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美国山核桃嫁接愈合过程的组织细胞学观察(PDF)

《南京林业大学学报(自然科学版)》[ISSN:1000-2006/CN:32-1161/S]

Issue:
2018年02期
Page:
202-206
Column:
研究简报
publishdate:
2018-03-20

Article Info:/Info

Title:
Histo-cytological observation on the graft union formation in Carya illinoinensis
Article ID:
1000-2006(2018)02-0202-05
Author(s):
YAN Pan1 PENG Fangren1* ZHANG Rui1 CAO Mingmin1 ZHAI Min2 LIU Zhuangzhuang1
1. College of Forestry, Nanjing Forestry University, Nanjing 210037,China; 2. Nanjing Lüzhou Pecan Technology Company,Nanjing 210007, China
Keywords:
Keywords:Carya illinoinensis graft union callus microstructure
Classification number :
S644; Q944.55
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.201703067
Document Code:
A
Abstract:
【Objective】The purpose of this study was to reveal the histo-cytic characteristics of pecan(Carya illinoinensis)during the process of graft union. 【Method】One-year-old scions of the ‘Pawnee' cultivar were grafted on the two-year-old seedlings of ‘Mahan' by cut grafting, and a histo-cytological observation was performed during the process of graft union. 【Result】Four periods in the process of graft union was observed, including the isolation period of scion and rootstock(1-9 d), callus growth period(9-20 d), cambium ring formation period(20-25 d), and new vascular tissue differentiation period(25-40 d). The callus bridge and cambium ring were formed one month after grafting, which was assumed to be the critical period of graft survival. The union cannot be completed in the dead grafts, in which callus cells were less and browning.【Conclusion】Large amounts of callus occurred in scions earlier than that in rootstocks and the leaves unfolded at the stage when the large amounts of callus occurred; the callus mainly formed in cambium; the inhibition of the growth of callus and the interruption of the process of graft union may be the important factor influencing grafting survival. To improve grafting techniques and grafting survival rate, it appears important that the conditions need to be explored to promote the growth of the callus and the formation of cambium ring.

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Last Update: 2018-06-12