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氮素形态对‘凤丹’表型性状、光合及产量的影响(PDF)

《南京林业大学学报(自然科学版)》[ISSN:1000-2006/CN:32-1161/S]

Issue:
2019年04期
Page:
161-168
Column:
专题报道
publishdate:
2019-07-24

Article Info:/Info

Title:
Effects of different nitrogen forms on phenotypic traits, photosynthesis and yield of Paeonia ostii ‘Feng Dan’
Article ID:
1000-2006(2019)04-0161-08
Author(s):
LIU Shuguang12 DUAN Peiling3 ZHANG Lixia12* DUAN Xiangguang12 GUO Lili12 LIU Wei12 HOU Xiaogai12*
(1. College of Agriculture/College of Tree Peony, Henan University of Science and Technology, Luoyang 471023, China; 2.Henan Province Oil Peony Engineering Technology Research Center, Luoyang 471023, China; 3. School of Pharmacy, Zhengzhou Railway Vocational and Technical College, Zhengzhou 451460, China)
Keywords:
Paeonia ostii ‘Feng Dan’ nitrogen form phenotypic trait photosynthetic characteristic yield
Classification number :
S794; S718; S567. 1+5
DOI:
10. 3969/ j. issn. 1000-2006. 201810010
Document Code:
A
Abstract:
【Objective】 The effects of different nitrogen forms and their proportion on phenotypic traits, photosynthetic characteristics, and grain yield of Paeonia ostii ‘Feng Dan’ were studied to determine the optimal proportion of nitrogen forms and promote high-yield and high-efficiency scientific fertilization. 【Method】 Three different nitrogen forms, ammonium nitrogen(NH+4-N), nitrate nitrogen(NO-3-N), and amide nitrogen(N-CONH2), were used to set different nitrogen forms and their proportions. Phenotypic traits, photosynthetic characteristics and yield traits were investigated. 【Result】 Compared with the control, different forms of nitrogen fertilizer and ammonium nitrate combination had significant effects on phenotypic traits, photosynthetic characteristics, and grain yield parameters of P. ostii ‘Feng Dan’ under conditions of fixed phosphorus and potassium fertilization(P<0.05). Net photosynthetic rate, stomatal conductance, and transpiration rate of P. ostii ‘Feng Dan’ leaves were the highest under treatment with ammonium nitrogen and nitrate nitrogen at a 50:50 proportion, which increased by 22.85%, 39.18% and 25.98%, respectively; the intercellular CO2 concentration was 14.67% lower than the control; the 1 000-grain mass and the yield per individual were the highest, and significantly higher than under other fertilization treatments(P<0.05), and were 31.86% and 43.05% higher than the control. 【Conclusion】 The combination of ammonium and nitrate can greatly improve phenotypic traits, photosynthetic characteristics, and yield of P. ostii ‘Feng Dan’, providing a theoretical basis for the rational fertilization of P. ostii ‘Feng Dan’.

References

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Last Update: 2019-07-22