[1]孙佳杰,尹建道*,解玉红,等.天津滨海盐碱土壤微生物生态特性研究[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2010,34(03):057-61.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2010.03.012]
 SUN Jia jie,YIN Jian dao*,XIE Yu hong,et al.Microbial ecological characteristics of salinealkali soil in coastal area of Tianjin[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2010,34(03):057-61.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2010.03.012]
点击复制

天津滨海盐碱土壤微生物生态特性研究
分享到:

《南京林业大学学报(自然科学版)》[ISSN:1000-2006/CN:32-1161/S]

卷:
34
期数:
2010年03期
页码:
057-61
栏目:
研究论文
出版日期:
2010-06-29

文章信息/Info

Title:
Microbial ecological characteristics of salinealkali soil in coastal area of Tianjin
作者:
孙佳杰1尹建道1*解玉红1杨永利2舒晓武3刘保东1
1.天津理工大学环境科学与安全工程学院,天津300191;2.天津市泰达盐碱地绿化研究中心,天津300457; 3.天津港东疆建设开发有限公司,天津300456
Author(s):
SUN Jiajie1 YIN Jiandao1* XIE Yuhong1 YANG Yongli2 SHU Xiaowu3 LIU Baodong1
1.School of Environmental Science and Safety Engineering, Tianjin University of Technology, Tianjin 300191, China; 2.TEDA Salina Afforestation Research Center, Tianjin 300457, China; 3.Tianjin Port Eastern Harbour Area Construction & Development Co., Ltd.,Tianjin 300456, China
关键词:
盐碱地土壤微生物细菌真菌放线菌天津
Keywords:
salinealkali soil soil microorganism bacteria fungus actinomycetes Tianjin
分类号:
S714
DOI:
10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2010.03.012
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
以天津滨海盐碱土为研究对象,测定分析了土壤pH、含盐量、有机质和微生物类群的数量特征,并初步分离鉴定了优势菌属。研究结果表明:天津滨海土壤盐碱程度呈斑块状分布,肥力水平较低;土壤微生物总量较少,变动在0.75×105~14.19×105 cfu/g之间,其中细菌占绝对优势。土壤盐害程度越高,微生物数量越少,其关系式为y=-3.759 8lnx+11.281。土壤细菌、放线菌和真菌的数量分布从大到小为轻度盐化土、中度盐化土、重度盐化土、盐土,充分反映了以盐害为主导因子的土壤环境条件的综合影响;经分离鉴定,细菌以乳杆菌属、芽孢杆菌属为主,放线菌以链霉菌属占优势,真菌以青霉属为主。耐盐细菌的发现对于进一步研究滨海盐碱土壤的微生物区系、开发盐碱地专用肥料均具有重要的理论和现实意义。
Abstract:
There is a large area of saline alkali soil in our country’s coastal region, and saline alkali soil has unique physical and chemical properties and microbial flora. The saline alkali soil in Tianjin coastal area was taken as the object in this article, and the pH, the salinity, the organism content and the quantitative characteristics of microorganism of the soil were analyzed and the dominant species was also isolated and identified. The results showed that: The degree of soil salinity is distributed with speckle and lower fertility; The quantity of microbe in the soil changed in the range of 0.75×105—14.19×105 cfu/g, and bacteria were absolutely dominated; The higher salinity in soil, the less microorganism quantity, its relation equation was y=-3.759 8lnx+11.281. The amount of microbe were all in line with salt soil > high degree>middle degree>light degree, it has fully reflected the soil environmental condition synthesis influence as the leading factor of soil harm; With isolated and identified, the most of bacteria were Lactobacilli and Bacilli, and the most of actinomycetes were Streptomycete, and the most of fungi were Penicillium. The discovery of Halotolerant domesticated has the important theory and the practical significance to study the salinealkali soil in our country’s coastal region and to develop salinealkali soil specialpurpose fertilizer.

参考文献/References:

[1]张薇,魏海雷,高洪文,等. 土壤微生物多样性及其环境影响因子研究进展[J]. 生态学杂志,2005,24(1):48-52.
[2]Kennedy A C, Smith K L. Soil microbial diversity and the sustainability of agricultural soils[J]. Plant Soil, 1995, 170: 75-86.
[3]李香真,陈佐忠. 不同放牧率对草原植物与土壤C、N、P含量的影响[J]. 草地学报,1998,6(2):90-98.
[4]鲍士旦. 土壤农化分析[M]. 3版. 北京:中国农业出版社,2000.
[5]刘国生. 微生物学实验技术[M]. 北京:科学出版社,2007.
[6]章家恩. 生态学常用实验研究方法与技术[M]. 北京:化学工业出版社,2007.
[7]东秀珠,蔡妙英. 常见细菌系统鉴定手册[M]. 北京:科学出版社,2001.
[8]布坎南R E, 吉本斯N E. 伯杰细菌鉴定手册[M]. 8版. 北京:科学出版社,1984.
[9]阎逊初. 放线菌的分类和鉴定[M]. 北京:科学出版社,1992.
[10]魏景超. 真菌鉴定手册[M]. 上海:上海科学技术出版社,1979.
[11]黄明勇,杨剑芳,王怀锋,等. 天津滨海盐碱土地区城市绿地土壤微生物特性研究[J]. 土壤通报,2007,38(6):1131-1135.
[12]康贻军,胡健,董必慧,等. 滩涂盐碱土壤微生物生态特征的研究[J]. 农业环境科学学报,2007,26(增刊):181-183.
[13]尹建道,吴春森,杨进军,等. 天津市盐碱土面积考证及其动态分析[J]. 天津农业科学,2006,12(1):1-4.
[14]乔正良,来航线,强郁荣,等. 陕西主要盐碱土中微生物生态初步研究[J]. 西北农业学报,2006,15(3):60-64.
[15]罗明,邱沃. 新疆平原荒漠盐渍草地土壤微生物生态分布的研究[J]. 中国草地,1995(5):29-33.
[16]冯玉杰,张巍,陈桥,等. 松嫩平原盐碱化草原土壤理化特性及微生物结构分析[J]. 土壤,2007,39(2):301-305. (责任编辑王国栋)第34卷第3期 2010年5月南京林业大学学报(自然科学版) Journal of Nanjing Forestry University (Natural Science Edition)Vol.34, No.3 May, 2010

相似文献/References:

[1]李玥,张金池*,王丽,等.上海市沿海防护林土壤微生物三大类群变化特征[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2010,34(01):043.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2010.01.010]
 LI Yue,ZHANG Jin chi*,WANG Li,et al.Spatiotemporal and characteristic of the soil microbes of coastalprotection forest in Shanghai[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2010,34(03):043.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2010.01.010]
[2]樊奔,包树敏,蒋永丰,等.连栽杨树林对土壤微生物的影响[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2007,31(05):081.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2007.05.018]
 FAN Ben,BAO Shu-min,JIANG Yong-feng,et al.Effects of Replanting Poplar on Soil Microorganisms[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2007,31(03):081.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2007.05.018]
[3]戴雨生,康立新,梁珍海,等.江苏泥质海岸防护林土壤微生物数量分布及其类群的研究[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),1996,20(01):053.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.1996.01.013]
 Dai Yusheng Kang Lixin Liang Zhenhai (Jiangsu Forestry Research Institute Nanjing )Hu Haibo Zhao Ruifu(Nanjing Forestry University).A STUDY ON SOIL MICROORGANISM QUANTITATIVE AND ITS POPULATION OF PROTECTIVE FOREST GROWING ON ARGILLACEOS COAST IN JIANGSU PROVINCE[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),1996,20(03):053.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.1996.01.013]
[4]朱斌,王维中,张立新,等.宝华山不同演替群落下的土壤微生物状况[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2000,24(03):061.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2000.03.019]
 Zhu Bin\ Wang Weizhong\ Zhang Lixin\ Bian Yan\ Zou Huixian.A Study on Soil Microbes in Plant Communities of Different Succession Stages in Natural Conservation of Baohua Mountain[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2000,24(03):061.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2000.03.019]
[5]尹建道,姜志林,李兴明,等.黄河三角洲盐碱地综合开发构想[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2000,24(05):061.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2000.05.016]
 YIN Jian dao,JIANG Zhi lin,LI Xing ming,et al.Strategic Concept on Comprehensive Development of Yellow River Delta Saline and Alkaline Land[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2000,24(03):061.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2000.05.016]
[6]王国兵,郭娇娇,曹国华,等.不同施肥模式对杨树人工林土壤微生物生物量C、N、P的影响[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2016,40(05):009.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.2016.05.002]
 WANG Guobing,GUO Jiaojiao,CAO Guohua,et al.Effects of different fertilization regimes on soil microbial biomass C, N, P under poplar plantation[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2016,40(03):009.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.2016.05.002]

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2009-08-08修回日期:2010-02-24基金项目:国家林业局“948”项目(2006412);天津港东疆港区绿化工程技术研究项目(2008630)作者简介:孙佳杰(1984—),硕士生。*尹建道(通信作者),教授。Email: yjd0059@163.com。引文格式:孙佳杰,尹建道,解玉红,等. 天津滨海盐碱土壤微生物生态特性研究[J]. 南京林业大学学报:自然科学版,2010,34(3):57-61.
更新日期/Last Update: 2010-06-29