[1]张凯旋,商侃侃,达良俊*.上海环城林带不同植物群落土壤质量综合评价[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2015,39(03):071-77.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.2015.03.014]
 ZHANG Kaixuan,SHANG Kankan,DA Liangjun*.Soil quality comprehensive assessment of different plant communities in Shanghai green belt[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2015,39(03):071-77.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.2015.03.014]
点击复制

上海环城林带不同植物群落土壤质量综合评价
分享到:

《南京林业大学学报(自然科学版)》[ISSN:1000-2006/CN:32-1161/S]

卷:
39
期数:
2015年03期
页码:
071-77
栏目:
研究论文
出版日期:
2015-05-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
Soil quality comprehensive assessment of different plant communities in Shanghai green belt
文章编号:
1000-2006(2015)03-0071-07
作者:
张凯旋1商侃侃2达良俊3*
1.上海商学院旅游与食品学院,上海 201400;
2 上海辰山植物园,上海 201602;
3.上海市城市化生态过程与生态恢复重点实验室,华东师范大学生态与环境科学学院,上海 200062
Author(s):
ZHANG Kaixuan1 SHANG Kankan2 DA Liangjun3*
1. Department of Tourism and Food, Shanghai Business College, Shanghai 201400, China;
2. Shanghai Chenshan Botanical Garden, Shanghai 201602, China;
3. Shanghai Key Laboratory for Ecology of Urbanization Process and Eco-restoration, College of Ecological and Environmental Sciences, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062,China
关键词:
城市森林 上海环城林带 植物群落 土壤质量 主成分分析
Keywords:
urban forest Shanghai green belt plant community soil quality principal components analysis
分类号:
S714
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.2015.03.014
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
为探讨不同类型植物群落改良土壤的功能差异,进而为城市森林的群落构建与管理提供科学依据,以上海环城林带7种典型植物群落为对象,以裸地为对照,分层测定了土壤的密度、毛管孔隙度、总孔隙度、有机质、全氮、全磷、铵氮和硝氮等8个理化指标,并采用主成分分析法进行各群落类型间土壤质量的综合评价。结果表明:植物群落对土壤的改良作用主要表现在土壤表层(0~20 cm),不同植物群落改良土壤理化性质的效果存在差异,落叶阔叶林悬铃木群落和落叶针叶林池杉群落的土壤质量指数较高,而落叶阔叶林全缘叶栾树群落的最低,其他类型群落的居中,不同植被类型间并没有表现出明显的规律性。可见,减少人为管护有利于枯枝落叶层的积累及林下草本和幼苗的更新,可以促进土壤质量的综合改善。
Abstract:
To explore the soil improvement service of plant communities, and provide a scientific basis for urban forest planning and management, soil samples were collected from seven plant communities in Shanghai green belt with bare lands as the control. Eight soil physical and chemical indicators were measured in different soil depth, including soil bulk density, capillary porosity, total porosity, organic matter, total N, total P, NH+4-N and NO-3-N. Principal component analysis was used to assess the comprehensive soil quality based on those indicators. Results showed that soil improvements were mainly on the surface of soil(0-20 cm), with different soil improvement effects of each plant communities. Deciduous broad leaved forest with Platanus×hispanica as dominate species and deciduous coniferous forest with Taxodium distichum var. imbricarium as dominate species had the greatest improvement effect, deciduous broad-leaved forest with Koelreuteria bipinnata var. integrifoliola as dominate species had the least improvement effect, and the other communities were in the middle level. Lower-intense-management was helpful to litter layer accumulating, and facilitate the recruitment of understory seedlings and herbs, which could contribute to the overall improvement of soil quality.

参考文献/References:

[1] Aerts R, Chapin Ⅲ F S. The mineral nutrition of wild plants revisited: a re-evaluation of processes and patterns [J]. Advances in Ecological Research, 2000, 30:1-67.
[2] Fitter A H. Darkness visible: reflection on underground ecology [J]. Journal of Ecology, 2005, 93(2): 231-243.
[3] 阎恩荣.常绿阔叶林退化过程中土壤的养分库动态及植物的养分利用策略[D]. 上海:华东师范大学, 2006.Yan E R. Dynamics of soil nutrient pools, nutrient use strategies of dominant trees in the typical and degraded evergreen broad-leaved forests [D].Shanghai:East China Normal University,2006.
[4] 葛永金, 袁位高, 江波,等.浙江省生态公益林土壤理化性质的初步研究[J]. 江西农业大学学报, 2006, 28(6):828-832.Ge Y J, Yuan W G, Jiang B, et al. Preliminary studies on soil physic-chemical properties of ecological forest in Zhejiang Province[J]. Acta Agriculturae Universitatis Jiangxiensis, 2006, 28(6): 828-832.
[5] 司志国, 彭志宏, 俞元春, 等. 徐州城市绿地土壤肥力质量评价[J]. 南京林业大学学报:自然科学版, 2013, 37(3): 60-64. Si Z G, Peng Z H, Yu Y C, et al. Fertility quality assessment of urban green space soils in Xuzhou City[J]. Journal of Nanjing Forestry University:Natural Sciences Edition, 2013, 37(3): 60-64.
[6] 项建光, 方海兰, 杨意, 等.上海典型新建绿地的土壤质量评价[J].土壤, 2004, 36(4): 424-429.Xiang J G,Fang H L, Yang Y, et al. Soil quality evaluation of some typical newly-established green belts in Shanghai[J]. Soils, 2004, 36(4): 424-429.
[7] 包兵, 吴丹, 胡艳燕,等. 重庆主城区市街绿地土壤肥力质量评价及管理对策[J].西南大学学报:自然科学版,2007, 29(11):100-105.Bao B, Wu D, Hu Y Y, et al. Assessment of soil fertility quality for urban green spaces in Chongqing City and measures for their management[J]. Journal of Southwest University:Natural Science Edition, 2007,29(11):100-105.
[8] 单奇华, 俞元春, 张建锋,等.城市森林土壤肥力质量综合评价[J].水土保持通报,2009,29(4):186-189, 223.Shan Q H, Yu Y C, Zhang J F, et al. Comprehensive estimation of soil fertility in urban forest[J].Bulletin of Soil and Water Conservation, 2009,29(4):186-189,223.
[9] 刘为华,张桂莲,徐飞,等.上海城市森林土壤理化性质[J].浙江林学院学报,2009, 26(2):155-163.Liu W H, Zhang G L, Xu F, et al. Soil physical and chemical properties in Shanghai’s urban forests[J].Journal of Zhejiang Forestry College, 2009, 26(2):155-163.
[10] 张凯旋,车生泉,马少初,等.城市化进程中上海植被的多样性、空间格局和动态响应(Ⅵ):上海外环林带群落多样性与结构特征[J]. 华东师范大学学报:自然科学版, 2011(4):1-14.Zhang K X, Che S Q, Ma S C,et al. Diversity, spatial pattern and dynamics of vegetation under urbanization in Shanghai(Ⅵ):community diversity and its structural characteristics of Shanghai green belt[J]. Journal of East China Normal University:Natural Science, 2011(4):1-14.
[11] 张凯旋,张建华.上海环城林带保健功能评价及其机制[J]. 生态学报,2013,33(13):4189-4198Zhang K X,Zhang J H. Health function evaluation and exploring its mechanisms in Shanghai green belt[J]. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2013, 33(13):4189-4198.
[12] Yan E R, Wang X H, Guo M, et al. Temporal patterns of net soil N mineralization and nitrification through secondary succession in the subtropical forests of eastern China [J]. Plant Soil, 2009, 320(1-2):181-194.
[13] 中国林业科学研究院林业研究所.LY/T 1215—1999 森林土壤水分-物理性质的测定[S].北京:中国标准出版社,1999.
[14] 刘世梁, 马克明, 傅伯杰,等.北京东灵山地区地形土壤因子与植物群落关系研究[J].植物生态学报, 2003,27(4): 496-502.Liu S L, Ma K M, Fu B J, et al.The relationship between landform, soil characteristics and plant community structure in the Donglingshan Mountain Region, Beijing[J]. Acta Phytoecologica Sinica, 2003,27(4):496-502.
[15] 孙慧珍, 陈明月, 蔡春菊,等.不同类型城市森林对土壤肥力的影响[J].应用生态学报, 2009,20(12): 2871-2876.Sun H Z, Chen M Y, Cai C J, et al.Effects of different type urban forest plantations on soil fertility [J].Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology, 2009,20(12): 2871-2876.
[16] 吴玉红, 田霄鸿, 同延安,等.基于主成分分析的土壤肥力综合指数评价[J].生态学杂志, 2010, 29(1):173-180.Wu Y H, Tian X H, Tong Y A. Assessment of integrated soil fertility index based on principal components analysis[J]. Chinese Journal of Ecology, 2010, 29(1):173-180.
[17] 许明祥, 刘国彬, 赵允格.黄土丘陵区侵蚀土壤质量评价[J].植物营养与肥料学报, 2005,11(3): 285-293.Xu M X, Liu G B, Zhao Y G. Quality assessment of erosion soil on hilly Loess Plateau [J]. Plant Nutrition and Fertilizer Science, 2005,11(3): 285-293.
[18] Logsdon S D, Karlen D L. Bulk density as a soil quality indicator during conversion to no-tillage [J]. Soil and Tillage Research, 2004, 78(2):143-149.
[19] Carter M R. Soil quality for sustainable land management: Organic matter and aggregation interactions that maintain soil functions [J]. Agronomy Journal, 2002, 94(1): 38-47.
[20] 曹鹤, 薛立, 谢腾芳,等.华南地区八种人工林的土壤物理性质[J].生态学杂志, 2009, 28(4): 620-625.Cao H, Xue L, Xie T F, et al. Cluster analysis of eight artificial forest stands in south China based on soil physical properties[J]. Chinese Journal of Ecology, 2009, 28(4): 620-625.
[21] 王震洪, 段昌群, 文传浩,等.滇中三种人工林群落控制土壤侵蚀和改良土壤效应[J].水土保持通报, 2001,21(2):23-27.Wang Z H, Duan C Q, Wen C H, et al. Soil erosion and soil improvement of three artificial forest communities in middle Yunnan Province[J]. Bulletin of Soil and Water Conservation, 2001,21(2): 23-27.
[22] 郑思俊, 张庆费, 吴海萍,等.上海外环线绿地群落凋落物对土壤水分物理性质的影响[J].生态学杂志, 2008,27(7):1122-1126.Zheng S J, Zhang Q F, Wu H P, et al. Effects of greenbelt plant communities’ litterfalls in Shanghai outer ring on soil water physical properties[J]. Chinese Journal of Ecology, 2008, 27(7):1122-1126.
[23] Mishar A, Sharma S D, Khan G H. Improvement in physical and chemical properties of sodic soil by 3, 6 and 9 years old plantation of Eucalyptus tereticornis: Biorejuvenation of sodic soil [J]. Forest Ecology and Management, 2003, 184(1-3):115-124.
[24] 杨淑贞, 马原, 蒋平,等.浙江西天目山土壤理化性质的海拔梯度格局[J].华东师范大学学报:自然科学版, 2009(6):101-107.Yang S Z, Ma Y, Jiang P, et al. Soil physical and chemical properties along altitudes of western Tianmushan, Zhejiang[J]. Journal of East China Normal University:Natural Science, 2009(6):101-107.
[25] 王希华,黄建军,阎恩荣.天童常绿阔叶林若干树种的叶片营养转移研究[J].广西植物, 2004,24(1):81-85.Wang X H, Huang J J,Yan E R. A study on leaf nutrient resorption of some trees in Tiantong National Forest Park [J].Guihaia, 2004,24(1):81-85.

相似文献/References:

[1]刘滨谊,万静.城市森林规划范围及其调查内容与方法的分析[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2009,33(01):151.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2009.01.033]
 LIU Bin yi,WAN Jing.Analysis of range, investigation content and method of urban forest planning[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2009,33(03):151.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2009.01.033]
[2]王强,唐燕飞,王国兵.城市森林中校园森林群落的结构特征分析[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2006,30(01):109.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2006.01.028]
 WANG Qiang,TANG Yan-fei,WANG Guo-bing.A Preliminary Investigation on Forest Composition and Structure in Campus of Urban Forest[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2006,30(03):109.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2006.01.028]
[3]童丽丽,汤庚国*,许晓岗.城市森林群落结构研究现状及发展评价[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2007,31(05):113.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2007.05.026]
 TONG Li-li,TANG Geng-guo*,XU Xiao-gang.Status and Development Tendency of Community Structure of Urban Forest[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2007,31(03):113.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2007.05.026]
[4]陈乃玲,聂影*.南京城市森林生态价值经济分析[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2007,31(05):129.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2007.05.030]
 CHEN Nai-ling,NIE Ying*.Economic Analyses of Urban Forest Ecological Value of Nanjing[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2007,31(03):129.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2007.05.030]
[5]孙冰,粟娟,谢左章.城市林业的研究现状与前景[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),1997,21(02):083.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.1997.02.019]
 Sun Bing Su Juan(Research Institute of Tropical Forestry CAF Guangzhou 00)Xie Zuozhang.CURRENT STATE AND PROSPECTIVE OF URBAN FORESTRY[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),1997,21(03):083.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.1997.02.019]
[6]蔡志全,阮宏华,叶镜中.栓皮栎林对城郊重金属元素的吸收和积累[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2001,25(01):018.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2001.01.006]
 CAI Zhi quan,RUAN Hong hua,YE Jing zhong.A Preliminary Study on the Absorption and Accumulation in Oak ( Quercus variabilis) Stand in Suburb of Nanjing[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2001,25(03):018.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2001.01.006]
[7]吴力立.城市森林土壤温度场的特征[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2003,27(01):021.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2003.01.005]
 WU Li li.A Study on the Thermal Field of the Soil in Urban Forest[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2003,27(03):021.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2003.01.005]
[8]吴力立,张芳.南京城市森林的气温研究[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2003,27(06):031.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2003.06.008]
 WU Li li,ZHANG Fang.A Study on the Air Temperature in the Urban Forest of Nanjing[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2003,27(03):031.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2003.06.008]

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2014-04-20 修回日期:2014-09-10
基金项目:国家自然科学基金青年科学基金项目(31400606); 上海市教育委员会科研创新项目(13YZ142)
第一作者:张凯旋,副教授,博士。*通信作者:达良俊,教授。E-mail: ljda@des.ecnu.edu.cn。
引文格式:张凯旋,商侃侃,达良俊. 上海环城林带不同植物群落土壤质量综合评价[J]. 南京林业大学学报:自然科学版,2015,39(3):71-77.
更新日期/Last Update: 2015-05-30