我们的网站为什么显示成这样?

可能因为您的浏览器不支持样式,您可以更新您的浏览器到最新版本,以获取对此功能的支持,访问下面的网站,获取关于浏览器的信息:

|Table of Contents|

不同基质条件下丛枝菌根真菌对桑树生长的影响(PDF)

《南京林业大学学报(自然科学版)》[ISSN:1000-2006/CN:32-1161/S]

Issue:
2019年03期
Page:
9-16
Column:
研究论文
publishdate:
2019-05-15

Article Info:/Info

Title:
The effects of arbuscular mycorrhiza fungi on the growth of mulberry in different nursery substrates
Article ID:
1000-2006(2019)03-0009-08
Author(s):
HUANG Xiaohui12 CHEN Daojing1 FENG Dalan1*
1.Chongqing Academy of Forestry, Chongqing 400036, China; 2. College of Forestry, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083, China
Keywords:
arbuscular mycorrhiza fungi mulberry nursery substrate colonization rate growth index photosynthetic paramenter
Classification number :
S723.1
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.201810005
Document Code:
A
Abstract:
【Objective】The effect of arbuscular mycorrhiza fungi on the growth of mulberry in different nursery substrates was studied to select the better nursery substrates and arbuscular mycorrhiza fungi for cultivating mulberry seedlings, in the hope of providing a technical support for the development of ecological and economic industries of mulberry.【Method】Six arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. Ga(Glomus aggregatum), Gc(G. caledonium), Gi(G. intraradices), Gv(G. versiforme), BGCH(G. intraradices BGC HEB07D)as well as BGCX(G. etunicatum BGC XJ03C), and three nursery substrates, P1 [V(cow dung):V(mushroom residue):V(pearlite):V(yellow soil)= 6.0:3.0:0.5:0.5], P2 [V(cow-dung):V(mushroom residue):V(pearlite):V(yellow soil)= 6:2:1:1], and P3(yellow soil only), were used to evaluate the effect of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi on the growth of mulberry on different nursery substrates. 【Result】The colonization rate of Gc, BGCX and BGCH was the highest on mulberry. Additionally, the colonization rate in mulberry grown on P1 substrate was significantly(P<0.05)higher than that observed in substrates P2 or P3. The highest germination rate was observed in mulberry seeds inoculated with Gc and BGCH. Similarly, the germination rate of mulberry seeds grown on P1 substrate was better than of those grown on the other two substrates. The plant height, base diameter, root surface, root length, number of root tips and root biomass of mulberry inoculated with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi were all significantly(P<0.05)higher than those observed in mulberry that was uninoculated. Additionally, these parameters were the highest in mulberry inoculated with Gc, Gv and BGCH and were also significantly(P<0.05)better in mulberry grown on P1 substrate than in those grown on P2 and P3 substrate. The net photosynthetic rate, water use efficiency, maximum chemical efficiency of photosystem Ⅱ, antenna conversion efficiency of photosystem Ⅱ, actual primary photochemical efficiency, and photosynthetic electron transfer rate of mulberry inoculated with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi were all significantly(P<0.05)higher than those of mulberry that was uninoculated. These parameters were the highest in mulberry inoculated with Gc, Gv and BGCH and were also significantly(P<0.05)better in mulberry grown on P1 substrate than in that grown on P2 or P3 substrate.【Conclusion】All six arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi promoted the growth of mulberry, among which Gc and BGCH were the best. Also, P1 substrate was much better than P2 or P3 substrate.

References

[1] 秦俭, 何宁佳, 黄先智, 等. 桑树生态产业与蚕丝业的发展[J]. 蚕业科学, 2010, 36(6): 984-989. DOI:10.3969/j.issn.0257-4799.2010.06.015.
QIN J, HE N J, HUANG X Z, et al. Development of mulberry ecological industry and sericulture[J]. Science of Sericulture, 2010, 36(6): 984-989.
[2] 贺秀斌, 谢宗强, 南宏伟, 等. 三峡库区消落带植被修复与蚕桑生态经济发展模式[J]. 科技导报, 2007, 25(23): 59-63.DOI:10.3321/j.issn:1000-7857.2007.23.013.
HE X B, XIE Z Q, NAN H W, et al. Developing ecolocal economy of sericulture and vegetation restoration in the water-level-fluctuating zone of the Three Gorges Reservoir[J]. Science & Technology Review, 2007, 25(23): 59-63.
[3] HUANG X H, LIU Y, LI J X, et al. The response of mulberry trees after seedling hardening to summer drought in the hydro-fluctuation belt of Three Gorges Reservoir Areas[J]. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 2013, 20(10): 7103-7111. DOI:10.1007/s11356-012-1395-x.
[4] 田吉, 王林, 张芸香, 等. 育苗容器对一年生文冠果苗木生长和根发生的影响[J]. 山西农业大学学报(自然科学版), 2016, 36(7): 500-505. DOI:10.13842/j.cnki.issn1671-8151.2016.07.009.
TIAN J, WANG L, ZHANG Y X, et al. Effect of seedling container on the growth and root occurrence of annual Xanthoceras sorbifolia Bunge seedlings[J]. Journal of Shanxi Agricultural University(Natural Science Edition), 2016, 36(7): 500-505.
[5] 王月生, 周志春, 金国庆, 等. 基质配比对南方红豆杉容器苗及其移栽生长的影响[J]. 浙江林学院学报, 2007, 24(5): 643-646. DOI:10.3969/j.issn.2095-0756.2007.05.024.
WANG Y S, ZHOU Z C, JIN G Q, et al. Growth of Taxus chinensis var. mairei for container seedlings in different media mixtures and for bare-root versus container seedlings in a young stand[J]. Journal of Zhejiang Forestry College, 2007, 24(5): 643-646.
[6] 鲁敏, 李英杰, 王仁卿. 油松容器育苗基质性质与苗木生长及生理特性关系[J]. 林业科学, 2005, 41(4): 86-93.DOI:10.3321/j.issn:1001-7488.2005.04.015.
LU M, LI Y J, WANG R Q. The relation between the medium quality and the container seedling growth of Chinese pine and its physiological characteristics[J]. Scientia Silvae Sinicae, 2005, 41(4): 86-93.
[7] ZHAO M, LI M, LIU R. Effects of arbuscular mycorrhizae on microbial population and enzyme activity in replant soil used for watermelon production[J]. International Journal of Engineering, Science and Technology, 2011, 2(7): 17-22. DOI:10.4314/ijest.v2i7.63735.
[8] HARRIER L A, WATSON C A. The potential role of arbuscular mycorrhizal(AM)fungi in the bioprotection of plants against soil-borne pathogens in organic and/or other sustainable farming systems[J]. Pest Management Science, 2004, 60(2): 149-157. DOI:10.1002/ps.820.
[9] 舒玉芳, 叶娇, 潘程远, 等. 三峡库区桑树菌根发育特征及菌根对桑苗生长的促进作用[J]. 蚕业科学, 2011, 37(6): 978-984. DOI:10.13441/j.cnki.cykx.2011.06.022.
SHU Y F, YE J, PAN C Y, et al. Developmental features of mycorrhiza and its promotion effect on growth of Mulberry saplings in Three Gorges Reservoir Region[J]. Science of Sericulture, 2011, 37(6): 978-984.
[10] 王幼珊, 张淑彬, 殷晓芳, 等. 中国大陆地区丛枝菌根真菌菌种资源的分离鉴定与形态学特征[J]. 微生物学通报, 2016, 43(10): 2154-2165. DOI:10.13344/j.microbiol.china.150921.
WANG Y S, ZHANG S B, YIN X F, et al. Isolation and identification of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi from Mainland China[J]. Microbiology, 2016, 43(10): 2154-2165.
[11] 宋会兴,彭远英,钟章成,等.干旱生境中接种丛枝菌根真菌对三叶鬼针草(Bidens pilosa L.)光合特征的影响[J].生态学报,2008,28(8):3744-3751. DOI:10.3321/j.issn:1000-0933.2008.08.030.
SONG H X, PENG Y Y, ZHONG Z C. Photosynthetic responses of AMF-infected and AMF-free Bidens pilosa L. to drought stress conditions[J]. Acta Ecologica Sinica,2008,28(8):3744-3751.
[12] MCGONIGLE T P, FITTER A H. Ecological specificity of vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal associations[J]. Mycological Research, 1990, 94(1): 120-122. DOI:10.1016/S0953-7562(09)81272-0.
[13] 任强, 杨晓红, 何炜, 等. 丛枝菌根真菌对桑扦插苗生长的影响研究[J]. 西南大学学报(自然科学版), 2008(4): 115-118.
REN Q, YANG X H, HE W, et al. Effects of AM fungi on the growth of Morus cuttings[J]. Journal of Southwest Agricultural University(Natural Science Edition), 2008(4): 115-118.
[14] MA N, YOKOYAMA K, MARUMOTO T. Promotion of host plant growth and infection of roots with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus Gigaspora margaritaby the application of peat[J]. Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, 2006, 52(2): 162-167. DOI:10.1111/j.1747-0765.2006.00019.x.
[15] MA N, YOKOYAMA K, MARUMOTO T. Effect of peat on mycorrhizal colonization and effectiveness of the arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus Gigaspora margarita[J]. Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, 2007, 53(6): 744-752. DOI:10.1111/j.1747-0765.2007.00204.x.
[16] 张淑彬, 王红菊, 王幼珊, 等. 不同育苗基质对黄瓜生长及丛枝菌根真菌侵染的影响[J]. 中国农学通报, 2011, 27(10): 275-279.
ZHANG S B, WANG H J, WANG Y S, et al. Effects of the different substrates on the growth of cucumber and infection of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi[J]. Chinese Agricultural Science Bulletin, 2011, 27(10): 275-279.
[17] 卢红, 叶瑞兴, 秦俭, 等. 3株丛枝菌根真菌对南疆土壤基质栽培桑苗生长的促进作用[J]. 蚕业科学, 2014, 40(5): 804-810.DOI:10.13441/j.cnki.cykx.2014.05.007.
LU H, YE R X, QIN J, et al. Improvement effects of three arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal strains on growth of mulberry trees planted in soil of southern Xinjiang[J]. Acta Sericologica Sinica, 2014, 40(5): 804-810.
[18] 叶青雷, 李志, 王立志, 等. 不同外源激素对桑树种子发芽的影响[J]. 黑龙江农业科学, 2015(11): 78-80.DOI:10.11942/j.issn1002-2767.2015.11.0078.
YE Q L, LI Z, WAGN L Z, et al. Effect of different exogenous hormones on seed germination of mulberry[J]. Heilongjiang Agricultural Science, 2015(11): 78-80.
[19] 宋新华,肖乃康. H2O2浸种对桑树种子发芽率的影响[J].陕西农业科学,1991(6):29-29.
SONG X H, XIAO N K. Effect of H2O2 soaking on germination rate of mulberry seeds[J]. Shaannxi Agricultural Sciences,1991(6):29-29.
[20] 欧静, 刘仁阳, 陈训, 等. 菌根真菌对桃叶杜鹃种子萌发及幼苗移植的影响[J]. 南方农业学报, 2013, 44(2): 293-298. DOI:10.3969/j:issn.2095-1191.2013.2.293.
OU J, LIU R Y, CHEN X, et al. Effects of mycorrhizal fungi on seed germination and seedling transplant survival rate of Rhododendron annae[J]. Journal of Southern Agriculture, 2013, 44(2): 293-298.
[21] 赵昕, 阎秀峰. 丛枝菌根对喜树幼苗生长和氮、磷吸收的影响[J]. 植物生态学报, 2006, 30(6): 947-953.DOI:10.17521/cjpe.2006.0120
ZHAO X, YAN X F. Effects of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi on the growth and absorption of nitrogen and phosphorus in Camptotheca acuminata seedlings[J]. Journal of Plant Ecology, 2006, 30(6): 947-953.
[22] MIRANDA J C C, HARRIS P J, WILD A. Effects of soil and plant phosphorus concentrations on vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhiza in sorghum plants[J]. New Phytologist, 1989, 112(3): 405-410. DOI:10.1111/j.1469-8137.1989.tb00330.x.
[23] DIXON R K, GARRETT H E, COX G S. Cytokinins in the root pressure exudate of Citrus jambhiri Lush. colonized by vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizae[J]. Tree Physiology, 1988, 4(1): 9-18. DOI:10.1093/treephys/4.1.9.
[24] 李贵雨, 卫星, 汤园园, 等. 白桦不同轻基质容器苗生长及养分分析[J]. 林业科学, 2016, 52(7): 30-37. DOI:10.11707/j.1001-7488.20160704.
LI G Y, WEI X, TANG Y Y, et al. Growth and nutrient content of Betula platyphylla container seedling in different light media[J]. Scientia Silvae Sinicae, 2016, 52(7): 30-37.
[25] 裴会明,杜坤. 中国鹅掌楸网袋容器育苗轻基质配方的研究[J]. 中国土壤与肥料, 2014(6):92-95.DOI:10.11838/sfsc.20140617.
PEI H M, DU K. Study on light matrix formula of container seedling of Liriodendron chinensis(Hemsl.)Sarg[J]. Soils and Fertilizers Sciences in China,2014(6):92-95.
[26] 黄小辉, 刘芸, 李佳杏, 等. 水分胁迫对三峡库区消落带桑树幼苗生理特性的影响[J]. 林业科学, 2012, 48(12): 122-127. DOI:10.11707/j.1001-7488.20121219.
HUANG X H, LIU Y, LI J X, et al. Effects of water stress on physiological characteristics of mulberry(Morus alba)seedlings in the hydro-fluctuation belt of the Three Gorges Reservoir Area[J]. Scientia Silvae Sinicae, 2012, 48(12): 122-127.

Last Update: 2019-05-15