[1]李海东,沈渭寿,贾 明,等.大型露天矿山生态破坏与环境污染损失的评估[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2015,39(06):112-118.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.2015.06.020]
 LI Haidong,SHEN Weishou,JIA Ming,et al.Economic losses assessment for ecological destruction and environmentalpollution in large-scale opencast mine[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2015,39(06):112-118.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.2015.06.020]
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大型露天矿山生态破坏与环境污染损失的评估
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《南京林业大学学报(自然科学版)》[ISSN:1000-2006/CN:32-1161/S]

卷:
39
期数:
2015年06期
页码:
112-118
栏目:
研究论文
出版日期:
2015-11-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
Economic losses assessment for ecological destruction and environmental pollution in large-scale opencast mine
文章编号:
1000-2006(2015)06-0112-07
作者:
李海东1 沈渭寿1 贾 明2 张 涛3
1. 环境保护部南京环境科学研究所,江苏 南京 210042;
2. 淮北矿业集团石台矿业公司,安徽 淮北 235000;
3.宁波市水利水电规划设计研究院,浙江 宁波 315192
Author(s):
LI Haidong1 SHEN Weishou1 JIA Ming2 ZHANG Tao3
1.Nanjing Institute of Environmental Sciences, Ministry of Environmental Protection, Nanjing 210042, China;
2. Shitai Mining Company, Huaibei Mining Group, Huaibei 235000, China;
3.Ningbo Hydranlic Waterpower Planning and Designing Research Institution, Ningbo 315192, China
关键词:
大型露天矿山 生态环境破坏 经济损失评估
Keywords:
large-scale opencast mine eco-environmental damage economic losses assessment
分类号:
X821; X37
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.2015.06.020
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
矿产资源开发中生态环境损失的定量评估是矿山环境保护政策制定的重要基础。基于评估指标体系的可操作性,从防护性成本、生态破坏造成的农林生产损失、生态破坏造成的生态服务功能损失、环境污染造成的农作物减产损失、环境污染造成的人体健康损失、恢复治理成本等6个方面,构建了大型露天矿山生态破坏与环境污染损失评估框架,并以三道庄矿山为例,利用遥感技术获取研究区2005—2009年的土地利用与生态破坏数据,结合野外调查和资料整理获得的环境污染相关数据,动态评估了三道庄露天矿山生态破坏与环境污染的损失。评估结果表明,三道庄露天矿山开采4年间共造成经济损失10 716.1万元。建立的评估框架可在加强矿山生态保护与恢复工作中指导矿山生态破坏与环境污染损失的评估。
Abstract:
Quantitative assessment of eco-environmental losses caused by mineral resource development is an important foundation for the formulation of environment protection policy. However, there isn't a workable approach to evaluate the losses of mine eco-environmental damage, yet. This paper established a framework for the losses assessment of ecological destruction and environmental pollution of opencast mine from six aspects, i.e., protective cost, agricultural and forestry production losses caused by ecological destruction, loss of ecosystem services caused by ecological destruction, crop production loss caused by environmental pollution, human health loss caused by environmental pollution, and restoration and governance cost. Then, by using Sandaozhuang opencast mine as an example, the economic losses of ecological destruction and environmental pollution of Sandaozhuang mine was assessed during the period of 2005-2009, based on the indicators system, variations of land use and ecological destruction data, environment pollution data collected by field survey and document analysis. The results showed that the total losses of Sandaozhaung opencast molybdenum ore mine was 107.161 million yuan during the past four years. These results could be made as an important reference for the economic losses assessment of ecological destruction and environmental pollution of mine. They would provide a guideline to strengthen mine environmental management in China, too.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2014-09-20 修回日期:2015-05-28
基金项目:国家科技基础性工作专项重点项目(2014FY110800); 国家环保公益性行业科研专项项目(200909061)
第一作者:李海东,副研究员。E-mail: lihd2020@163.com。
引文格式:李海东, 沈渭寿, 贾明,等. 大型露天矿山生态破坏与环境污染损失的评估[J]. 南京林业大学学报:自然科学版,2015,39(6):112-118.
更新日期/Last Update: 2015-11-30