我们的网站为什么显示成这样?

可能因为您的浏览器不支持样式,您可以更新您的浏览器到最新版本,以获取对此功能的支持,访问下面的网站,获取关于浏览器的信息:

|Table of Contents|

林木根际微生态过程与细根寿命调控机制研究进展(PDF)

《南京林业大学学报(自然科学版)》[ISSN:1000-2006/CN:32-1161/S]

Issue:
2019年05期
Page:
141-148
Column:
综合述评
publishdate:
2019-09-20

Article Info:/Info

Title:
Review on micro-ecological processes in rhizosphere soils of trees and the modulation mechanisms of fine roots lifespan
Article ID:
1000-2006(2019)05-0141-08
Author(s):
WANG Yanping
(Forestry College of Shandong Agricultural University, Taishan Forest Ecosystem Research Station of State Forestry and Grassland Administration, Tai'an 271018, China)
Keywords:
roots-microbes interaction fine root lifespan programmed cell death quorum sensing signal reactive oxygen species(ROS)
Classification number :
S718.5
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.201808017
Document Code:
A
Abstract:
Fine roots play important roles in biological and ecological processes of the forest ecosystem. The lifespans of fine roots are controlled by tree species genetics and environmental factors. Rhizosphere serves as an interaction zone among plant, soil and microbes, in which the biological and ecological processes demonstrate decisive significances on root lifespans. Based on the dominant factors controlling root lifespans, this review focuses on three topics about the effects of plant roots and microbes interaction on root lifespans(i.e, the carbon rhizo-deposition and micro-ecological processes in rhizosphere, the effects of roots on microbial communities assembly in rhizosphere soils, the potential mechanisms of microbial communities modulating fine root lifespan). In the review, the chemical cross-talk between plant and microbes is considered to be very important in the future studies about the relationship between roots and soils. The photosynthetic carbon provides the connection between roots and soil microbes. The carbon accumulation in rhizosphere soils promotes the colonization of microbes around the roots, leading to the significant differences of microbial communities between rhizosphere and bulk soils. The signal substances from roots and microbes might affect root growth and development during the root-soil interaction. As the important quorum sensing signal among bacteria, Acyl-homoserine lactones(AHLs)could attend the modulation of root cell apoptosis. The reactive oxygen species(ROS)was observed to be accumulated in the roots after being infected by fungi, which also modulated the root cell apoptosis; however, the study about microbes attending the modulation of root lifespan is still not reported. Two models should be established in the future, one is about the relationships between bacterial communities succession, quorum sensing signals expression, and fine root longevity, another is about the relationships between fungal infection, ROS homeostasis modulation, and fine root longevity. The models would provide insights into the micro-ecological modulation mechanism of fine roots senescence and apoptosis in trees, and also be helpful to reveal the effects of root-soil interaction on fine root lifespans.

References

[1] HENDRICKS J J, NADELHOFFER K J, ABER J D. Assessing the role of fine roots in carbon and nutrient cycling[J]. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 1993, 8(5): 174-178. DOI:10.1016/0169-5347(93)90143-d. [2] VOGT K A, GRIER C C, VOGT D J. Production, turnover, and nutrient dynamics of above-and belowground detritus of world forests[G]//VOGT K A, GRIER C C, VOGT D J. Advances in Ecological Research. New York: Elsevier Academic Press, 1986: 303-377. [3] BLOOMFIELD J, VOGT K A, WARGO P M. Tree root turnover and senescence[G]//WAISEL Y, ESHEL A, KAFKAFI U. Plant roots, the hidden half. 2nd ed. New York: Marcel Dekker Press, 1996:363-381. [4] 张小全, 吴可红. 森林细根生产和周转研究[J]. 林业科学, 2001, 37(3): 126-138.DOI:10.3321/j.issn:1001-7488.2001.03.021. ZHANG X Q, WU K H. Fine-root production and turnover for forest ecosystems[J]. Scientia Silvae Sinicae, 2001, 37(3): 126-138. [5] GILL R A, JACKSON R B. Global patterns of root turnover for terrestrial ecosystems[J]. New Phytologist, 2000, 147(1): 13-31. DOI:10.1046/j.1469-8137.2000.00681.x. [6] JACKSON R B, MOONEY H A, SCHULZE E D. A global budget for fine root biomass, surface area, and nutrient contents[J]. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 1997, 94(14): 7362-7366. DOI:10.1073/pnas.94.14.7362. [7] POWERS J S, PERÉZ-AVILES D. Edaphic factors are a more important control on surface fine roots than stand age in secondary tropical dry forests[J]. Biotropica, 2013, 45(1): 1-9. DOI:10.1111/j.1744-7429.2012.00881.x. [8] PEEK M S. Explaining variation in fine root life span[G]//ESSER K. Progress in Botany. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag, 2007: 382-398. [9] WITHINGTON J M, REICH P B, OLEKSYN J, et al. Comparisons of structure and life span in roots and leaves among temperate trees[J]. Ecological Monographs, 2006, 76(3): 381-397. DOI:10.1890/0012-9615(2006)076[0381:cosals]2.0.co; 2. [10] WELLS C E, EISSENSTAT D M. Marked differences in survivorship among apple roots of different diameters[J]. Ecology, 2001, 82(3): 882-892. DOI: 10.2307/2680206. [11] PREGITZER K S, DEFOREST J L, BURTON A J, et al. Fine root architecture of nine North American trees[J]. Ecological Monographs, 2002, 72(2): 293-309. DOI: 10.2307/3100029. [12] PREGITZER K S, KUBISKE M E, YU C K, et al. Relationships among root branch order, carbon, and nitrogen in four temperate species[J]. Oecologia, 1997, 111(3): 302-308. DOI: 10.1007/s004420050239. [13] MCCORMACK L M, ADAMS T S, SMITHWICK E A, et al. Predicting fine root lifespan from plant functional traits in temperate trees[J]. New Phytologist, 2012, 195(4): 823-31. DOI: 10.1111/j.1469-8137.2012.04198.x. [14] PREGITZER K S, KING J S, BURTON A J, et al. Responses of tree fine roots to temperature[J]. New Phytologist, 2000, 147(1): 105-115. DOI: 10.1046/j.1469-8137.2000.00689.x [15] NORBY R S, JACKSON R B. Root dynamics and global change: seeking an ecosystem perspective[J]. New Phytologist, 2000, 147(1): 3-12. DOI: 10.1046/j.1469-8137.2000.00676.x. [16] MCCORMACK M L, GUO D L. Impacts of environmental factors on fine root lifespan[J]. Frontiers in Plant Science, 2014, 5(5): 205. DOI: 10.3389/fpls.2014.00205. [17] SASSE J, MARTINOIA E, NORTHEN T. Feed your friends: do plant exudates shape the root microbiome?[J]. Trends in Plant Science, 2018, 23(1): 25-41. DOI:10.1016/j.tplants.2017.09.003. [18] MARSCHNER H. Mineral nutrition of higher plants[M]. New York: Elsevier Academic Press, 1995. [19] EISSENSTAT D M. Trade-offs in root form and function[G]//JACKSON L E. Ecology in agriculture. New York: Elsevier Academic Press, 1997: 173-199. [20] FARRAR J, HAWES M, JONES D, et al. How roots control the flux of carbon to the rhizosphere[J]. Ecology, 2003, 84(4): 827-837. DOI:10.1890/0012-9658(2003)084[0827:hrctfo]2.0.co; 2. [21] JONES D L, NGUYEN C, FINLAY R D. Carbon flow in the rhizosphere: carbon trading at the soil-root interface[J]. Plant and Soil, 2009, 321(1/2): 5-33. DOI:10.1007/s11104-009-9925-0. [22] VAN HEES P A W, GODBOLD D L, JENTSCHKE G, et al. Impact of ectomycorrhizas on the concentration and biodegradation of simple organic acids in a forest soil[J]. European Journal of Soil Science, 2003, 54(4): 697-706. DOI:10.1046/j.1351-0754.2003.0561.x. [23] VAN HEES P A W, LUNDSTRÖM U S, MÖRTH C M. Dissolution of microcline and labradorite in a forest O horizon extract: the effect of naturally occurring organic acids[J]. Chemical Geology, 2002, 189(3/4): 199-211. DOI:10.1016/s0009-2541(02)00141-9. [24] HAICHAR F Z, SANTAELLA C, HEULIN T, et al. Root exudates mediated interactions belowground[J]. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 2014, 77(7): 69-80. DOI: 10.1016/j.soilbio.2014.06.017. [25] BADRI D V, VIVANCO J M. Regulation and function of root exudates[J]. Plant, Cell & Environment, 2009, 32(6): 666-681. DOI:10.1111/j.1365-3040.2009.01926.x. [26] PINTON R, VARANINI Z, NANNIPIERI P. The rhizosphere, biochemistry and organic substances at the soil-plant interface[M]. London: CRC Press, 2007. [27] GORDON W S, JACKSON R B. Nutrient concentrations in fine roots[J]. Ecology, 2000, 81(1): 275-280. DOI: 10.2307/177151. [28] PHILIPPOT L, RAAIJMAKERS J M, LEMANCEAU P, et al. Going back to the roots: the microbial ecology of the rhizosphere[J]. Nature Reviews Microbiology, 2013, 11(11): 789-799. DOI:10.1038/nrmicro3109. [29] BAETZ U, MARTINOIA E. Root exudates: the hidden part of plant defense[J]. Trends in Plant Science, 2014, 19(2): 90-98. DOI:10.1016/j.tplants.2013.11.006. [30] SOKOL N W, KUEBBING S E, KARLSEN-AYALA E, et al. Evidence for the primacy of living root inputs, not root or shoot litter, in forming soil organic carbon[J]. New Phytologist, 2019, 221(1): 233-246. DOI:10.1111/nph.15361. [31] HAICHAR F Z, MOROL C, BERGE O, et al. Plant host habitat and root exudates shape soil bacterial community structure[J]. The ISME Journal, 2008, 2(12): 1221-1230. DOI: 10.1038/ismej.2008.80. [32] KUZYAKOV Y. Priming effects: interactions between living and dead organic matter[J]. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 2010, 42(9): 1363-1371. DOI:10.1016/j.soilbio.2010.04.003. [33] 张宝贵, 李贵桐. 土壤生物在土壤磷有效化中的作用[J]. 土壤学报, 1998, 35(1): 104-111. DOI: 10.11766/trxb199508270115. ZHANG B G, LI G T. Roles of soil organisms on the enhancement of plant availability of soil phosphorus[J]. Acta Pedologica Sinica, 1998, 35(1): 104-111. [34] YEHUDA Z, SHENKER M, HADAR Y, et al. Remedy of chlorosis induced by iron deficiency in plants with the fungal siderophore rhizoferrin[J]. Journal of Plant Nutrition, 2000, 23(11/12): 1991-2006. DOI:10.1080/01904160009382160. [35] ROBERTSON G P, GROFFMAN P M. Nitrogen transformation [G]//PAUL E A. Soil microbiology, ecology and biochemistry. Burlington: Elsevier Academic Press, 2007: 341-364. [36] YANG J, KLOEPPER J W, RYU C M. Rhizosphere bacteria help plants tolerate abiotic stress[J]. Trends in Plant Science, 2009, 14(1): 1-4. DOI:10.1016/j.tplants.2008.10.004. [37] AGRIOS G N. Plant pathology[M]. 5th ed. New York: Elsevier Academic Press, 2005. [38] OGER P M, MANSOURI H, NESME X, et al. Engineering root exudation of lotus toward the production of two novel carbon compounds leads to the selection of distinct microbial populations in the rhizosphere[J]. Microbial Ecology, 2004, 47(1): 96-103. DOI:10.1007/s00248-003-2012-9. [39] FREY-KLETT P, CHAVATTE M, CLAUSSE M L, et al. Ectomycorrhizal symbiosis affects functional diversity of rhizosphere fluorescent pseudomonads[J]. New Phytologist, 2004, 165(1): 317-328. DOI:10.1111/j.1469-8137.2004.01212.x. [40] 安韶山, 李国辉, 陈利顶. 宁南山区典型植物根际与非根际土壤微生物功能多样性[J]. 生态学报, 2011, 31(18): 5225-5234. AN S S, LI G H, CHEN L D. Soil microbial functional diversity between rhizosphere and non-rhizosphere of typical plants in the hilly area of southern Nixia[J]. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2011, 31(18): 5225-5234. [41] 邱权, 李吉跃, 王军辉, 等. 西宁南山4种灌木根际和非根际土壤微生物、酶活性和养分特征[J]. 生态学报, 2014, 34(24): 7411-7420. DOI:10.5846/stxb201303180448. QIU Q, LI J Y, WANG J H, et al. Microbes, enzyme activities and nutrient characteristics of rhizosphere and non-rhizosphere soils under four shrubs in Xining Nanshan, prefecture, China[J]. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2014, 34(24): 7411-7420. [42] UROZ S, OGER P, MORIN E, et al. Distinct ectomycorrhizospheres share similar bacterial communities as revealed by pyrosequencing-based analysis of 16S rRNA genes[J]. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 2012, 78(8): 3020-3024. DOI:10.1128/aem.06742-11. [43] JONES D L, HODGE A, KUZYAKOV Y. Plant and mycorrhizal regulation of rhizodeposition[J]. New Phytologist, 2004, 163(3): 459-480. DOI:10.1111/j.1469-8137.2004.01130.x. [44] RYAN R P, GERMAINE K, FRANKS A, et al. Bacterial endophytes: recent developments and applications[J]. FEMS Microbiology Letters, 2008, 278(1): 1-9. DOI:10.1111/j.1574-6968.2007.00918.x. [45] LUGTENBERG B, KAMILOVA F. Plant-growth-promoting rhizobacteria[J]. Annual Review of Microbiology, 2009, 63(1): 541-556. DOI:10.1146/annurev.micro.62.081307.162918. [46] ZHALNINA K, LOUIE K B, HAO Z, et al. Dynamic root exudate chemistry and microbial substrate preferences drive patterns in rhizosphere microbial community assembly[J].Nature Microbiology, 2018, 3(4): 470-480. DOI:10.1038/s41564-018-0129-3. [47] BOUDET A M. Evolution and current status of research in phenolic compounds[J]. Phytochemistry, 2007, 68(22/23/24): 2722-2735. DOI:10.1016/j.phytochem.2007.06.012. [48] DEASCENSAO A R F D C, DUBERY I A. Soluble and wall-bound phenolics and phenolic polymers in Musa acuminata roots exposed to elicitors from Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense[J]. Phytochemistry, 2003, 63(6): 679-686. DOI:10.1016/s0031-9422(03)00286-3. [49] FERREYRA M L F, RIUS S P, CASATI P. Flavonoids: biosynthesis, biological functions, and biotechnological applications[J]. Frontiers in Plant Science, 2012, 3:1-15. DOI: 10.3389/fpls.2012.00222. [50] ZENG R S, MALLIK A U, LUO S M. Allelopathy in sustainable agriculture and forestry[M]. New York: Spring Press, 2008. [51] INDERJIT, MALLIK A U. Effect of phenolic compounds on selected soil properties[J]. Forest Ecology and Management, 1997, 92(1/2/3): 11-18. DOI:10.1016/s0378-1127(96)03957-6. [52] MARTENS D A. Relationship between plant phenolic acids released during soil mineralization and aggregate stabilization[J]. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 2002, 66(6):1857-1867. DOI: 10.2136/sssaj2002.1857. [53] LI Z H, WANG Q, RUAN X, et al. Phenolics and plant allelopathy[J]. Molecules, 2010, 15(12): 8933-8952. DOI:10.3390/molecules15128933. [54] MANDAL S M, CHAKRABORTY D, DEY S. Phenolic acids act as signaling molecules in plant-microbe symbioses[J]. Plant Signaling & Behavior, 2010, 5(4): 359-368. DOI:10.4161/psb.5.4.10871. [55] BLUM U, STAMAN K L, FLINT L J, et al. Induction and/or selection of phenolic acid-utilizing bulk-soil and rhizosphere bacteria and their influence on phenolic acid phytotoxicity[J]. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 2000, 26(9): 2059-2078. DOI:10.1023/A:1005560214222. [56] CHAKRABORTY D, MANDAL S M. Fractional changes in phenolic acids composition in root nodules of Arachis hypogaea L.[J]. Plant Growth Regulation, 2008, 55(3): 159-163. DOI:10.1007/s10725-008-9275-6. [57] BAIS H P, WEIR T L, PERRY L G, et al. The role of root exudates in rhizosphere interactions with plants and other organisms[J]. Annual Review of Plant Biology, 2006, 57(1): 233-266. DOI:10.1146/annurev.arplant.57.032905.105159. [58] DOORNBOS R F, VAN LOON L C, BAKKER P A H M. Impact of root exudates and plant defense signaling on bacterial communities in the rhizosphere: a review[J]. Agronomy for Sustainable Development, 2012, 32(1): 227-243. DOI:10.1007/s13593-011-0028-y. [59] BADRI D V, CHAPARRO J M, ZHANG R F, et al. Application of natural blends of phytochemicals derived from the root exudates of Arabidopsis to the soil reveal that phenolic-related compounds predominantly modulate the soil microbiome[J]. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 2013, 288(7): 4502-4512. DOI:10.1074/jbc.m112.433300. [60] BADRI D V, WEIR T L, VAN DER LELIE D, et al. Rhizosphere chemical dialogues: plant-microbe interactions[J]. Current Opinion in Biotechnology, 2009, 20(6): 642-650. DOI:10.1016/j.copbio.2009.09.014. [61] WANG Y P, LI C R, WANG Q K, et al. Environmental behaviors of phenolic acids dominated their rhizodeposition in boreal poplar plantation forest soils[J]. Journal of Soils and Sediments, 2016, 16(7): 1858-1870. DOI:10.1007/s11368-016-1375-8. [62] GUO D L, XIA M X, WEI X, et al. Anatomical traits associated with absorption and mycorrhizal colonization are linked to root branch order in twenty-three Chinese temperate tree species[J]. New Phytologist, 2008, 180(3): 673-683. DOI:10.1111/j.1469-8137.2008.02573.x. [63] KONG D L, MA C G, ZHANG Q, et al. Leading dimensions in absorptive root trait variation across 96 subtropical forest species[J]. New Phytologist, 2014, 203(3): 863-872. DOI:10.1111/nph.12842. [64] KING J S, ALBAUGH T J, ALLEN H L, et al. Belowground carbon input to soil is controlled by nutrient availability and fine root dynamics in loblolly pine[J]. New Phytologist, 2002, 154(2): 389-398. DOI: 10.1046/j.1469-8137.2002.00393.x. [65] HOOKER J E, BLACK K E, PERRY R L, et al. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi induced alteration to root longevity of poplar[J]. Plant and Soil, 1995, 172(2): 327-329. DOI:10.1007/bf00011335. [66] BERG G, GRUBE M, SCHLOTER M, et al. Unraveling the plant microbiome: looking back and future perspectives[J]. Frontiers in Microbiology, 2014, 5: 148. DOI:10.3389/fmicb.2014.00148. [67] GREGORY P J. Roots, rhizosphere and soil: the route to a better understanding of soil science?[J]. European Journal of Soil Science, 2006, 57(1): 2-12. DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2389.2005.00778.x. [68] UROZ S, BUÉE M, MURAT C, et al. Pyrosequencing reveals a contrasted bacterial diversity between oak rhizosphere and surrounding soil[J]. Environmental Microbiology Reports, 2010, 2(2): 281-288. DOI:10.1111/j.1758-2229.2009.00117.x. [69] HENSE B A, KUTTLER C, MÜLLER J, et al. Does efficiency sensing unify diffusion and quorum sensing?[J]. Nature Reviews Microbiology, 2007, 5(3): 230-239. DOI:10.1038/nrmicro1600. [70] BAUER W D, MATHESIUS U. Plant responses to bacterial quorum sensing signals[J]. Current Opinion in Plant Biology, 2004, 7(4): 429-433. DOI:10.1016/j.pbi.2004.05.008. [71] HARTMANN A, ROTHBALLER M, HENSE B A, et al. Bacterial quorum sensing compounds are important modulators of microbe-plant interactions[J]. Frontiers in Plant Science, 2014, 5: 131. DOI:10.3389/fpls.2014.00131. [72] VON BODMAN S B, BAUER W D, COPLIN D L. Quorumsensing inplant-pathogenic bacteria[J]. Annual Review of Phytopathology, 2003, 41(1): 455-482. DOI:10.1146/annurev.phyto.41.052002.095652. [73] WHITELEY M, DIGGLE S P, GREENBERG E P. Progress in and promise of bacterial quorum sensing research[J]. Nature, 2017, 551(7680): 313-320. DOI:10.1038/nature24624. [74] SCOTT R A, WEIL J, LE P T, et al. Long-and short-chain plant-produced bacterial N-acyl-homoserine lactones become components of phyllosphere, rhizosphere, and soil[J]. Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions, 2006, 19(3): 227-239. DOI:10.1094/mpmi-19-0227. [75] VON RAD U, KLEIN I, DOBREV P I, et al. Response of Arabidopsis thaliana to N-hexanoyl-dl-homoserine-lactone, a bacterial quorum sensing molecule produced in the rhizosphere[J]. Planta, 2008, 229(1): 73-85. DOI:10.1007/s00425-008-0811-4. [76] LIU F, BIAN Z, JIA Z H, et al. The GCR1 and GPA1 participate in promotion of Arabidopsis primary root elongation induced by N-acyl-homoserine lactones, the bacterial quorum-sensing signals[J]. Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions, 2012, 25(5): 677-683. DOI:10.1094/mpmi-10-11-0274. [77] JIN G P, LIU F, MA H, et al. Two G-protein-coupled-receptor candidates, Cand 2 and Cand 7, are involved in Arabidopsis root growth mediated by the bacterial quorum-sensing signals N-acyl-homoserine lactones[J]. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, 2012, 417(3): 991-995. DOI:10.1016/j.bbrc.2011.12.066. [78] SCHIKORA A, SCHENK S T, STEIN E, et al. N-acyl-homoserine lactone confers resistance toward biotrophic and hemibiotrophic pathogens via altered activation of AtMPK6[J]. Plant Physiology, 2011, 157(3): 1407-1418. DOI:10.1104/pp.111.180604. [79] SCHENK S T, STEIN E, KOGEL K H, et al. Arabidopsis growth and defense are modulated by bacterial quorum sensing molecules[J]. Plant Signaling & Behavior, 2012, 7(2): 178-181. DOI:10.4161/psb.18789. [80] TATEDA K, ISHII Y, HORIKAWA M, et al. The Pseudomonas aeruginosa autoinducer N-3-oxododecanoyl homoserine lactone accelerates apoptosis in macrophages and neutrophils[J]. Infection and Immunity, 2003, 71(10): 5785-5793. DOI:10.1128/iai.71.10.5785-5793.2003. [81] DÍAZ-TIELAS C, GRAÑA E, SOTELO T, et al. The natural compound trans-chalcone induces programmed cell death in Arabidopsis thaliana roots[J]. Plant, Cell & Environment, 2012, 35(8): 1500-1517. DOI:10.1111/j.1365-3040.2012.02506.x. [82] MATHESIUS U, MULDERS S, GAO M, et al. Extensive and specific responses of a eukaryote to bacterial quorum-sensing signals[J]. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 2003, 100(3): 1444-1449. DOI:10.1073/pnas.262672599. [83] SMITH S E, READ D J. Mycorrhizal symbiosis[M]. 3rd ed. New York: Elsevier Academic Press, 2008. [84] DRIGO B, PIJL A S, DUYTS H, et al. Shifting carbon flow from roots into associated microbial communities in response to elevated atmospheric CO2[J]. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 2010, 107(24): 10938-10942. DOI:10.1073/pnas.0912421107. [85] MA Z Q, GUO D L, XU X L, et al. Evolutionary history resolves global organization of root functional traits[J]. Nature, 2018, 555(7694): 94-97. DOI:10.1038/nature25783. [86] MAJDI H, DAMM E, NYLUND J E. Longevity of mycorrhizal roots depends on branching order and nutrient availability[J]. New Phytologist, 2001, 150(1): 195-202. DOI:10.1046/j.1469-8137.2001.00065.x. [87] VALENZUELA-ESTRADA L R, VERA-CARABALLO V, RUTH L E, et al. Root anatomy, morphology, and longevity among root orders in Vaccinium corymbosum(Ericaceae)[J]. American Journal of Botany, 2008, 95(12): 1506-1514. DOI:10.3732/ajb.0800092. [88] XIA M X, GUO D L, PREGITZER K S. Ephemeral root modules in Fraxinus mandshurica[J]. New Phytologist, 2010, 188(4):1065-1074. DOI: 10.1111/j.1469-8137.2010.03423.x. [89] HOOKER J E, MUNRO M, ATKINSON D. Vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi induced alteration in poplar root system morphology[J]. Plant and Soil, 1992, 145(2): 207-214. DOI:10.1007/bf00010349. [90] CHEN H Y, BRASSARD B W. Intrinsic and extrinsic controls of fine root life span[J]. Critical Reviews in Plant Sciences, 2013, 32(3):151-161. DOI: 10.1080/07352689.2012.734742. [91] SIERLA M, WASZCZAK C, VAHISALU T, et al. Reactive oxygen species in the regulation of stomatal movements[J]. Plant Physiology, 2016, 171(3): 1569-1580. DOI:10.1104/pp.16.00328. [92] GECHEV T S, HILLE J. Hydrogen peroxide as a signal controlling plant programmed cell death[J]. The Journal of Cell Biology, 2005, 168(1): 17-20. DOI:10.1083/jcb.200409170. [93]MITTLER R, VANDERAUWERA S, SUZUKI N, et al. ROS signaling: the new wave? [J]. Trends in Plant Science, 2011, 16(6):300-309. DOI: 10.1016/j.tplants.2011.03.007. [94] DIETZ K J, MITTLER R, NOCTOR G. Recent progress in understanding the role of reactive oxygen species in plant cell signaling[J]. Plant Physiology, 2016, 171(3): 1535-1539. DOI:10.1104/pp.16.00938. [95] ROUHIER N, JACQUOT J P. Plant peroxiredoxins: alternative hydroperoxide scavenging enzymes[J]. Photosynthesis Research, 2002, 74(3): 259-268. DOI:10.1023/A:1021218932260. [96] PASSARDI F, ZAMOCKY M, FAVET J, et al. Phylogenetic distribution of catalase-peroxidases: are there patches of order in chaos?[J]. Gene, 2007, 397(1/2): 101-113. DOI:10.1016/j.gene.2007.04.016. [97] KELLER T, DAMUDE H G, WERNER D, et al. A plant homolog of the neutrophil NADPH oxidase gp91phox subunit gene encodes a plasma membrane protein with Ca2+ binding motifs[J]. Plant Cell, 1998, 10(2):255-266.DOI: 10.1039/b205303a. [98] SAGI M, FLUHR R. Production of reactive oxygen species by plant NADPH oxidases[J]. Plant Physiology, 2006, 141(2):336-340. DOI: 10.1104/pp.106.078089. [99] BAXTER A, MITTLER R, SUZUKI N. ROS as key players in plant stress signaling[J]. Journal of Experimental Botany, 2014, 65(5): 1229-1240. DOI:10.1093/jxb/ert375. [100] 段倩倩, 杨晓红, 黄先智. 植物与丛植菌根真菌在共生早期的信号交流[J]. 微生物学报, 2015, 55(7):819-825. DOI:10.13343/j.cnki.wsxb.20140438. DUAN Q Q, YANG X H, HUANG X Z. Signal exchange between plants and arbuscular mycorrhizae fungi during the early stage of symbiosis: a review [J]. Acta Microbiologica Sinica, 2015, 55(7):819-825. [101] NANDA A K, ANDRIO E, MARINO D, et al. Reactive oxygen species during plant-microorganism early interactions[J]. Journal of Integrative Plant Biology, 2010, 52(2):195-204. DOI: 10.1111/j.1744-7909.2010.00933.x. [102] SMITHWICK E A H, EISSENSTAT D M, LOVETT G M, et al. Root stress and nitrogen deposition: consequences and research priorities[J]. New Phytologist, 2013, 197(3): 712-719. DOI:10.1111/nph.12081.

Last Update: 2019-10-08