[1]卫星杓,戴腾飞,刘诗琦,等.施肥对无患子叶片养分动态及产量的影响[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2018,42(05):017-24.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.201803015]
 WEI Xingbiao,DAI Tengfei,LIU Shiqi,et al.Effects of formula fertilization on leaf nutrient dynamics and yield of Sapindus mukorossi Gaertn.[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2018,42(05):017-24.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.201803015]
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施肥对无患子叶片养分动态及产量的影响
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《南京林业大学学报(自然科学版)》[ISSN:1000-2006/CN:32-1161/S]

卷:
42
期数:
2018年05期
页码:
017-24
栏目:
研究论文
出版日期:
2018-09-15

文章信息/Info

Title:
Effects of formula fertilization on leaf nutrient dynamics and yield of Sapindus mukorossi Gaertn.
文章编号:
1000-2006(2018)05-0017-08
作者:
卫星杓1戴腾飞1刘诗琦1贾黎明12*
1.北京林业大学,省部共建森林培育与保护教育部重点实验室,北京 100083; 2.北京林业大学,国家能源非粮生物质原料研发中心,北京 100083
Author(s):
WEI Xingbiao1 DAI Tengfei1 LIU Shiqi1 JIA Liming12*
1. The Key Laboratory for Silviculture and Conservation of Ministry of Education, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083, China; 2. National Energy R & D Center for Non-food Biomass, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083, China
关键词:
无患子 配方施肥 叶片养分 产量
Keywords:
Sapindus mukorossi Gaertn. formula fertilization leaf nutrient yield
分类号:
S723.7
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.201803015
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
【目的】在揭示不同施肥处理下无患子(Sapindus mukorossi Gaertn.)不同生长发育时期叶片养分变化及其对施肥响应的基础上,探究不同氮、磷、钾施肥水平对产量的影响及最优施肥配方,旨在为优化无患子合理施肥技术提供支撑。【方法】采用“3414”随机区组设计进行配方施肥试验,分析14个施肥处理对无患子叶片养分含量动态变化和产量的影响。【结果】无患子叶片N含量在花序抽生期(4月15至5月10日)和果实膨大期(6月25至9月1日)显著降低; P含量在花期(5月10日至6月10日)和果实膨大期(6月25至9月1日)显著降低; K含量从花絮抽生(4月15日)直到果实膨大期末(9月1日)均呈持续下降的趋势。无患子叶片N、P、K含量随施肥量的增加而增加,且氮肥和磷肥具有协同作用。无患子产量均随着氮、磷、钾施肥量的增加呈先增加再减少的变化趋势,无患子生长效果最佳的为N2P2K2(氮、磷、钾肥分别为600、300、500 kg/hm2)处理,单株产量可达2.71 kg,产量达2 254.28 kg/hm2,较CK显著提高了49.5%。【结论】无患子在施肥管理中采果期要注重氮和钾肥施用,花期肥要关注磷和钾肥的施用量,壮果肥要注重氮、磷、钾3种肥料的施用; 建议无患子最佳施肥量为氮肥773 kg/hm2、磷肥273 kg/hm2、钾肥557 kg/hm2
Abstract:
【Objective】In this paper, changes in leaf nutrients and their response to fertilization at different growth stages of Sapindus mukorossi Gaertn. under different fertilization treatments were revealed. Accordingly, the effects of different levels of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium fertilizer on the yield were determined and the optimal fertilization formula was explored. The findings will support the optimization of rational fertilization technology for S. mukorossi Gaertn. 【Method】This paper used the “3414” random area group design method to conduct the experiment and determine the formula for fertilization. The effects of 14 treatments, including dynamic changes in the nutrient content and yield of the leaves of S. mukorossi Gaertn., were determined. 【Result】The N content in the leaves of S. mukorossi Gaertn. was significantly reduced during the inflorescence period(from April 15th to May 10th)and the period of fruit expansion(from June 25th to September 1st). The P content in the leaves of S. mukorossi Gaertn. was significantly reduced during the flowering period(from May 10th to June 10th)and the fruit expansion period(from June 25th to September 1st). The K content in the leaves of S. mukorossi Gaertn. showed a continuously declining trend from flowering(April 15th)until the end of fruit expansion(September 1st). The content of N, P and K increased with the addition of fertilizer, and N fertilizer and P fertilizer had synergistic effects. The trend in the yield of S. mukorossi Gaertn. increased and then decreased with increasing amounts of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium fertilizer. The N2(600 kg/hm2)P2(300 kg/hm2)K2(500 kg/hm2)treatment had the optimal effects among all samples. The output was up to 2 254.28 kg/hm2. Compared with CK, output significantly increased by 49.5%. 【Conclusion】 S. mukorossi Gaertn. with fertilization management in pumping should focus on nitrogen and potash fertilizer. Attention should be paid to the application of phosphorus and potassium fertilizer during the florescence period. Attention should also be paid to the application of the three kinds of fertilizer, including nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium, during the fruit enlargement period. It is suggested that the amount of fertilization should better be: N fertilizer 773 kg/hm2, P fertilizer 273 kg/hm2, and K fertilizer 557 kg/hm2.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2018-03-13 修回日期:2018-05-26 基金项目:北京林业大学青年教师科学研究中长期项目(2015ZCQ-LX-02); 科技部国家国际科技合作专项项目(2014DFA31140) 第一作者:卫星杓(455547527@qq.com)。*通信作者:贾黎明(jlm@bjfu.edu.cn),教授。
更新日期/Last Update: 2018-09-15