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|Table of Contents|

三个高丛蓝莓品种在南京地区的田间生长表现(PDF)

《南京林业大学学报(自然科学版)》[ISSN:1000-2006/CN:32-1161/S]

Issue:
2019年03期
Page:
157-162
Column:
专题报道
publishdate:
2019-05-15

Article Info:/Info

Title:
An observation on three highbush blueberry cultivars cultivated in Nanjing
Article ID:
1000-2006(2019)03-0157-06
Author(s):
YANG Haiyan1 DONG Shanshan1 Lü Lianfei1 HUANG Zhengjin1 WU Wenlong1* LI Weilin2*
1. Institute of Botany, Jiangsu Province and Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210014,China; 2. Co-Innovation Center for the Sustainable Forestry in Southern China, College of Forestry, Nanjing Forestry University, Nanjing 210037,China
Keywords:
highbush blueberry growth and development fruit quality rain-shelter cultivation Nanjing
Classification number :
S663.2
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.201805005
Document Code:
A
Abstract:
【Objective】This study was undertaken to evaluate the growth and fruiting characters of three blueberry cultivars ‘O’Neal’, ‘Misty’ and ‘Legacy’ introduced into Nanjing. 【Method】 Plant height, crown width, maturity period, yield, fruit size, fruit weight, fruit hardness, fruit quality, and antioxidant system were investigated. 【Result】 All plants grew better under the rain-shelter cultivation condition than under the open cultivation. Among the three cultivars, ‘Legacy’ grew better than ‘O’Neal’, and ‘O’Neal’ grew better than ‘Misty’. The flowers of all three cultivars were bigger under the rain-shelter cultivation than under the open cultivation. The flower size between ‘Legacy’ and ‘Misty’ was significantly different, and the flower length between ‘O’Neal’ and ‘Misty’ was also significantly different. There was no significant difference about fruit size between three cultivars, however, fruit firmness increased under the rain-shelter cultivation. The fruit maturity period of ‘O’Neal’ was the earliest, and followed by ‘Misty’ and ‘Legacy’. The yield of ‘Legacy’ was the highest, followed by ‘Misty’ and ‘O’Neal’. ‘Legacy’ had higher soluble solids and anthocyanin content, lower acid content, with sweet flavor. ‘Misty’ had higher acid and polyphenol content with slight sour flavor. Polyphenol, soluble solids and anthocyanin content, and superoxide dismutase(SOD)activity in fruit were lower, whereas acid content and peroxydase(POD)activity in fruit were higher under rain-shelter cultivation than that under the open cultivation. ‘Misty’ had lower generation rate of O<sup>-·2 and malondialdehyde(MDA)content under both the rain-shelter and open cultivations indicating strong antioxidant capacity.【Conclusion】The three blueberry cultivars all grew well in Nanjing. The fruit maturity period of ‘O’Neal’ was the earliest, the fruit taste of ‘Legacy’ was the best, and the yield of ‘Misty’ was the highest. Under the rain-shelter cultivation, all plants grew better, the production of free radicals in fruit was decreased, and fruit firmness was improved.

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Last Update: 2019-05-15