[1]王贤广,王峥嵘,何小勇,等.浙西南秋季林相美景度及其最优颜色构成模式研究[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2019,43(01):118-126.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.201712044]
 WANG Xianguang,WANG Zhenrong,HE Xiaoyong,et al.The beauty degree of forest facies and its optimal color composition pattern in the southwest Zhejiang Province in autumn[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2019,43(01):118-126.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.201712044]
点击复制

浙西南秋季林相美景度及其最优颜色构成模式研究
分享到:

《南京林业大学学报(自然科学版)》[ISSN:1000-2006/CN:32-1161/S]

卷:
43
期数:
2019年01期
页码:
118-126
栏目:
研究论文
出版日期:
2019-01-28

文章信息/Info

Title:
The beauty degree of forest facies and its optimal color composition pattern in the southwest Zhejiang Province in autumn
文章编号:
1000-2006(2019)01-0118-09
作者:
王贤广12王峥嵘12何小勇2练发良2洪 震2王军锋2杜有新2唐 丽1*
1.中南林业科技大学林学院,湖南 长沙 410000; 2.浙江省丽水市林业科学研究院,浙江 丽水 323000
Author(s):
WANG Xianguang12 WANG Zhenrong12 HE Xiaoyong2 LIAN Faliang2 HONG Zhen2WANG Junfeng2 DU Youxin2 TANG Li1*
1. College of Forestry, Central South University of Forestry and Technology,Changsha 410000,China; 2. Lishui Academy of Forestry of Zhejiang Province,Lishui 323000,China
关键词:
浙西南 山地林相 美景度 SBE法 景观评价模型 颜色构成模式
Keywords:
southwest of Zhejiang mountain forest facies beauty degree SBE(scenic beauty estimation)method landscape evaluation model color composition pattern
分类号:
S731.1
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.201712044
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
【目的】研究景观因子对浙西南山地秋季林相美景度影响,建立景观评价模型,并依据景观评价模型分析最优颜色构成模式。【方法】以浙西南山地秋季林相景观为研究对象,采用SBE法(美景度评价法)评价山地林相的美景度,对构景要素进行分解,计算色相对比度,对数据进行标准化处理,建立景观评价模型。在上述模型的基础上根据各颜色成分要素间的关系,以数学方法求得最优颜色构成模式。【结果】剔除自变量的运算显示5个景观因子(色相对比度、绿色占比、黄色占比、红色占比、郁闭度)与美景度的偏相关系数都比较高,所以用这5个景观因子的25个类目建立景观评价模型,建立的山地秋季林相美景度模型为:YSBE=-0.548-0.062 x7b+0.302 x7c+1.176 x7d-0.149 x8b+0.640 x8d+0.885 x8e+0.060 x9b+0.274 x9c+0.311 x9d+0.837 x9e+0.170 x11b+0.237 x11c+0.182 x11d+1.554 x11e-0.637 x17b+0.066 x17c-0.578 x17d-0.492 x17e,检验显示,评价模型的可信度高。红色占比的得分贡献百分比最大(30.0%),可见红色占比对模型的贡献率最大,色相对比度、绿色占比、黄色占比、郁闭度的贡献率依次减小。色相对比度为72~144时色相对比度和SBE值呈正比; 绿色占比在60%以上时,绿色占比与SBE值呈正比; 黄色占比与红色占比基本都与SBE值呈正比,郁闭度仅在70%~80%时与SBE值呈正比。综合绿色占比、黄色占比、红色占比和色相对比度这些因子,单从颜色对视觉感受的影响角度构筑关系式,使用枚举法求得当绿色占比以50%~60%、黄色占比为0~10%、红色占比为30%~40%时为山地秋季林相的最优颜色构成模式。【结论】颜色对美景度有重要影响,色相对比度、绿色占比、黄色占比、红色占比、郁闭度这5个景观因子与山地秋季林相美景度有很高的相关性,并得到了可信度高的线性评价模型; 绿色占比在60%以上时绿色占比与SBE值呈正比,黄色占比与红色占比基本都与SBE值呈正比,色相对比度最佳值为36~72,林地的最佳郁闭度为70%~80%; 综合绿色占比、黄色占比、红色占比和色相对比度这些因子,从颜色对视觉感受的影响角度来看,绿色成分占50%~60%、黄色成分占0~10%、红色成分占30%~40%为浙西南山地秋季林相的最优颜色构成模式。最后根据研究结果提出了使山地秋季林相具有更高美景度的经营策略和林相改造方法。
Abstract:
【Objective】We established a landscape evaluation model to determine which landscape factors had the greatest influence on the beauty degree. Based on the evaluation model, we determined the optimal color composition pattern. 【Method】Based on the landscape of the autumn forest in southwest Zhejiang Province, the scenic beauty estimation method(SBE)was used to evaluate the beauty of mountain forest facies, and we decomposed the elements, calculated the color contrast, standardized the data, and established a landscape evaluation model. On the basis of the above model, the optimal color composition pattern could be obtained mathematically according to the relationship among the color components. 【Result】The calculation of the independent variables showed that the partial correlation coefficients of the five landscape factors, hue contrast ratio, green proportion, yellow proportion, red proportion, and canopy density, relatively affected the beauty degree. We decided to use the five landscape factors of 25 categories to establish a landscape evaluation model. The landscape evaluation model was:YSBE=-0.548-0.062x7b+0.302x7c+1.176x7d-0.149x8b+0.640x8d+0.885x8e+0.060x9b+0.274x9c+0.311x9d+0.837x9e+0.170x11b+0.237x11c+0.182x11d+1.554x11e-0.637x17b+0.066x17c-0.578x17d-0.492x17e, and the results showed that the evaluation model had a high degree of reliability. The red proportion had the highest percentage of contribution to the largest score, reaching 30.0%. Thus, the red proportion had the largest contribution rate to the model, and hue contrast ratio, green proportion, yellow proportion, and canopy density had a contribution rate that decreased in turn. When the hue contrast ratio was between 72 and 144, the hue contrast ratio was proportional to the SBE. The yellow proportion and red proportion were basically proportional to the SBE. Canopy density was proportional to the SBE value only when canopy density was between 70%-80%. The integrated green proportion, yellow proportion, red proportion, and hue contrast ratio, from the perspective of the color of the visual experience, built the relationship; while we used the enumeration method to determine that green accounted for 50%-60%, yellow accounted for 0-10%, and red accounted for 30%-40% for the mountain landscape in the optimal color composition model.【Conclusion】The color has a significant influence on the beauty degree, and there were five landscape factors, including the hue contrast ratio, green proportion, yellow proportion, red proportion, and canopy density those had a high correlation with the mountain scenery in the autumn. We obtained a linear evaluation model with high degree of credibility. The green proportion was basically proportional to the SBE value when green accounted for more than 60%.The proportion of yellow and red were basically proportional to the SBE value. The best hue contrast ratio was between 36 to 72. The best canopy density was between 70% to 80%. When integrating the green proportion, yellow proportion, red proportion, and hue contrast ratio, the optimal color composition model occurred when the green components accounted for 50%-60%, yellow component accounted for 0-10%, and red component accounted for 30%-40% in the southwest of the Zhejiang mountain forest from the point of view of the color of the visual experience. Finally, according to the research results, the paper puts forward a management strategy and method of forest facies transformation.

参考文献/References:

[1] 陈勇.深圳市城市森林美景度研究[D].北京:中国林业科学研究院,2013.
CHEN Y.Study on the beauty of urban forest in Shenzhen City[D].Beijing:China Forestry Science Research Institute,2013.
[2] DANIEL T C,BOSTER R S.Measuring landscape aesthetics: the scenic beauty estimation method[D].Tucson, USA: University of Arizona, 1976.
[3] 翟明普,张荣,阎海平.风景评价在风景林建设中应用研究进展[J].世界林业研究,2003,16(6):16-19.DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1001-4241.2003.06.004.
ZHAI M P,ZHANG R,YAN H P.Review on the studies on scenic evaluation and its applicationin scenic forest construction both at home and abroad[J]. World Forestry Research,2003,16(6):16-19.
[4] 李效文,贾黎明,郝小飞.森林景观SBE评价方法[J].中国城市林业,2007,5(3):33-36.DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1672-4925.2007.03.012.
LI X W,JIA L M,HAO X F.Forest landscape SBE evaluation method[J].Journal of Chinese Urban Forestry,2007,5(3):33-36.
[5] 郑瑶.重庆市秋季常见园林植物色彩定量研究[D].重庆:西南大学,2014.
ZHENG Y.Quantitative research on autumn common plant colour in Chongqing[D].Chongqing:Southwest University,2014.
[6] GANDY R,MICHAEL J,MEITNER M J.The effects of an advancedtraveler information system on scenic beauty ratings and theenjoyment of a recreational drive[J].Landscape and Urban Planning,2007,82(1/2):85-93.DOI: 10.1016/j.landurbplan.2007.01.018.
[7] 章志都,徐程扬,董建文,等.郁闭度对风景游憩林林下植被及林内景观的影响[J].城镇绿化,2008,6(2):10-13.DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1672-4925.2008.02.003.
ZHANG Z D,XU C Y,DONG J W,et al.Effects of canopy density on undergrowth vegetation and forest landscape in scenic recreational forest[J].Journal of Chinese Urban Forestry,2008,6(2):10-13.
[8] 董建文.福建中、南亚热带风景游憩林构建技术研究[D].北京:北京林业大学,2006.
DONG J W.Study on the construction technology of recreational forest in central and south subtropical scenic spots in Fujian Province[D].Beijing:Beijing Forestry University,2006.
[9] ZDZISTAW K,DOBROWOLSKA D.Dendrological and landscape evaluation of the rural park Borek(Lublin Province)[J].Forest Research Papers,2016,77(2):166-172.10.1515/frp-2016-0019.
[10] COSALIA V B.Pedestrian visual recommendation in Kertanegara-Semeru corridor in Malang City[J].Conference Series: Earth Environ Science, 2017, 70:12-26. DOI: 10.1088/1755-1315/70/1/012026.
[11] SCHIRPKE U,HOLZLER S,LEITINGER G,et al.Can we model the scenic beauty of an alpine landscape[J].Sustainability,2013,5(3):1080-1094.DOI: 10.3390/su5031080.
[12] PENG S H,TANG C.Blending the analytic hierarchy process andfuzzy logical systems in scenic beauty assessment of check dams instreams[J].Water,2015,7(12):6983-6998.DOI: 10.3390/w7126670.
[13] 李冠衡,熊健,徐梦林,等.北京公园绿地边缘植物景观降噪能力与视觉效果的综合研究[J].北京林业大学学报,2017,39(3):93-104.DOI:10.13332/j.1000--1522.20160259.
LI G H,XIONG J,XU M L,et al.Comprehensive study on the noise reductionability and the visual effect on the edge of green space of Beijing urban park[J].Journal of Beijing Forestry University,2017,39(3):93-104.
[14] 徐鼎,王忠君.基于SBE法的岭南四大名园景观美学评价[J].中国城市林业,2017,15(1):20-24.DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1672-4925.2017.01.005.
XU D,WANG Z J.Landscape aesthetics evaluation of four famous gardens in south China based on SBE method[J].Journal of Chinese Urban Forestry,2017,15(1):20-24.
[15] 陈鑫峰,贾黎明,王雁,等.京西山区风景游憩林季相景观评价及经营技术原则[J].北京林业大学学报,2008,30(4):39-45.DOI:10.3321/j.issn:1000-1522.2008.04.008.
CHEN X F,JIA L M,WANG Y,et al. Landscape estimationand management technique principles of different seasonal scenic and recreational forests in West Mountain, Beijing[J].Journal of Beijing Forestry University,2008,30(4):39-45.
[16] 毛炯玮.城市自然遗留地的景观美学评价[D].上海:上海交通大学,2009.
MAO J W.Evaluation of landscape aesthetics in urban natural retention[D].Shanghai:Shanghai Jiaotong University,2009.
[17] BIENABE E,HEARNE R R.Public preferences for biodiversityconservation and scenic beauty within a framework of environmentalservices payments[J].Forest Policy and Economics,2006,9(4):335-348.DOI:10.1016/j.forpol.2005.10.002.
[18] FRANK S,FURST C,KOSCSKE L,et al.Assessment of landscapeaesthetics-validation of a landscape metrics-based assessment by visual estimation of the scenic beauty[J].Ecological Indicators,2013,32:222-231.
[19] HEGDE A L, WOODSON H.Effects of light source, Illuminance, and hue on visual contrast[J].Family & Consumer Sciences Research Journal,2009,28(2):217-238.DOI:10.1177/1077727X99282005.
[20] 陶晨,段亚峰,印梅芬.基于HSV的服装色彩特征数量化方法研究[J].丝绸,2015,52(6):22-26.DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7003.2015.06.005.
TAO C,DUAN Y F,YIN M F.Research on HSV based on quantification of apparel color features[J].Journal of Silk,2015,52(6):22-26.
[21] 张凯旋.上海环城林带群落生态学与生态效益及景观美学评价研究[D].上海:华东师范大学,2011.
ZHANG K X.Study on ecology, ecological benefit and landscape aesthetics evaluation of forest belt communities in Shanghai[D].Shanghai:East China Normal University,2011.
[22] 陈鑫峰,贾黎明.京西山区森林林内景观评价研究[J].林业科学,2003,39(4):59-66. DOI:10.3321/j.issn:1001-7488.2003.04.010.
CHEN X F,JIA L M.Research on Evaluation of in-forest landscapes in west Beijing mountain area[J].Scientia Silvae Sinicae,2003,39(4):59-66.
[23] 黄广远.北京市城区城市森林结构及景观美学评价研究[D].北京:北京林业大学,2012.
HUANG G Y.Study on urban forest structure and landscape aesthetics evaluation in urban area of Beijing[D].Beijing:Beijing Forestry University,2012.
[24] 薛薇.基于SPSS的数据分析[M].北京:中国人民大学出版社,2006.
XUE W. Data analysis based on SPSS[M].Beijing:China Renmin University Press,2006.
[25] 王永利,云文丽,梁存柱,等.利用枚举法分析典型草原区退化群落的空间变化[J].中国草地学报,31(1):92-97.
WANG Y L,YUN W L,LIANG C Z,et al.Analysis of spatial variation of degraded communities in typical steppe areas by enumeration method[J].Chinese Journal of Grassland,31(1):92-97.
[26] 陈勇,孙冰,廖绍波,等.深圳市城市森林林内景观的美景度评价[J].林业科学,2014,50(8):39-44.DOI:10.11707/j.1001-7488.20140806.
CHEN Y,SUN B,LIAO S B,et al.Scenic beauty estimation of in-forest landscapes in shenzhen urban forests[J].Scientia Silvae Sinicae,2014,50(8):39-44.
[27] 杨英书,彭尽晖,粟德琼,等.城市道路绿地规划评价指标体系研究进展[J].西北林学院学报,2007,22(5):193-197.DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2007.05.048.
YANG Y S,PENG J H,SU D Q,et al.Advance in evaluation index system of green land plan of urban road[J].Journal of Northwest Forestry University,2007,22(5):193-197.
[28] 黄晓莺,王书耕.城市生存环境绿色量值群的研究——国内外园林绿地功能量化的研究[J].中国园林,1998,14(3):57-59.
HUANG X Y,WANG S G.Study on green value group of urban living environment[J].Chinese Landscape Architecture,1998,14(3):57-59.
[29] 欧阳勋志,廖为民,彭世揆.天然阔叶林景观质量评价及其垂直结构优化技术[J].应用生态学报,2007,18(6):1388-1392.
OUYANG X Z, LIAO W M, PENG S K.Landscape quality evaluation and vertical structure optimization of natural broad leaf forest[J].Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology,2007,18(6):1388-1392.
[30] 章志都,徐程扬,董建文,等.郁闭度对风景游憩林林下植被及林内景观的影响[J].城镇绿化,2008,6(2):10-13.DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1672-4925.2008.02.003.
ZHANG Z D,XU C Y,DONG J W,et al.Effects of canopy density on undergrowth vegetation and forest landscape in scenic recreational forest[J]. Journal of Chinese Urban Forestry,2008,6(2):10-13.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2017-12-28 修回日期:2018-04-21基金项目:浙江省重大科技专项重点农业项目(2015C02SAB00004)。 第一作者:王贤广(414065421@qq.com)。*通信作者:唐丽(435629404@qq.com),教授,ORCID(0000-0002-0338-712x)。引文格式:王贤广,王峥嵘,何小勇,等. 浙西南秋季林相美景度及其最优颜色构成模式研究[J]. 南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2019,43(1):118-126.
更新日期/Last Update: 2019-01-28