我们的网站为什么显示成这样?

可能因为您的浏览器不支持样式,您可以更新您的浏览器到最新版本,以获取对此功能的支持,访问下面的网站,获取关于浏览器的信息:

|Table of Contents|

两种类型人为干扰对城市风景林植物多样性的影响(PDF)

《南京林业大学学报(自然科学版)》[ISSN:1000-2006/CN:32-1161/S]

Issue:
2019年05期
Page:
128-134
Column:
研究论文
publishdate:
2019-09-20

Article Info:/Info

Title:
Effects of two types of artificial interferences on plant diversity of urban landscape forests
Article ID:
1000-2006(2019)05-0128-07
Author(s):
WU Sisi LU Xiaozhen WANG Xinyue GE Zhiwei*
(Co-Innovation Center for the Sustainable Forestry in Southern China, College of Biology and the Environment, Nanjing Forestry University, Nanjing 210037, China)
Keywords:
Quanshan Reserve tourism activity disturbance urban management activity disturbance species diversity uniformity
Classification number :
S718
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.201901043
Document Code:
A
Abstract:
【Objective】 Urbanization has a great impact on urban forest ecosystems and has become a hot topic in urban ecology, with researchers striving to understand the dynamics of biodiversity in urban communities. Accordingly, the aim of the present study was to investigate the influence of tourist activities and urban garden management on plant species diversity and to develop a theoretical basis for the maintenance of the Quanshan Reserve. 【Method】 In June 2018, field surveys were conducted in 54 plots that were established in the Quanshan, Taishan and Yunlong Mountains in the Quanshan Reserve. 【Result】 Increases in artificial disturbance were related to reductions in species diversity. However, tourist activity and urban gardening affected the species diversity of different vertical layers differently, and tourist activity significantly affected species diversity(P<0.05), whereas urban gardening did not(P>0.05). In addition, neither type of disturbances had a significant effect on species richness(P>0.05), and both had significant effects on uniformity(P<0.05). These two types of artificial disturbance(tourist activity and urban gardening)had different effects on different community layers. Increase in tourist activity reduced the number of species in the arbor layer, whereas increase in urban gardening activity increased the number of species in the shrub layer. In addition, tourist activity significantly affected species diversity, with the lowest species diversity observed under intermediate disturbance, whereas urban gardening had no such effect. Furthermore, neither type of disturbance had a significant effect on species richness, and both had significant effects on uniformity. Interestingly, uniformity decreased and then increased with increasing tourist activity but exhibited a positive linear correlation with urban gardening.【Conclusion】In this study, two types of human interferences were investigated to explore the effects on plant diversity in urban landscape forest communities, and the results showed that the interference of tourist activities had a more direct and significant impact on the distribution pattern of plant diversity, which could guide the protection of Quanshan Reserve.

References

[1] MOFFATT S F, MCLACHLAN S M, KENKEL N C. Impacts of land use on riparian forest along an urban-rural gradient in southern Manitoba[J]. Plant Ecology Formerly ‘Vegetatio', 2004,174(1):119-135. DOI:10.1023/b:vege.0000046055.27285.fd. [2] 马克明,傅伯杰,郭旭东. 农业区城市化对植物多样性的影响:遵化的研究[J]. 应用生态学报, 2001,12(6):837-840. DOI:10.13287/j.1001-9332.2001.0199. MA K M, FU B J, GUO X D. Impact of urbanization in rural areas on plant diversity: a case study in Zunhua City[J]. Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology, 2001,12(6):837-840. [3] MCKINNEY M L. Urbanization as a major cause of biotic homogenization[J]. Biological Conservation, 2006,127(3):247-260. DOI:10.1016/j.biocon.2005.09.005. [4] KÜHN I, KLOTZ S. Urbanization and homogenization-comparing the floras of urban and rural areas in Germany[J]. Biological Conservation, 2006,127(3):292-300. DOI:10.1016/j.biocon.2005.06.033. [5] 郝建锋, 王德艺, 李艳, 等. 人为干扰对川西金凤山楠木次生林群落结构和物种多样性的影响[J]. 生态学报, 2014,34(23):6930-6942. DOI:10.5846/stxb201401140103. HAO J F, WANG D Y, LI Y, et al. Effects of human disturbance on species diversity of Phoebe zhennan communitis in Jinfengshan Moutain in western Sichuan[J]. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2014, 34(23): 6930-6942. [6] 张丽梅. 药泉山土壤动物和土壤微生物群落对旅游踩踏的响应[D]. 哈尔滨: 哈尔滨师范大学, 2016. ZHANG L M. Responses of soil fauna and soil microorganism communities to tourism trample[D]. Harbin: Harbin Normal University, 2016. [7] FLORY S L, CLAY K. Invasive shrub distribution varies with distance to roads and stand age in eastern deciduous forests in Indiana, USA[J]. Plant Ecology, 2006,184(1):131-141. DOI: 10.1007/s11258-005-9057-4. [8] 汤茜, 尤海梅, 王梦君. 徐州市人工侧柏林的群落结构及物种多样性分析[J]. 淮阴师范学院学报(自然科学版), 2006, 5(2): 168-172. DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1671-6876.2006.02.019. TANG Q, YOU H M, WANG M J. Study on the community structure and species diversity of the Platycladus orientalis plantation forests in Xuzhou[J]. Journal of Huaiyin Teachers College(Natural Science Edition), 2006, 5(2): 168-172. [9] 阮琳. 徐州云龙山植物群落与土壤理化性质相关分析[D]. 南京:南京林业大学, 2008. RUAN L. Study on plant communities and the relevant physicochemical property of soil analysis in Xuzhou Yunlong Shan[D]. Nanjing: Nanjing Forestry University, 2008. [10] 葛厚尚. 徐州地区维管植物资源调查及主要森林植被类型研究[D]. 南京:南京农业大学, 2013. GE H S. A Study on vascular plant resources and the main forest vegetation types in Xuzhou[D]. Nanjing: Nanjing Agricultural University, 2013. [11] 卢芳, 刘春海. 徐州市城区地被植物种类及应用[J]. 中国城市林业, 2009,7(1):18-20. DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1672-4925.2009.01.005. LU F, LIU C H. Application of ground cover plants in gardening and landscaping in Xuzhou City[J]. Journal of Chinese Urban Forestry, 2009,7(1):18-20. [12] 杨瑞卿, 杨学民. 徐州市种子植物区系成分研究[J]. 安徽农业科学, 2007(26):8323-8324. DOI: 10.13989/j.cnki.0517-6611.2007.26.119. YANG R Q,YANG X M. Study on flora components of seed plants in Xuzhou[J]. Journal of Anhui Agricultural Sciences, 2007(26):8323-8324. [13] 姚俊宇, 齐锦秋, 张柳桦, 等. 人为干扰对碧峰峡山矾次生林群落物种多样性和土壤理化性质的影响[J]. 生态学杂志, 2018,37(10):2942-2950. DOI:10.13292/j.1000-4890.201810.036. YAO J Y, QI J Q, ZHANG L H, et al. Effects of anthropogenic disturbance on species diversity and soil physicochemical properties of Symplocos sumuntia secondary forest in Bifengxia[J]. Chinese Journal of Ecology, 2018, 37(10): 2942-2950. [14] 郝建锋, 张逸博, 王德艺, 等. 人为干扰对雅安莲花山青冈次生林群落结构和物种多样性的影响[J]. 西北植物学报, 2015,35(7):1451-1459. DOI:10.7606/j.issn.1000-4025.2015.07.1451. HAO J F, ZHANG Y B, WANG D Y, et al. Effects of human disturbance on species diversity of Cyclobalanopsis glauca community in Lotus Mmountain in Ya'an[J]. Acta Botanica Boreali-Occidentalia Sinica, 2015, 35(7): 1451-1459. [15] 何海洋, 龙凱旋, 唐永彬. 人为干扰对雅安莲花山马尾松人工林群落结构和物种多样性的影响[J]. 四川林业科技, 2018, 39(4): 59-63. DOI:10.16779/j.cnki.1003-5508.2018.04.015. HE H Y, LONG K X, TANG Y B. Effects of human disturbance on community structure and species diversity of Pinus massoniana planatation forest in the Lotus Mountain[J]. Journal of Sichuan Forestry Science and Technology, 2018, 39(4): 59-63. [16] SAUNDERS S C, CHEN J Q, DRUMMER T D, et al. The patch mosaic and ecological decomposition across spatial scales in a managed landscape of northern Wisconsin, USA[J]. Basic and Applied Ecology, 2002, 3(1): 49-64. DOI:10.1078/1439-1791-00084. [17] 郭晨晓. 基于植物群落类型的北京奥林匹克森林公园土壤空间变异性研究[D]. 北京: 北京林业大学, 2015. GUO C X. Study on the variability of soil properties upon different plant communities in Beijing Olympic Forest Park[D]. Beijing: Beijing Forestry University, 2015. [18] 徐远杰, 林敦梅, 米湘成, 等. 古田山不同干扰程度森林的群落恢复动态[J]. 生物多样性, 2014, 22(3): 358-365. DOI:10.3724/SP.J.1003.2014.13202. XU Y J, LIN D M, MI X C, et al. Recovery dynamics of secondary forests with different disturbance intensity in the Gutianshan National Nature Reserve[J]. Biodiversity Science, 2014, 22(3): 358-365. [19] 鲁庆彬, 游卫云, 赵昌杰, 等. 旅游干扰对青山湖风景区植物多样性的影响[J]. 应用生态学报, 2011, 22(2): 295-302. DOI:10.13287/j.1001-9332.2011.0051. LU Q B, YOU W Y, ZHAO C J, et al. Effects of tourism disturbance on plant diversity in Qingshan Lake scenic area of Zhejiang Province[J]. Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology, 2011, 22(2): 295-302. [20] BARNES B, RODERICK M L. An ecological framework linking scales across space and time based on self-thinning[J]. Theoretical Population Biology, 2004, 66(2): 113-128. DOI:10.1016/j.tpb.2004.04.004. [21] BARNES B, SIDHU H S, ROXBURGH S H. A model integrating patch dynamics, competing species and the intermediate disturbance hypothesis[J]. Ecological Modelling, 2006, 194(4): 414-420. DOI:10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2005.10.040. [ 22] ARONSON R B, PRECHT W F. Landscape patterns of reef coral diversity: a test of the intermediate disturbance hypothesis[J]. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 1995, 192(1): 1-14. DOI:10.1016/0022-0981(95)00052-s. [23] 伍炫蓓, 姚俊宇, 孙千惠, 等. 人为干扰对碧峰峡山矾次生林群落主要植物种群生态位的影响[J]. 西北植物学报, 2017, 37(8): 1616-1626. DOI:10.7606/j.issn.1000-4025.2017.08.1616. WU X B, YAO J Y, SUN Q H, et al. Effects of anthropogenic disturbances on the niche of the main populations in a Symplocos sumuntia secondary forest community in Bifengxia, Sichuan[J]. Acta Botanica Boreali-Occidentalia Sinica, 2017, 37(8): 1616-1626. [24] 郝建锋, 张逸博, 李艳, 等. 人为干扰对川西碧峰峡山矾次生林群落结构和物种多样性的影响[J]. 热带亚热带植物学报, 2016, 24(5): 559-567. DOI: 10.11926/j.issn.1005-3395.2016.05.012 HAO J F, ZHANG Y B, LI Y, et al. Effects of human disturbance on species diversity and community structure of Symplocos sumuntia secondary forest in Bifengxia in western Sichuan[J]. Journal of Tropical and Subtropical Botany, 2016, 24(5): 559-567. [25] 巩劼, 陆林, 晋秀龙, 等. 黄山风景区旅游干扰对植物群落及其土壤性质的影响[J]. 生态学报, 2009, 29(5): 2239-2251. DOI:10.3321/j.issn:1000-0933.2009.05.008. GONG J, LU L, JIN X L, et al. Impacts of tourist disturbance on plant communities and soil properties in Huangshan Mountain scenic area[J]. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2009, 29(5): 2239-2251. [26] 彭羽, 刘雪华, 薛达元, 等. 城市化对本土植物多样性的影响: 以廊坊市为例[J]. 生态学报, 2012, 32(3): 723-729. DOI:10.5846/stxb201102140170. PENG Y, LIU X H, XUE D Y, et al. Effects of urbanization on indigenous plant diversity: a case study of Langfang City, China[J]. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2012, 32(3): 723-729. [27] 彭羽, 刘雪华. 城市化对植物多样性影响的研究进展[J]. 生物多样性, 2007, 15(5): 558-562. DOI:10.3321/j.issn:1005-0094.2007.05.014. PENG Y, LIU X H. Research progress in effects of urbanization on plant biodiversity[J]. Biodiversity Science, 2007, 15(5): 558-562.

Last Update: 2019-10-08