[1]杨 丽,娄永峰,彭镇华,等.毛竹、麻竹光合途径类型分析[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2015,39(05):169-173.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.2015.05.028]
 YANG Li,LOU Yongfeng,PENG Zhenhua,et al.A preliminary study on the type of photosynthetic pathway in Phyllostachys edulis and Dendrocalamus latiflorus[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2015,39(05):169-173.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.2015.05.028]
点击复制

毛竹、麻竹光合途径类型分析
分享到:

《南京林业大学学报(自然科学版)》[ISSN:1000-2006/CN:32-1161/S]

卷:
39
期数:
2015年05期
页码:
169-173
栏目:
研究简报
出版日期:
2015-10-20

文章信息/Info

Title:
A preliminary study on the type of photosynthetic pathway in Phyllostachys edulis and Dendrocalamus latiflorus
文章编号:
1000-2006(2015)05-0169-05
作者:
杨 丽1娄永峰1彭镇华12高志民1*
1.国际竹藤中心,国家林业局竹藤科学与技术重点开放实验室,北京 100102;
2. 中国林业科学研究院林业研究所,北京 100091
Author(s):
YANG Li1 LOU Yongfeng1 PENG Zhenhua12 GAO Zhimin1*
1.International Center for Bamboo and Rattan, Key Laboratory on the Science and Technology of Bamboo and Rattan, SAF, Beijing 100102,China;
2. Research Institute of Forestry, Chinese Academy of Forestry, Beijing 100091, China
关键词:
竹子 光合途径 叶片结构 叶绿素荧光特征
Keywords:
bamboo photosynthetic pathways structure of leaf chlorophyll fluorescence characteristics
分类号:
S718.3
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.2015.05.028
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
为了研究竹子速生的特点与光合作用途径关系,以典型的散生竹毛竹(Phyllostachys edulis)和丛生竹麻竹(Dendrocalamus latiflorus)为材料,通过研究其叶片形态结构及叶绿素荧光特性来探究竹子的光合途径。石蜡切片观察显示,毛竹和麻竹叶片解剖结构均不具有典型的“花环”结构,但含有泡状细胞,明显区别于C4植物玉米(Zea mays)和高粱(Sorghum vulgare)的叶片结构,而与C3植物小麦(Triticum aestivum)和水稻(Oryza sativa)的相似。同时,叶绿素荧光参数测定结果表明,毛竹和麻竹的实际光量子效率Y(Ⅱ)平均值与C3植物水稻、小麦的相近,但显著高于C4植物玉米、高粱的Y(Ⅱ)(P<0.01); 毛竹和麻竹的qN值(0.77)显著低于C4植物玉米、高粱的qN值(P<0.05),与C3植物水稻的qN值(0.76)相近。相关分析表明,C3植物水稻、小麦的Fv/Fm、Y(Ⅱ)、qN之间存在显著或者极显著正相关,而C4植物玉米、高粱的叶绿素荧光参数相关性不显著; 毛竹和麻竹的Fv/Fm、Y(Ⅱ)之间存在显著正相关。由此表明,毛竹、麻竹与C3植物水稻、小麦相类似,初步确定其光合途径属于C3植物类型。
Abstract:
The fast-growing characteristic of bamboo means that it has strong assimilative capacity, which is closely related to photosynthetic pathway. By comparing with the typical C3 plants Triticum aestivum and Oryza sativa as well as C4 plants Zea mays and Sorghum vulgare, the typical pachymorph rhizome bamboo Phyllostachys edulis and leptomorph rhizome bamboo Dendrocalamus latiflorus were selected for the study of bamboo photosynthetic pathways based on the structure and chlorophyll fluorescence characteristics of leaves. Paraffin observations showed that the leaf structures of both D. latiflorus and Ph.edulis did not have the “kranz anatomy” and vesicular cells distributed. These characteristics were significantly different from those of C4 plants such as Z. mays and S. vulgare, but were similar to those of T. aestivum and O. sativa belonging to C3 plants. Meanwhile the results of chlorophyll fluorescence parameters demonstrated that the average values of Y(Ⅱ)of D. latiflorus and Ph. edulis were similar to that of T. aestivum and O. sativa, but were significantly higher than that of Z. mays and S. vulgare(P<0.01). The average values of qN of D. latiflorus and Ph. edulis(0.77)were much lower than those of Z. mays and S. vulgare(P<0.05), while they were close to that of O. sativa (0.76). Correlation analysis showed that there were significant or extreme positive correlations among Fv/Fm, Y(Ⅱ)and qN in O. sativa and T. aestivum. However, highly significant positive correlation did not existed in Z. mays and S. vulgare. The correlation between Fv/Fm and Y(Ⅱ)was demonstrated significantly positive in D. latiflorus and Ph. edulis which were similar to those of in C3 plants. These results indicat that the type of photosynthetic pathway in D. latiflorus and Ph. edulis belongs to C3 plants.

参考文献/References:

[1] Edwards G E, Black C C. Isolation of mesophyll cells and bundle sheath cells from Digitaria sanguinalis(L.)Scop. leaves and a scanning microscopy study of the internal leaf cell morphology [J]. Plant Physiology, 1971, 47(1):149-156.
[2] Sage R F. The evolution of C4 photosynthesis [J]. New Phytologist, 2004, 161(4):341-370.
[3] 杨虎彪,李晓霞,虞道耿,等.海南具C4、C3解剖特征的禾本科植物[J].植物学报, 2011, 46(4):456-469. Yang H B, Li X X, Yu D G, et al. Anatomical characteristics of C4 and C3 photosynthetic-pathway Poaceae plants in Hainan [J]. Chinese Bulletin of Botany, 2011, 46(4):456-469.
[4] 江泽慧.世界竹藤[M].沈阳:辽宁科学技术出版社, 2002. Jiang Z H. Bamboo and rattan in the world [M]. Shenyang: Liaoning Science and Technology Publishing House, 2002.
[5] 江泽慧.竹类植物基因组学研究进展[J].林业科学,2012,48(1):159-166. Jiang Z H. Progress in bamboo genomics research[J]. Scientia Silvae Sinicae, 2012, 48(1): 159-166.
[6] 王啸晨,岳祥华,吴杰,等.2种观赏彩叶竹形态结构的观察与分析[J].中国农学通报, 2012, 28(16):233-238. Wang X C, Yue X H, Wu J, et al. Appearance and structure analysis of chimeric leaves from two ornamental bamboos[J]. Chinese Agricultural Science Bulletin, 2012, 28(16):233-238.
[7] 黄启民,杨迪蝶,高爱新.毛竹光合作用的研究[J].林业科学,1989, 25(4):366-369. Huang Q M, Yang D D, Gao A X, et al. A study on photosynthesis of bamboo[J]. Scientia Silvae Sinicae,1989, 25(4):366-369.
[8] 张丽.C3、C4不同作物光合生理特性比较的研究[D].北京:中国农业大学, 2004. Zhang L. Comparison of photosynthetic characteristics for C3 and C4 plants [D]. Beijing: China Agricultural University, 2002.
[9] 肖俊涛.C3、C4植物和转PEPC基因水稻光合生理特性比较[D].北京:中国农业大学, 2005. Xiao J T. Comparison of photosynthetic characteristics for C3, C4 plants and PEPC transgenic rice [D]. Beijing: China Agricultural University, 2005.
[10] 林新春,袁晓亮,林绕,等.雷竹无限制花序的形态建成[J].福建林学院学报,2012,32(2):141-145. Lin X C, Yuan X L, Lin R, et al. Morphogenesis of indefinite inflorescence of Phyllostachys violascens [J]. Journal of Fujian College of Forestry, 2012, 32(2):141-145.
[11] Demmig-Adams B, Adams W W I. Chlorophyll and carotenoid composition in leaves of Euonymus kiautschovicus acclimated to different degrees of light stress in the field[J]. Australian Journal of Plant Physiology, 1996, 23(5)649-659.
[12] Bilger W, Björkman O. Role of the xanthophyll cycle in photoprotection elucidated by measurements of light-induced absorbance changes, fluorescence and photosynthesis in leaves of Hedera canariensis [J]. Photosynthesis Research, 1990, 25(3):173-185.
[13] van Kooten O, Snel J F. The use of chlorophyll fluorescence nomenclature in plant stress physiology[J]. Photosynthesis Research, 1990, 25(3): 147-150.
[14] 王可玢,许春辉,赵福洪,等.水分胁迫对小麦旗叶某些体内叶绿素a荧光参数的影响[J].生物物理学报,1997,13(2):273-278. Wang K B, Xu C H, Zhao F H, et al. The effects of water stress on some in vivo chlorophyll a fluorescence parameters of wheat flag leaves [J]. Acta Biophysica Sinica, 1997, 13(2):273-278.
[15] 陆时万,徐祥生,沈敏健.植物学[M]. 北京:高等教育出版社, 1991. Lu S W, Xu X S, Shen M J. Botany [M]. Beijing: Higher Education Press, 1991.
[16] 蔡联炳,郭延平.禾本科植物叶片表皮细胞结构主要类型的演化与系统分类和发育途径的探讨[J].西北植物学报,1995,15(4):323-335. Cai L B, Guo Y P. Study on constituent cells of leaf epidermis, systematics and phylogenetic path of the family Poaceae[J]. Acta Botanica Boreali-Occidentalia Sinica, 1995, 15(4): 323-335.
[17] 吕芳德,徐德聪,侯红波,等.5种红山茶叶绿素荧光特性的比较研究[J].经济林研究,2003, 21(4):4-7. Lv F D, Xu D C, Hou H B, et al. Comparative study on chlorophyll fluorescence character of five kinds of Camellia[J]. Economic Forest Researches, 2003, 21(4):4-7.
[18] 许大全,张玉忠,张荣铣.植物光合作用的光抑制[J].植物生理学通讯,1992, 28(4):237-243. Xu D Q, Zhang Y Z, Zhang R X. Photoinhibition of photosynthesis in plants[J]. Plant Physiology Communication,1992, 28(4):237-243.

相似文献/References:

[1]殷苏州.竹材定向刨花板工艺和性能的研究[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),1987,11(03):065.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.1987.03.009]
 Yin Suzhou.A STUDY OF TECHNOLOGY AND PROPERTIES OF ORIENTED BAMBOO STRAND BOARD[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),1987,11(05):065.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.1987.03.009]
[2]朱熙樵,黄焕华.竹丛枝病的研究——Ⅲ.[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),1989,13(02):046.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.1989.02.008]
 Zhu Xiqiao & Huang Huanhua.THE STUDY ON WITCHE’S BROOM OF BAMBOO——Ⅲ. INFECTION CHARACTERISTICS AND CONTROL EXPERIMENT OF GERMS[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),1989,13(05):046.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.1989.02.008]
[3]赵奇僧,汤庚国.中国竹子分类的现状和问题[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),1993,17(04):001.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.1993.04.001]
 Chao Chison Tang Gengguo.THE PRESENT STATUS AND PROBLEMS OF BAMBOO CLASSIFICATION IN CHINA[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),1993,17(05):001.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.1993.04.001]
[4]王辅俊.熊猫种群动力学的双区域模型[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),1994,18(01):064.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.1994.01.012]
 Wang Fujun.TWO REGIONS MODEL OF PANDA POPULATION DYNAMICS[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),1994,18(05):064.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.1994.01.012]
[5]万贤崇,宋永俊.盐胁迫及其钙调节对竹子根系活力和丙二醛含量的影响[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),1995,19(03):016.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.1995.03.004]
 Wan Xianchong,Song Yongjun.EFFECTS OF SALT-STRESS AND Ca~(2+) REGULATION ON BAMBOO ROOT VIABILITY AND MDA CONTENT[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),1995,19(05):016.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.1995.03.004]

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2014-05-26 修回日期:2015-03-15
基金项目:“十二五”国家科技支撑计划(2012BAD23B0504); 国家自然科学基金项目(31370588)
第一作者:杨丽,博士。*通信作者:高志民,博士。E-mail: gaozhimin@icbr.ac.cn。
引文格式:杨丽,娄永峰,彭镇华,等. 毛竹、麻竹光合途径类型分析[J]. 南京林业大学学报:自然科学版,2015,39(5):169-173.
更新日期/Last Update: 2015-10-15