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水分变化对荒漠植物白刺气体交换参数及形态特征的影响(PDF)

《南京林业大学学报(自然科学版)》[ISSN:1000-2006/CN:32-1161/S]

Issue:
2019年06期
Page:
32-38
Column:
研究论文
publishdate:
2019-11-25

Article Info:/Info

Title:
Effects of gas exchange and morphological characteristics of desert species Nitraria tangutorum under moisture variation
Article ID:
1000-2006(2019)06-0032-07
Author(s):
DUAN Na12WANG Ji1*HAO Yuguang2GAO Junliang2CHEN Xiaona2DUO Puzeng2
(1.Desert Science and Engineering College, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, Hohhot 010010, China; 2.Desert Forestry Experiment Center, Chinese Academy of Forestry, Dengkou 015200, China)
Keywords:
Nitraria tangutorum soil moisture gas exchange morphological characteristic photosymthesis semi-arid area
Classification number :
S793.9; Q948.1
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.201812036
Document Code:
-
Abstract:
【Objective】To study the effects of the photosynthesis and morphological characteristics of Nitraria tangutorum seedlings produced in Ulan Buh desert under different water conditions.【Method】 Gas exchange parameters and morphological characteristics were studied with five water treatments CK, T1, T2, T3 and T4(100%, ≥80%-100%, ≥60%-80%, ≥40%-60% and ≥20%-40% of field capacity, respectively).【Result】With decreasing water content, the daily variation photosynthetic rate of N. tangutorum also decreased; the daily variation in the photosynthetic rate decreased by 42.16% and 44.73% when the water content decreased to ≥40%-60% and ≥20%-40%, respectively(T3 and T4). In addition, the transpiration rate and stomatal conductance of N. tangutorum were closely related, and the correlation coefficient was higher than that for the net photosynthetic rate. The daily mean value of the water use efficiency of N. tangutorum was T2>T1>T3>CK>T4. The root, stem, and leaf reached the maximum under the T2 treatment; it was significantly higher than those under other treatments(P < 0.05).【Conclusion】Under the five different water treatments, a diurnal change in the photosynthetic rate presented a “double peak” curve; in addition, a photosynthetic “lunch break” phenomenon was observed at two o’clock in the afternoon. According to the change in the net photosynthetic rate, the intercellular CO2 concentration and stomatal limitation value of N. tangutorum,showed that photosynthetic lunch break phenomenon was caused by stomatal factors under the CK, T1 and T2 treatments and non-stomatal limitation under the T3 and T4 treatments. A total of ≥60%-80% soil water content was identified as the best moisture condition for the growth of N.tangutorum.

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Last Update: 2019-11-30