[1]林树燕,李 洁,赵 荣,等.南京地区孝顺竹的开花生物学特性研究[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2015,39(02):052-56.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.2015.02.009]
 LIN Shuyan,LI Jie,ZHAO Rong,et al.A research on the flowering biological characteristics of Bambusa multiplex in Nanjing City[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2015,39(02):052-56.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.2015.02.009]
点击复制

南京地区孝顺竹的开花生物学特性研究
分享到:

《南京林业大学学报(自然科学版)》[ISSN:1000-2006/CN:32-1161/S]

卷:
39
期数:
2015年02期
页码:
052-56
栏目:
研究论文
出版日期:
2015-04-01

文章信息/Info

Title:
A research on the flowering biological characteristics of Bambusa multiplex in Nanjing City
文章编号:
1000-2006(2015)02-0052-05
作者:
林树燕李 洁赵 荣徐 强丁雨龙*
南京林业大学竹类研究所,江苏 南京 210037
Author(s):
LIN Shuyan LI Jie ZHAO Rong XU QiangDING Yulong*
Bamboo Research Institute of Nanjing Forestry University, Nanjing 210037,China
关键词:
孝顺竹 开花 生物学特性 南京
Keywords:
Bambusa multiplex flowering biology characteristics Nanjing City
分类号:
S718
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.2015.02.009
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
为了解孝顺竹的开花物候、开花动态以及花序特点,通过野外定位观察,对孝顺竹的开花生物学特性进行了观察和测定。结果表明:孝顺竹为假花序,假小穗簇生,为连续开花类型竹种; 南京地区孝顺竹花芽一般在10月初开始分化,次年4—5月小花盛开; 盛花期小花内、外稃张开,雌蕊柱头伸出,雄蕊花丝伸长,花药伸出稃外; 果实为颖果。
Abstract:
The flowering phenology, flowering dynamic and flowering biological characteristics of Bambusa multiplex were observed and detected by positioning through the field observation. The biological characteristics are as follows: Bambusa multiplex belongs to indefinite inflorescence. False spikelets cluster in every nodes of culms and branches. Bambusa multiplex is a continuous flowering bamboo species. In Nanjing the flower buds usually begin to differentiate in October of last year while are in bloom in April and May next year. During the period of full bloom palea and lemma open first, then stigmas protrude and the anthers extend with the filaments elongate. The fruit is the type of caryopsis.

参考文献/References:

[1] Janzen D H. Why bamboos wait so long to flower[J]. Annual Reviews of Ecology and Systematics, 1976, 7: 347-391.
[2] Nadgauda R S, John C K. Floral biology and breeding behavior in the bamboo Dendrocalamus strictus Nees[J]. Tree Physiology, 1993, 13: 401-408.
[3] Ramanayake. Flowering in bamboo: an enigma[J]. Ceylon Journal of Science:Biological Sciences, 2006, 35(2): 95-105.
[4] 张文燕, 马乃训. 五月季竹开花结实的研究[J]. 竹子研究汇刊, 1992, 11(2):15-25.Zhang W Y, Ma N X. A study on flowering and fruting of Phyllostachys bambusoides [J].Journal of Bamboo Research,1992, 11(2):15-25.
[5] Jeeva S, Kiruba S. Flowering of Melocanna baccifera in northeastern India[J]. Current Science, 2009, 96(9): 1165-1166.
[6] 林树燕. 鹅毛竹和异叶苦竹的生殖生物学研究[D]. 南京: 南京林业大学, 2009.Lin S Y.Studies on the reproductive biology of Shibataea chinensis and Arundinaria simonii f. heterophylla[D]. Nanjing:Nanjing Forestry University, 2009.
[7] 林树燕, 丁雨龙,张昊. 5种竹子花粉萌发率及开花特性[J]. 林业科学, 2008, 44(10): 159-164.Lin S Y, Ding Y L, Zhang H. Pollen germination percentage and the floral character of five bamboo species[J]. Scientia Silvae Sinicae,2008,44(10):159-164.
[8] Clayton W D, Vorontsova M, Harman K T. Grass base:the online world grass flora[EB/OL].
[2013-12-20].http://www.kew.org/data/grasses-db/www/imp01284.htm.
[9] 袁金玲, 顾小平, 李潞滨. 孝顺竹愈伤组织诱导及植株再生[J]. 林业科学, 2009, 45(3): 35-40. Yuan J L, Gu X P, Li L B, et al. Callus induction and plantlet regeneration of Bambusa multiplex[J].Scientia Silvae Sinicae, 2009, 45(3): 35-40.
[10] 李洁. 孝顺竹的生殖生物学研究[D]. 南京: 南京林业大学, 2013.Li J. Studies on the reproductive biology of Bambusa multiplex[D]. Nanjing:Nanjing Forestry University, 2009.
[11] McClure F A. 竹子的生殖相:上[J]. 洪效训, 译. 竹子研究汇刊, 1982, 1(2): 104-116.McClure F A. Reproductive phase of bamboos[J]. Journal of Bamboo Research, 1982, 1(2): 104-116.
[12] McClure F A. 竹子的生殖相:下[J]. 洪效训, 译. 竹子研究汇刊, 1983, 2(2): 119-135. McClure F A. Reproductive phase of bamboos[J]. Journal of Bamboo Research, 1983, 2(2): 119-135.
[13] 林树燕, 丁雨龙. 刚竹属3个竹种的开花生物学特性[J]. 林业科技开发, 2007, 21(5): 52-54.Lin S Y, Ding Y L. Studies on the floral biological characteristics of three Phyllostachys bamboo species[J].China Forestry Science and Technology, 2007, 21(5): 52-54.
[14] 林树燕, 郝娟娟,辛华,等. 月月竹大、小孢子发生和雌、雄配子体发育研究[J]. 南京林业大学学报:自然科学版, 2009, 33(3): 9-12.Lin S Y, Hao J J, Xin H, et al. The rnegasporogensis, microsporogensis and the development of their female and male gametophyte in Menstruocalamus sichuanensis[J]. Journal of Nanjing Forestry University: Natural Sciences Edition, 2009,33(3):9-12.
[15] 林树燕, 骆仁祥,丁雨龙,等. 月月竹的花粉萌发力及贮藏力研究[J]. 林业科技开发, 2008, 22(5): 22-24.Lin S Y, Luo R X, Ding Y L,et al. Studies on the pollen vitality and storage capacity in Chimonobambusa sichuanensis[J]. China Forestry Science and Technology,2008,22(5):22-24.
[16] 邢新婷, 傅懋毅, 肖贤坦. 麻竹开花生物学特性观察及控制授粉初步研究[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2005, 27(6):103-107.Xing X T, Fu M Y,Xiao X T. Biological characteristics of flowering and controlled pollination of Dendrocalamus latiflorus[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2005, 27(6): 103-107.
[17] 袁金玲, 顾小平,岳晋军,等. 孝顺竹开花生物学特性及杂交试验[J]. 林业科学, 2011, 47(8): 46-65.Yuan J L, Gu X P,Yue J J,et al. Flowering biology and crossing of Bambusa multiplex[J]. Scientia Silvae Sinicae, 2011, 47(8): 46-65.
[18] 袁金玲,傅懋毅,庄金坤,等.几个丛生竹开花授粉特性及麻竹苗期初步选择[J]. 竹子研究汇刊, 2005, 24(3): 9-13.Yuan J L, Fu M Y, Zhuang J K, et al. The characteristics of flowering and pollinating of several sympodial bamboos and elementary selection of Dendrocalamus latiflorus seedlings[J]. Journal of Bamboo Research, 2005, 24(3): 9-13.
[19] 袁晓亮.雷竹花期生物学特性与花发育解剖学研究[D].临安:浙江林学院,2008.Yuan X L. Studies on florescence biological characteristics and flower developmental anatomy of Phyllostachys praecox [D]. Lin’an: Zhejiang Forestry University, 2008.

相似文献/References:

[1]高素萍,何海峰,雷霆,等.冰冻灾后不同措施对孝顺竹发笋与生长的影响[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2011,35(01):119.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2011.01.027]
 GAO Suping,HE Haifeng,LEI Ting,et al.Effects of different measures on shooting and growth of Bambusa multiplex after the freezing disaster[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2011,35(02):119.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2011.01.027]
[2]林树燕,李 洁,赵 荣,等.孝顺竹花芽分化及小孢子发生与雄配子体发育[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2015,39(04):051.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.2015.04.009]
 LIN Shuyan,LI Jie,ZHAO Rong,et al.The development of flowering bud differentiation and male gametophyte of Bambusa multiplex[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2015,39(02):051.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.2015.04.009]

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2013-12-18 修回日期:2014-05-28
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(31000294); 江苏高校优势学科建设工程资助项目(PAPD); 中国博士后科学基金项目(2014M560427)
第一作者:林树燕,副教授。*通信作者:丁雨龙,教授。E-mail: ylding@vip.163.com。
引文格式:林树燕,李洁,赵荣,等. 南京地区孝顺竹的开花生物学特性研究[J]. 南京林业大学学报:自然科学版,2015,39(2):52-56.
更新日期/Last Update: 2015-03-31