[1]陈志伟,伊贤贵,王贤荣*,等.黄山微毛樱群落主要种群生态位特征[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2014,38(增刊):039-46.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.2014.S1.009]
 CHEN Zhiwei,YI Xiangui,WANG Xianrong*,et al.Niche characteristics of dominant population of Cerasus clarofolia community in Huangshan Mountain[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2014,38(增刊):039-46.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.2014.S1.009]
点击复制

黄山微毛樱群落主要种群生态位特征
分享到:

《南京林业大学学报(自然科学版)》[ISSN:1000-2006/CN:32-1161/S]

卷:
38
期数:
2014年增刊
页码:
039-46
栏目:
研究论文
出版日期:
2014-10-29

文章信息/Info

Title:
Niche characteristics of dominant population of Cerasus clarofolia community in Huangshan Mountain
文章编号:
1000-2006(2014)S1-0039-08
作者:
陈志伟12伊贤贵1王贤荣1*谢春平13南程慧13汪小飞4
1.南京林业大学生物与环境学院,江苏 南京 210037;
2.福建省漳州市林业局,福建 漳州 363000;
3.南京森林警察学院,江苏 南京 210023;
4.黄山学院生命与环境科学学院,安徽 黄山 245041
Author(s):
CHEN Zhiwei12 YI Xiangui1 WANG Xianrong1* XIE Chunping13 NAN Chenghui13 WANG Xiaofei4
1.College of Biology and the Environment, Nanjing Forestry University, Nanjing 210037, China;
2.Zhangzhou Forestry Bureau, Zhangzhou 363000, China;
3.Nanjing Forest Police College, Nanjing 210023, China;
4.College of Life and Environment
关键词:
微毛樱群落 生态位宽度 生态位重叠 黄山
Keywords:
Cerasus clarofolia community niche breadth niche overlap Huangshan Mountain
分类号:
S718.5
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.2014.S1.009
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
利用Levins、Hurlbert生态位宽度公式和Horn生态位重叠公式,测定了黄山微毛樱群落13种重要乔木和16种主要灌木种群的生态位宽度和生态位重叠。结果表明:乔木层中,微毛樱和白檀生态位宽度较大,Bi(Levins生态宽度)和Ba(Hurlbert生态位宽度)分别为0.942、0.884和0.939、0.730,而黄山松和小叶白辛树等的生态位宽度较小; 生态位重叠值小于0.5的种对有47对,占总数的60.3%; 生态位重叠值大于0.5的种对有28对,占总数的35.9%; 不发生重叠的种对有3对。灌木层中,白檀的幼树、伞八仙和华空木为优势种,其BiBa分别为0.872、0.862,0.799、0.742和0.689、0.587,而鸡桑、锐齿臭樱和棣棠的生态位宽度较小; 生态位重叠值小于0.5的种对有67对,占总数的55.8%; 生态位重叠值大于0.5的种对有48对,占总数的40.0%; 不发生重叠的种对有5对。具有较大生态位宽度的树种是微毛樱群落的主要优势种或伴生种,对群落小气候具有广泛的适应性。具有相似生境要求或相似生物学特征的物种间生态位重叠较大,生态位宽度较窄的物种间也可能存在较大的生态位重叠。
Abstract:
The niche breadths and overlaps of 13 dominant populations in tree layer and 16 dominant populations in shrub layer of Cerasus clarofolia community in Huangshan Mountain scenic areas were measured using the formulas described by Levins, Hurlbert and Horn. The results showed that in the tree layer, niche breadths of C.clarofolia and Symplocos paniculata were broader than other species, with Levins(Bi)and Hurlbert’s(Ba)values being 0.942, 0.884 and 0.939, 0.730, respectively, but that of Quercus stewardii, Pinus taiwanensis and Pterostyrax corymbosus were narrower. Forty-seven species counterparts, accounting for 60.3% of the total, had niche overlap values smaller than 0.5; twenty-eight species counterparts, accounting for 35.9%, had niche overlap values larger than 0.5, and 3 species counterparts had no niche overlap. In shrub layer, young tree of S. paniculata, Hydrangea angustipetala and Stephanandra chinensis had broder niche breadths, and their Bi and Ba values were 0.872, 0.862, 0.799, 0.742 and 0.689, 0.587, respectively, while Morus australis, Maddenia incisoserrata and Kerria japonica had narrower niche breadths. Sixty-seven species counterparts, accounting for 55.8% of the total, had niche overlap values smaller than 0.5; Forty-eight species counterparts, accounting for 40.0%, had niche overlap values larger than 0.5, and 5 species counterparts had no niche overlap. Those species with broader niche breadths were dominant or accompanying species, and had high adaptability to community microclimate characteristics. The niche overlaps among the species with the same or similar environment requirements and similar biological properties were greater, and it is possible for the species with narrower niche breadths to overlap more.

参考文献/References:

[1] 孙儒泳,李庆芬,牛翠娟,等.基础生态学[M].北京:高等教育出版社,2002.
[2] 胡有宁,王得祥,黄青平,等.陕西周至老县城自然保护区天然林物种组成及主要种群生态位[J].西北植物学报,2012,32(6):1238-1244.Hu Y N, Wang D X, Huang Q P, et al. Species composition and population niche of natural forests in Zhouzhi Laoxiancheng Natural Reserve of Shaanxi [J].Acta Bot Boreal-Occident Sin,2012,32(6):1238-1244.
[3] 李军玲,张金屯.太行山中段植物群落优势种生态位研究[J].植物研究,2006,26(2):156-162.Li J L, Zhang J T. Niche of dominant species in the midst of Taihang Mountain[J].Bulletin of Botanical Research,2006,26(2):156-162.
[4] 蓝良就,黄炎和,李德成,等.退化红壤恢复过程中灌木层主要种群的生态位[J].福建农林大学学报:自然科学版,2012,41(2):176-182.Lan L J, Huang Y H, Li D C, et al. Niche of dominant populations in the shrub layer of restored communities in degraded red soil[J].Journal of Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University:Natural Sciences Edition, 2012,41(2):176-182.
[5] 程小琴,韩海荣,魏阿沙,等.山西省庞泉沟自然保护区森林群落主要物种生态位特征[J].北京林业大学学报,2007,29(S2):283-287.Cheng X Q, Han H R, Wei A S, et al. Niche characteristics of dominant species in forest community in Pangquangou Nature Reserve, Shanxi Province[J].Journal of Beijing Forestry University,2007,29(S2):283-287.
[6] 俞德浚,李朝銮.中国植物志:第38卷[M].北京:科学出版社,1986:54-56.
[7] 王贤荣,向其柏.樱属植物分类研究[J].南京林业大学学报,1999,23(6):61-64.Wang X R, Xiang Q B. Notes on some species of the genus Cerasus Miq.(Rosaceae)[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University, 1999, 23(6):61-64.
[8] 陈志伟,汪小飞,伊贤贵,等.微毛樱离体快繁初步研究[J].福建林学院学报,2011,31(4):349-353.Chen Z W, Wang X F, Yi X G, et al. A preliminary study on the in vitro culture of Cearasus clarofolia[J].Journal of Fujian College of Forestry,2011,31(4):349-353.
[9] 胡嘉琪,梁师文.黄山植物[M].上海:复旦大学出版社,1996.
[10] 赵睿,周学峰,徐娜娜,等.米心水青冈种群萌条更新与高度生长[J].生态学报,2009,29(7):3665-3669.Zhao R, Zhou X F, Xu N N, et al. Sprouting and height in a Fagus engeriana population[J].Acta Ecologica Sinica,2009,29(7):3665-3669.
[11] 方精云,沈泽昊,唐志尧,等.中国山地植物物种多样性调查计划及若干技术规范[J].生物多样性,2004,12(1):5-9.Fang J Y, Shen Z H, Tang Z R, et al. The protocol for the survey plan for plant species diversity of China’s Mountains [J].Biodiversity Science, 2004,12(1):5-9.
[12] 张金屯.数量生态学[M].北京:科学出版社,2004.
[13] Levins R. Evolution in changing environments some theoretical explorations [M].Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1968.
[14] Hurlbert S H. The measurement of niche overlap and some relatives [J]. Ecology,1978, 59(1):67-77.
[15] 吴征镒.中国种子植物属的分布区类型[J].云南植物研究,1991,13(增刊Ⅳ):1-139.Wu Z Y. The areal-types of Chinese genera of seed plants [J]. Acta Botanica Yunnanica, 1991, 13(Suppl.Ⅳ):1-139.
[16] 谢春平,方彦,方炎明.乌冈栎群落乔木层种群生态位分析[J].中国水土保持科学,2011,9(1):108-114.Xie C P, Fang Y, Fang Y M. Analysis on the tree stratum niche characteristics of Quercus phillyraeoides communities [J].Science of Soil and Water Conservation, 2011,9(1):108-114.
[17] 谢强,覃干超,黄家林.元宝山冷杉群落主要木本种群的生态位分析[J].广西师范大学学报:自然科学版,1998,16(2):79-85.Xie Q, Qin G C, Huang J L. An analysis of the chief tree population of the Abies Yuanbaoshanensis community and their niche relationships[J].Journal of Guangxi Normal University:Natural Sciences Edition,1998,16(2):79-85.
[18] 王刚,赵松岭,张鹏云,等.关于生态位定义的探讨及生态位重叠计测公式改进的研究[J].生态学报,1984,4(2):119-127.Wang G, Zhao S L, Zhang P Y, et al.On the definition of niche and the improved formula for measuring niche overlap [J].Acta Ecologica Sinica,1984,4(2):119-127.
[19] 史作民,程瑞梅,刘世荣.宝天曼落叶阔叶林种群生态位特征[J].应用生态学报,1999,10(3):265-269.Shi Z M, Cheng R M, Liu S R. Niche characteristics of plant populations in deciduous broad-leaved forest in Baotianman [J].Chinese Journal of applied ecology,Jun.,1999,10(3):265-269.
[20] 林伟强,贾小容,陈北光,等.广州冒峰山次生林主要种群生态位宽度与重叠研究[J].华南农业大学学报,2006,27(1):84-87.Lin W Q, Jia X R, Chen B G, et al. Niche breadth and overlap of main populations of the secondary forest community in Maofengshan, Guangzhou[J].Journal of South China Agricultural University,2006,27(1):84-87.
[21] 胡正华,钱海源,于明坚.古田山国家级自然保护区甜槠林优势种群生态位[J].生态学报,2009,29(7):3670-3677.Hu Z H, Qian H Y, Yu M J. The niche of dominant species populations in Castanopsis eyrei forest in Gutian Mountain Naitonal Nature Reserve [J]. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2009,29(7):3670-3677.
[22] 李帅锋,刘万德,苏建荣,等.季风常绿阔叶林不同恢复阶段乔木优势种群生态位和种间联结[J].生态学杂志,2011,30(3):508-515.Li S F, Liu W D, Su J R, et al. Niches and interspecific associations of dominant tree populations at different restoration stages of monsoonal broad-leaved evergreen forest [J].Chinese Journal of Ecology, 2011,30(3):508-515.
[23] 张桂萍,张峰,茹文明.山西绵山植被优势种群生态位研究[J].植物研究,2006,26(2):176-181.Zhang G P, Zhang F, Ru W M. Niche characteristics of dominant populations of vegetation in Mian Mountain,Shanxi [J].Bulletin of Botanical Research, 2006,26(2):176-181.
[24] 黄成林,吴泽民,陈晓红.黄山山顶面区主要植物群落类型及黄山松群落演替规律的探讨[J].安徽农业大学学报,1999,26(4):388-393.Huang C L, Wu Z M, Chen X H. Study on major plant community types and successional rules of Pinus taiwanensis community in Mt. Huangshan, China[J].Journal of Anhui Agricultural University, 1999,26(4):388-393.
[25] 何维明.为什么自然条件下沙地柏种群以无性更新为主?[J].植物生态学报,2002,26(2):235-238.He W M. Why does asexual regeneration of Sabina vulgaris populations dominate in nature? [J].Acta Phytoecologica Sinica, 2002,26(2):235-238.
[26] Bond W J, Midgley J J. Ecology of sprouting in woody plants: the persistence niche[J]. Trends in Ecology & Evolution,2001,16:45-51.

相似文献/References:

[1]孟广涛,柴勇,方向京,等.云南富源光皮桦种群与主要伴生树种生态位研究[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2006,30(02):063.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2006.02.015]
 MENG Guang-tao,CHAI Yong*,FANG Xiang-jing,et al.Study on Niche of Betula luminifera Population and Its Main Associated Tree Species in Fuyuan, Yunnan[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2006,30(增刊):063.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2006.02.015]
[2]张国斌,李秀芹.岭南自然保护区常绿阔叶林优势树种的生态位研究[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2007,31(04):046.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2007.04.010]
 ZHANG Guo bin,LI Xiu-qin.Study on the Niche of Dominant Species in Evergreen Broadleaved Forest in Linnan Nature Reserve[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2007,31(增刊):046.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2007.04.010]
[3]吴倩楠,董建文,郑 宇,等.百里杜鹃国家森林公园优势种生态位研究[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2017,41(02):175.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.2017.02.026]
 WU Qiannan,DONG Jianwen,ZHEN Yu,et al.Niches of the main plant species in Baili Rhododendron National Forest Park[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2017,41(增刊):175.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.2017.02.026]

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2014-09-10
基金项目:江苏省科技支撑计划(BE2012346); 江苏高校优势学科建设工程资助项目(PAPD)
第一作者:陈志伟,硕士。*通信作者:王贤荣,教授,博士。E-mail: wangxianrong66@njfu.edu.cn。
引文格式:陈志伟,伊贤贵,王贤荣,等. 黄山微毛樱群落主要种群生态位特征[J]. 南京林业大学学报:自然科学版,2014,38(S1):39-46.
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01