我们的网站为什么显示成这样?

可能因为您的浏览器不支持样式,您可以更新您的浏览器到最新版本,以获取对此功能的支持,访问下面的网站,获取关于浏览器的信息:

|Table of Contents|

城市游憩型公共开放空间服务能力的测度——以南京市中心城区为例(PDF)

《南京林业大学学报(自然科学版)》[ISSN:1000-2006/CN:32-1161/S]

Issue:
2019年04期
Page:
117-124
Column:
研究论文
publishdate:
2019-07-24

Article Info:/Info

Title:
Measurement of service capacity of urban recreational public open space: taking the central urban area of Nanjing as an example
Article ID:
1000-2006(2019)04-0117-08
Author(s):
BI Chen ZHANG Jinguang LÜ Mengzhu ZHAO Bing*
(College of Landscape Architecture, Nanjing Forestry University, Nanjing 210037, China)
Keywords:
public open space(POS) social services recreational needs population transportation Nanjing City
Classification number :
TU986
DOI:
10. 3969/ j. issn. 1000-2006. 201805065
Document Code:
A
Abstract:
【Objective】Based on three scales of administrative district, street and residential area,we evaluated the capacity of urban public open space social services and put forward strategies to optimize their service capacity.【Method】By using the network analysis of GIS and RS technology, the public open space(POS)in the central urban area of Nanjing was used as the research object. From the public open space service supply capacity, residents’ recreation demand and transportation channels, its social service capability was evaluated using the accessibility index. For example, C1 the rate of service population, C2 the ratio of service area, and C3 public open space per capita were examined.【Result】① Supply side:the number of public open spaces in the study area was relatively small,and their distributions were unbalanced. Combined with population distribution, we showed that the service efficiency of public open space is higher in central urban areas as compared with that of marginal areas.②Demand side:combined with residential socioeconomic status(SES)study, we found that 80.15% of main urban areas had low demand for recreation areas,while marginal areas had higher demands. ③ Transportation: we examined daily travel mode of residents, and found that there is a significant difference in accessibility among various modes of transport, accessibility of motor vehicle was the best, followed by the non-motor vehicles and public transportation, and walking accessibility was the worst; only 35.13% of the residents could arrive to the nearest public open space on foot within 20 minutes. 【Conclusion】This paper evaluates the level of public open space recreation performance from the two-way point of view of supply and demand, and puts forward optimization strategies from three aspects: overall urban planning, residents’ recreation needs, and construction of the slow traffic systems. The research results can alleviate the contradiction between the lack of supply of recreational space and the surge in the demand for better living of residents, especially the intensive cities represented by Nanjing. Mean while, it also can be used for the new round Nanjing urban planning and provide reference for relevant planning practices.

References

[1] 杨贵庆.大都市多元开放空间对宜居生活的保障:德国法兰克福“莱茵-美茵”国际设计工作营选题与启示[J].城市规划学刊,2014(2): 105-111. DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1000-3363.2014.02.013. YANG G Q. Diverse metropolitan open spaces ensure urban Livability: analysis of international design work camp for frankfurt rhine-main metropolitan region in Germany[J]. Urban Planning Forum, 2014(2): 105-111. [2] 韩凌云, 徐振, 王良桂. 多维视角下城市开放空间研究框架的建构[J]. 南京林业大学学报(自然科学版), 2014, 38(1): 83-89. DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.2014.01.015. HAN L Y, XU Z, WANG L G. Open space morphology and research framework with multi-perspectives[J]. Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Sciences Edition), 2014, 38(1): 83-89. [3] 李志明, 樊荣甜. 国外开放空间研究演进与前沿热点的可视化分析[J]. 国际城市规划, 2017, 32(6): 34-41, 53. DOI:10.22217/upi.2017.135. LI Z M, FAN R T. Visualization analysis of foreign open space research evolution and frontiers[J]. Urban Planning International, 2017, 32(6): 34-41, 53. [4] 吴伟, 付喜娥. 城市开放空间经济价值评估方法研究:假设评估法[J]. 国际城市规划, 2010, 25(6): 79-82, 91. DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1673-9493.2010.06.014. WU W, FU X E. Valuation method of urban open space economic value: contingent valuation method[J]. Urban Planning International, 2010, 25(6): 79-82, 91. [5] 张帆, 邱冰. 基于日常生活视角的城市开放空间评价: 以南京市为例[J]. 城市问题, 2014(9): 16-21. DOI:10.13239/j.bjsshkxy.cswt.140903. ZHANG F, QIU B. Urban open space evaluation based on the perspective of daily life-take Nanjing as an example [J]. Urban Problems, 2014(9): 16-21. [6] 周春山, 江海燕, 高军波. 城市公共服务社会空间分异的形成机制: 以广州市公园为例[J]. 城市规划, 2013, 37(10): 84-89. ZHOU C S, JIANG H Y, GAO J B. Formation mechanism of social spatial differentiation of the urban public services: a case study on the parks of Guangzhou[J]. City Planning Review, 2013, 37(10): 84-89. [7] COOMBES E, JONES A P, HILLSDON M. The Relationship of physical activity and overweight to objectively measured green space accessibility and use[J].Social Science & Medicine, 2010,70(6):816-822. DOI:10.1016/j.socscimed.2009.11.020. [8] HANSEN W G. How accessibility shapes land use[J]. Journal of the American Planning Association,1959, 25(2): 73-76. DOI:10.1080/01944365908978307. [9] JENNIFER W.Park and park funding in Los Angeles: an equity-mapping analysis[J].Urban Geography,2006,26(1):4-35.DOI:10.2747/0272-3638.26.1.4. [10] OLGA B. Who benefits from access to green space. a case study from Sheffield, UK [J].Landscape and Urban Planning,2007,83(2/3):187-195.DOI:10.1016/j.landurbplan.2007.04.004. [11] KYUSHIK O. Assessing the spatial distribution of urban parks using GIS[J].Landscape and Urban Planning,2007,82(1):25-32.DOI:10.1016/j.landurbplan.2007.01.014. [12] ALEXANDER C,ISHIKAWA S,SILVERSTEIN M.A pattern language: towns,buildings,construction [M].Oxford: Oxford University Press,1977. [13] ECKBO G.Urban landscape design [M].New York: Mcgraw Hill Book,1964. [14] CLARK P.The european city and open space[M].London: Ashgate Publishing Co,2006. [15] LUNCK K.City sense and city design[M].Cambridge: The MIT Press,1995. [16] YUNG E H K, CONEJOS S, CHAN E H W. Public open spaces planning for the elderly: the case of dense urban renewal districts in Hong Kong[J]. Land Use Policy, 2016, 59:1-11. [17] HESS G R, KING T J. Planning open spaces for wildlife: I. selecting focal species using a Delphi survey approach[J]. Landscape and Urban Planning, 2002, 58(1):2-40. DOI:10.1016/s0169-2046(01)00230-4. [18] ASTELL-BURT T, FENG X, MAVOA S, et al. Do low-income neighbourhoods have the least green space? a cross-sectional study of Australia’s most populous cities[J]. BMC Public Health, 2014, 14(1):292. DOI:10.1186/1471-2458-14-292. [19] 吴必虎, 董莉娜, 唐子颖. 公共游憩空间分类与属性研究[J]. 中国园林, 2003, 19(5): 48-50. DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1000-6664.2003.05.014. WU B H, DONG L N, TANG Z Y. A study on categories and at-tributes of public urban recre-ational spaces[J]. Chinese Landscape Architecture, 2003, 19(5): 48-50. [20] 南京市城市总体规划(2011-2020)[EB/OL].(2017-05-09)http://ghj.nanjing.gov.cn/ztzl/ghbz/ztgh/201705/t20170509_874089.html. [21] 马琳,陆玉麒.基于路网结构的城市绿地景观可达性研究——以南京市主城区公园绿地为例[J].中国园林,2011,27(7):92-96. DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1000-6664.2011.07.022. MA L, LU Y Q. Research on landscape accessibility of city green space based on traffic network: case study of the garden green space of the city proper of Nanjing[J]. Chinese Landscape Architecture, 2011,27(7):92-96. [22] 李小马,刘常富.基于网络分析的沈阳城市公园可达性和服务[J].生态学报,2009,29(3):1554-1562.DOI:10.3321/j.issn:1000-0933.2009.03.054. LI X M, LIU C F. Accessibility and service of Shenyang’s urban parks by network analysis[J]. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2009, 29(3): 1554-1562. [23] 邓羽, 蔡建明, 杨振山. 北京城区交通时间可达性测度及其空间特征分析[J]. 地理学报, 2012, 67(2):169-178. DOI:10.11821/xb201202003. DENG Y, CAI J M, YANG Z S.Measuring time accessibility with its spatial characteristics in urban areas of Beijing[J]. Acta Geographica Sinica,2012, 67(2):169-178. [24] 卢宁, 李俊英, 闫红伟. 城市公园绿地可达性分析——以沈阳市铁西区为例[J]. 应用生态学报, 2014, 25(10):2951-2958. LU N,LI J Y,YAN H W. Analysis on accessibility of urban park green space: the case study of Shenyang Tiexi District[J].Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology, 2014, 25(10):2951-2958. [25] NICHOLLS S. Measuring the accessibility and equity of public parks: a case study using GIS[J]. Managing Leisure, 2001, 6(4): 201-219. DOI:10.1080/13606710126543. [26] DONY C C,DELMELLE E M, DELMELLE E C. Re-conceptualizing accessibility to parks in multi-modal cities: a variable-width floating catchment area(VFCA)method[J]. Landscape & Urban Planning, 2015,143:90-99. DOI:10.1016/j.landurbplan.2015.06.011. [27] TLAEN E. Measuring the public realm: a preliminary assessment of the link between public space and sense of community[J]. Journal of architectural and planning research, 2000, 17(4):344-360. [28] OH K, JEONG S. Assessing the spatial distribution of urban parks using GIS[J].Landscape and Urban Planning, 2007, 82(1): 25-32. DOI:10.1016/j.landurbplan.2007.01.014. [29] COMBER A, BRUNSDON C, GREEN E. Using a GIS-based network analysis to determine urban greenspace accessibility for different ethnic and religious groups[J]. Landscape and Urban Planning, 2008,86(1):103 -114. DOI:10.1016/j.landurbplan.2008.01.002. [30] LACHOWYCZ K,JONES A P. Towards a better understanding of the relationship between greenspace and health: development of a theoretical framework[J]. Landscape and Urban Planning,2013,118: 62-69. DOI:10.1016/j.landurbplan.2012.10.012. [31] IBES D C. A multi-dimensional classification and equity analysis of an urban park system: a novel methodology and case study application[J]. Landscape and Urban Planning, 2015, 137: 122-137. DOI:10.1016/j.landurbplan.2014.12.014. [32] 江海燕, 周春山, 肖荣波. 广州公园绿地的空间差异及社会公平研究[J]. 城市规划, 2010, 34(4): 43-48. JIANG H Y, ZHOU C S, XIAO R B. Spatial differentiation and social equity of public parks in Guangzhou[J]. City Planning Review, 2010, 34(4): 43-48. [33] 张金光, 赵兵. 基于可达性的城市公园选址及布局优化研究[J]. 南京林业大学学报(自然科学版), 2018, 42(6): 151-158. DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.201710022. ZHANG J G, ZHAO B. Location and layout optimization of urban parks based on accessibility[J]. Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Sciences Edition), 2018, 42(6): 151-158. [34] 曹丹, 周立晨, 毛义伟, 等. 上海城市公共开放空间夏季小气候及舒适度[J]. 应用生态学报, 2008, 19(8): 1797-1802. CAO D, ZHOU L C, MAO Y W, et al. Microclimate and comfortable degree of Shanghai urban open spaces in summer[J]. Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology, 2008, 19(8): 1797-1802.

Last Update: 2019-07-22