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‘霞早'绿竹花形态特征及花药发育的组织学观察(PDF)

《南京林业大学学报(自然科学版)》[ISSN:1000-2006/CN:32-1161/S]

Issue:
2019年02期
Page:
7-13
Column:
研究论文
publishdate:
2019-03-30

Article Info:/Info

Title:
Anther development and floral morphology characteristics of Bambusa oldhami ‘Xia Zao' ZSX
Article ID:
1000-2006(2019)02-0007-07
Author(s):
LIN Shuyan12FU Huajun13 WAN Yawen13 ZHANG Shixing4 ZHU Ruji4 WANG Fusheng12 DING Yulong12*
(1. Co-Innovation Center for the Sustainable Forestry in Southern China, Nanjing Forestry University,Nanjing 210037, China; 2.Bamboo Research Institute, Nanjing Forestry University, Nanjing 210037, China; 3. College of Biology and the Environment, Nanjing Forestry University, Nanjing 210037, China; 4. Lüyou Agricultural Development Limited Company, Xiapu County, Fujian Province, Ningde 352100,China)
Keywords:
Bambusa oldhami ‘Xia Zao' ZSX floral morphology characteristics pollen development pollen abortion
Classification number :
S718
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.201711031
Document Code:
A
Abstract:
【Objective】 Bamboo is a plant with special flowering characteristics. Woody bamboos have a long vegetative growth cycle and its flowering period ranging from decades to more than hundreds of years. The flower morphology and development of microspore and male gametes of Bambusa oldhami ‘Xia Zao' ZSX were studied to elucidate the mechanism of pollen abortion with the help of combination of exterior morphology and interior cytological structure. 【Method】 The flowers of B. oldhami ‘Xia Zao' ZSX were collected from Xiapu County, Fujian Province. The flower morphology and anther development were studied by field observation and paraffin sectioning, respectively. 【Result】 Flowering bamboo plants grow new smaller leaves when compared with the vegetative plants. They may bear many clustered spikelets on each node of culms and branches. The differentiation of florets on the same spikelet occurs in sequence from the base to the top. Each flower has 6 anthers and each anther has 4 pollen sacs. The development type of anther wall is monocotyledonous type. The 4-layer anther walls are fully developed at the microspore mother cell stage. No structural and developmental abnormalities were observed during the process from the primordium to the microspore mother cell. However, after that, the microspore and tapetum showed abnormal structure. 【Conclusion】We found that the development of florets in the same spikelet follows a bottom-up process, and the reason for the absence of seeds in B. oldhami ‘Xia Zao' ZSX may be due to flowering characteristics and abnormal pollen development.

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Last Update: 2019-03-30