Sciences, 2014,(11):34-36.
[10] 芦建国,孙姿,唐桂兰.珍稀树种夏蜡梅研究进展[J].林业科技开发,2015,29(4):1-6. DOI:10.13360/j.issn.1000-8101.2015.04.001. LU J G,SUN Z,TANG G L. Research on rare tree species of Sinocalycanthus chinensis[J]. Forestry Science and Technology Development,2015,29(4):1-6.
[11] 张华林,谢耀坚,彭彦.不同浓度指数施肥方法下尾巨桉幼苗需肥规律[J].热带作物学报,2013,34(7):1218-1222. DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2561.2013.07.003. ZHANG H L,XIE Y J,PENG Y. Fertility regularity of Eucalyptus urophylla seedlings under different concentration index fertilization method[J]. Journal of Tropical Crops,2013,34(7):1218-1222.
[12] 鲍士旦.土壤农化分析[M].北京:中国农业出版社,2008.
[13] 彭玉华,郝海坤,曹艳云,等.大叶栎容器苗育苗期的施肥试验[J].西部林业科学,2010,39(4):8-14. DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1672-8246.2010.04.002. PENG Y H, HAO H K,CAO Y Y,et al. Fertilization experiment on seedling stage of container seedling of Quercus griffithii[J]. West Forestry Science,2010,39(4):8-14.
[14] 王冉,何茜,丁晓纲.N素指数施肥对沉香苗期光合生理特性的影响[J].北京林业大学学报,2011,33(6):59-64. WANG R, HE Q, DING X G. Effects of nitrogen exponential fertilization on photosynthetic and physiological characteristics of Aquilaria sinensis seedlings[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University,2011,33(6):59-64.
[15] 郭盛磊,阎秀峰,白冰,等.落叶松幼苗碳素和氮素的获取与分配对供氮水平的响应[J].植物生态学报,2005,29(4):550-558. GUO S L,YAN X F,BAI B,et al. Response of acquisition and distribution about carbon and nitrogen in Larix olgensis seedling to nitrogen supplying[J]. Journal of Plant Ecology,2005,29(4):550-558.
[16] ROBERTS T L.Improving nutrient use efficiency[J].Turkey Journal of Agricultural Forestry,2008,32:177-182.
[17] 张华林.尾巨桉苗期指数施肥及其生理效应研究[D].北京:中国林业科学研究院,2013. ZHANG H L. Study on nitrogen exponential fertilization and physiological effects of Eucalyptus urophylla at seedling stage[D]. Beijing:Chinese Academy of Forestry,2013.
[18] 王力朋,李吉跃,王军辉.指数施肥对楸树无性系幼苗生长和氮素吸收利用效率的影响[J].北京林业大学学报,2012,34(6):56-62. WANG L P,LI J Y,WANG J H. Effects of nitrogen exponential fertilization on growth and nitrogen uptaking efficiency of Catalpa bungei clones seedling [J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2012,34(6):56-62.
[19] 纪凯婷.夏蜡梅幼苗年生长规律和耐盐性研究[D].南京:南京林业大学,2014. JI K T.Research on seedling growth and salt tolerance of Sinocalycanthus chinensis[D].Nanjing: Nanjing Forestry University,2014.
[20] 魏猛.施肥对土壤养分及文冠果生长和养分吸收的影响研究[D].泰安:山东农业大学,2010. WEI M. Study on fertilization effects of soil nutrient and growth and nutrient absorption of Xanthoceras sorbifolium[D]. Taian:Shandong Agricultural University,2010.
[21] 朱玲,张锡良,龙作义,等.氮肥对文冠果苗木质量的影响[J].中国林副特产,2009,23(3):29-31. DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1001-6902.2009.03.011. ZHU L, ZHANG X L, LONG Z Y, et al. Effects of nitrogen on seedling quality of Xanthoceras sorbifolium[J]. China Forest Vice Specialty, 2009,23(3):29-31.
[22] 孙洪助,林春波,孙文华,等.光质对作物光合作用影响的研究进展[J].安徽农业科学,2015,(23):14-16,27. DOI:10.3969/j.issn.0517-6611.2015.23.006. SUN H Z,LIN C B,SUN W H,et al. Research on the effect of light quality on photosynthesis of crop[J]. Anhui Agricultural Sciences,2015,(23):14-16,27.
[23] 赵炳梓,徐富安.水肥条件对小麦、玉米N、P、K吸收的影响[J].植物营养与肥料学报,2000,6(3):260-266. DOI:10.3321/j.issn:1008-505X.2000.03.003. ZHAO B Z,XU F A. Effects of water and fertilizer on N, P, K absorption of wheat and maize[J]. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Fertilizer,2000,6(3):260-266.
[24] 张恩平,张淑红,李天来.无土栽培条件下钾营养对番茄生长发育与N、P、K吸收动态的影响[J].北方园艺,2007,30(4):53-55. ZHANG E P,ZHANG S H,LI T L. Effects of potassium on growth and dynamical absorption of N, P and K in tomato under soilless culture[J]. Northern Gardening,2007,30(4):53-55.
[25] 陈琳,乔志刚,李恋卿.施用生物质炭基肥对水稻产量及氮素利用的影响[J].生态与农村环境学报,2013,29(5):671-675. DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1673-4831.2013.05.023. CHEN L,QIAO Z G,LI L Q. Effects of biomass carbon fertilizer on yield and nitrogen utilization of rice[J]. Journal of Ecology and Rural Environment,2013,29(5):671-675.
[26] 杨腾.施氮对文冠果幼苗生长特性影响研究[D].北京:北京林业大学,2014. YANG T. Effects of nitrogen fertilizer on the growth characteristics of Xanthoceras sorbifolium seedlings[D]. Beijing: Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2014.
[27] 李贺敏,李潮海.白花蛇舌草氮、磷、钾吸收分配特性研究[J].中草药,2007,38(10):1561-1566. DOI:10.3321/j.issn:0253-2670.2007.10.041. LI H M,LI C H. Study on absorption and distribution characteristics of N, P and K of Hedyotis diffusa[J]. Chinese Herbal Medicine, 2007,38(10):1561-1566.
[28] 魏红旭,徐程扬,马履一,等.不同指数施肥方法下长白落叶松播种苗的需肥规律[J].生态学报,2010,30(3):685-690. WEI H X,XU C Y,MA L Y,et al. The law of fertilizer requirement for Larix olgensis seedlings under different exponential fertilization methods[J]. Journal of Ecology,2010,30(3):685-690.
[29] 赵萍萍,王宏庭,郭军玲,等.氮肥用量对夏玉米产量、收益、农学效率及氮肥利用率的影响[J].山西农业科学,2010(11):43-46,80. DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1002-2481.2010.11.14. ZHAO P P,WANG H T,GUO J L,et al. Effects of nitrogen application rate on yield, benefit, agronomic efficiency and nitrogen use efficiency of maize[J]. Shanxi Agricultural Sciences,2010(11):43-46,80.

Last Update: 1900-01-01