[1]姚晓洁,朱 虹*.球孢白僵菌对月季长管蚜的生物防治效果[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2015,39(04):173-177.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.2015.04.030]
 YAO Xiaojie,ZHU Hong*.Studies on biological control of Macrosiphum roswomm by using Beauveria bassiana[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2015,39(04):173-177.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.2015.04.030]
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《南京林业大学学报(自然科学版)》[ISSN:1000-2006/CN:32-1161/S]

卷:
39
期数:
2015年04期
页码:
173-177
栏目:
研究简报
出版日期:
2015-07-20

文章信息/Info

Title:
Studies on biological control of Macrosiphum roswomm by using Beauveria bassiana
文章编号:
1000-2006(2015)04-0173-05
作者:
姚晓洁12朱 虹2*
1.安徽建筑大学建筑与规划学院,安徽 合肥 230022;
2.安徽农业大学林学与园林学院,安徽 合肥 230036
Author(s):
YAO Xiaojie12ZHU Hong2*
1.School of Architecture &
Urban Planning, Anhui Jianzhu University, Hefei 230022, China;
2. School of Forestry and Landscape Architecture, Anhui Agricultural University, Hefei 230036, China
关键词:
球孢白僵菌 月季长管蚜 生物防治
Keywords:
Beauveria bassiana Macrosiphum roswomm biocontrol
分类号:
S763
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.2015.04.030
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
研究了1株分离自月季长管蚜(Macrosiphum roswomm Zhang)的球孢白僵菌(Beauveria bassiana(Bals.)Vuill)对月季长管蚜若虫和成虫的致病力及温室防治效果,并对球孢白僵菌孢子在月季叶片上的存活动态进行了深入观测。结果表明:相同条件下,月季长管蚜死亡率随球孢白僵菌孢子浓度的增加而上升,在孢子浓度为108 spores/mL时,月季长管蚜5 d的最高累积死亡率为99.3%; 球孢白僵菌对成虫和3龄若虫的致病性最强,1龄若虫最低。试验发现25 ℃时月季长管蚜死亡率最高,环境湿度越大,月季长管蚜的死亡率越高; 温室内最高感染死亡率达94%,表明球孢白僵菌在月季长管蚜的生物防治中具有很好的应用潜力。
Abstract:
Macrosiphum roswomm is one of the most serious pests on Rosaceae. However, biological control of M.roswomm with Beauveria bassiana still remains unreported. The patho genicity and greenhouse control effect of B.bassiana strain isolated from M.roswomm on aphid nymphs and adults, and the survival of B. bassiana on rose leaves were studied. The results showed that, under the same conditions, aphid mortality increased with increasing spore concentration. At the spore concentration of 108 spores/mL, the highest cumulative mortality was 99.3% in 5 days; the pathogenicity for adults and the third instar nymphs was much higher than the first instar nymph. Under different temperature and humidity, the highest mortality was discovered at the condition of 25 ℃, and the infection mortality rate increased with the increasing of the environment humidity; the highest infection mortality in greenhouse was 94%. These results indicated that B.bassiana has a good potential in biological control of M. roswomm.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2014-11-25 修回日期:2015-01-21基金项目:安徽省高校省级自然科学研究重点项目(KJ2014A044); 安徽省自然科学基金项目(1408085MKL37) 第一作者:姚晓洁,讲师,博士生。*通信作者:朱虹,副教授。E-mail: zhuhong@ahau.edu.cn。引文格式:姚晓洁,朱虹. 球孢白僵菌对月季长管蚜的生物防治效果[J]. 南京林业大学学报:自然科学版,2015,39(4):173-177.
更新日期/Last Update: 2015-07-31