[1]张 艳,武政梅,杨 鹏,等.补充营养对沟眶象成虫繁殖力的影响[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2015,39(05):183-186.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.2015.05.031]
 ZHANG Yan,WU Zhengmei,YANG Peng,et al.Effect of nutritional supplement on the fecundity of Eucryptorrhynchus chinensis Olivier[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2015,39(05):183-186.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.2015.05.031]
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补充营养对沟眶象成虫繁殖力的影响
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《南京林业大学学报(自然科学版)》[ISSN:1000-2006/CN:32-1161/S]

卷:
39
期数:
2015年05期
页码:
183-186
栏目:
研究简报
出版日期:
2015-10-20

文章信息/Info

Title:
Effect of nutritional supplement on the fecundity of Eucryptorrhynchus chinensis Olivier
文章编号:
1000-2006(2015)05-0183-04
作者:
张 艳1武政梅1杨 鹏1曹川健2孙耀武3温俊宝1*
1. 林业有害生物防治北京市重点实验室,北京林业大学林学院,北京 100083;
2.宁夏森林病虫害防治总站, 宁夏 银川 750004;
3.灵武市林木检疫站,宁夏 灵武 751400
Author(s):
ZHANG Yan1 WU Zhengmei1 YANG Peng1 CAO Chuanjian2 SUN Yaowu3 WEN Junbao1*
1. Beijing Key Laboratory for Forest Pest Control, College of Forestry, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083, China;
2. Ningxia Forest Pests Control and Quarantine Station, Yinchuan 750004, China;
3. Lingwu City Forest Quarantine Station of Ningxia, Lingwu 751400, China
关键词:
沟眶象 臭椿 补充营养 产卵前期 产卵量 孵化率
Keywords:
Eucryptorrhynchus chinensis Olivier Ailanthus altissima Swingle nutritional supplement pre-oviposition period fecundity hatching rate
分类号:
S718.7
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.2015.05.031
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
为了能更好地建立实验室种群,对沟眶象(Eucryptorrhynchus chinensis Olivier)成虫取食不同材料(臭椿萌生苗、2~3年生臭椿枝条、苹果切块、10%蜂蜜水、清水)条件下的雌虫产卵前期、雌虫产卵量、卵孵化率等繁殖力指标进行了测定。结果表明:沟眶象成虫出土后需要补充营养才可以产下可育卵,饲喂清水时可以产下极少量卵,但无法孵化。沟眶象取食臭椿萌生苗、2~3年生枝条时繁殖力较大,其产卵总量和孵化率分别为93~152粒、74.60%和101~156粒、68.42%,极显著高于取食苹果和蜂蜜水的处理(分别为13~49粒、41.67%和2~36粒、15.83%)。因此,室内以臭椿萌生苗和2~3年生枝条饲养沟眶象成虫,野外则可以萌生苗诱集和灭杀成虫。
Abstract:
Eucryptorrhynchus chinensis Olivier(Coleoptera: Curculionidae)is an important root-boring pest of Ailanthus altissima Swingle, threatening to the trees of the shelterbelts in Ningxia. In order to provide clues to the establishment of laboratory population, virgin males and females E. chinensis were fed with different materials(seedling sprout, 2-3 years old branch, diced apple, 10% hydromel and clean water as control)to analyze the effect of feeding material to its fecundity. In this study, during preoviposition period, the amount of eggs and hatching rate were considered as indexes of the fecundity of the weevil. It showed that E. chinensis need nutrients supply to reproduce. The difference of preoviposition period was not significant, while the overall amount of the eggs and their hatching rate of the ones fed with seedling sprout and 2-3 years old branch(amount of eggs is 93-152, hatching rate is 74.60% and amount of eggs is 101-156, hatching rate is 68.42%, respectively)were significantly higher than that of diced apple and 10% hydromel(amount of eggs is 13-49, hatching rate is 41.67%, and amount of eggs is 2-36, hatching rate is 15.83%, respectively). In control treatment, only several eggs were laid by two females and they could not hatch out successfully. It suggested that E. chinensis could reach the largest fecundity when fed with the material of A. altissima. Specific suggestions were put forward as the follows: ① use the seedling sprouts and 2-3 years old branches as feeding materials for the rearing of E. chinensis in laboratory; ② set the seedling sprouts as baits and spray pesticides to control E. chinensis during its occurrence in field.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2014-12-05 修回日期:2015-04-03
基金项目:国家林业公益性行业科研专项项目(201304412); “十二五”国家科技支撑计划(2012BAD19B07)
第一作者:张艳,硕士生。*通信作者:温俊宝,教授。E-mail:wenjb@bjfu.edu.cn。
引文格式:张艳,武政梅,杨鹏,等. 补充营养对沟眶象成虫繁殖力的影响[J]. 南京林业大学学报:自然科学版,2015,39(5):183-186.
更新日期/Last Update: 2015-10-15