[1]张鸽香,徐娇,王国兵,等.城市3种类型人工林土壤的呼吸动态特征[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2011,35(03):008.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2011.03.009]
 ZHANG Gexiang,XU Jiao,WANG Guobing,et al.Seasonal variations of soil respiration in three different urban plantations in Nanjing[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2011,35(03):008.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2011.03.009]
点击复制

城市3种类型人工林土壤的呼吸动态特征
分享到:

《南京林业大学学报(自然科学版)》[ISSN:1000-2006/CN:32-1161/S]

卷:
35
期数:
2011年03期
页码:
008
栏目:
研究论文
出版日期:
2011-06-13

文章信息/Info

Title:
Seasonal variations of soil respiration in three different urban plantations in Nanjing
作者:
张鸽香徐娇王国兵侯飞飞阮宏华*
南京林业大学森林资源与环境学院,江苏省林业生态工程重点实验室,江苏南京210037
Author(s):
ZHANG Gexiang XU Jiao WANG Guobing HOU Feifei RUAN Honghua*
Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Forest Ecological Engineering, College of Forest Resources and Environment, Nanjing Forestry University, Nanjing 210037, China
关键词:
人工林土壤呼吸土壤温度土壤含水率
Keywords:
plantation forest soil respiration soil temperature soil moisture
分类号:
S7312;X1711
DOI:
10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2011.03.009
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
利用Licor-6400-09土壤呼吸测定系统对南京林业大学树木园内3种人工林(马褂木林、栓皮栎+雪松+刺槐混交林、柳杉林)土壤呼吸速率的季节变化及其影响因子进行分析。结果表明:(1)3种人工林的土壤呼吸速率具有明显的季节变化,夏季(7月)较高,马褂木林、栓皮栎+雪松+刺槐混交林和柳杉林的土壤呼吸速率最高值分别为474、409和414 μmol/(m2·s);冬季(12月)最低,分别为148、121和085 μmol/(m2·s);(2)3种人工林的年均土壤呼吸速率有显著差异(p<005),年均土壤呼吸速率大小排序为马褂木林、栓皮栎+雪松+刺槐混交林、柳杉林;(3)3种人工林的土壤呼吸速率与土壤温度呈显著性指数相关,与土壤含水率呈显著线性相关;(4)3种人工林的Q10值存在一定程度的差异,柳杉林的Q10值大于栓皮栎+雪松+刺槐混交林和马褂木林的Q10值。
Abstract:
Soil respiration was measured using Licor-6400-09 system in the three different urban plantations in Nanjing Forestry University, and its main regulating factors were also measured at the same time during October, 2007 to September, 2008. The three plantation types were Chinese tulip tree, Chinese cedar and mixed plantation of cork oak, deodar cedar and black locust. The results showed that (1) The seasonal fluctuations of soil respiration rates were significant in Chinese tulip tree, Chinese cedar and mixed plantation, and with maximum of 474, 409 and 414 μmol/(m2· s) in summer, respectively, and minimum of 148,1.21 and 085 μmol/(m2· s) in winter, respectively. (2) The annual mean of soil respiration rate was significantly different among three different plantations(p<0.05). The order of the annual mean of soil respiration rate was: Chinese tulip tree,mixed plantation, and Chinese cedar. (3) Soil respiration was significantly correlated to soil temperature and soil moisture. (4) The Q10 value was different between three plantations, and the Chinese cedar plantation had the largest Q10 value. The results provide theoretical basis for understanding of carbon cycle in urban plantation of this region.

参考文献/References:

[1]张宪权,王文杰,祖元刚,等.东北地区几种不同林分土壤呼吸组分的差异性[J]. 东北林业大学学报,2005,33(2):46-47,73.
[2]Schlesinger W H, Andrews J A. Soil respiration and the global carbon cycle [J]. Biogeochemistry, 2000, 48: 7-20.
[3]Dixon R K, Brown S, Houghton R A, et al. Carbon pools and flux of global forest ecosystems [J]. Science, 1994, 263: 185-190.
[4]杨玉盛,董彬,谢锦升,等. 森林土壤呼吸及其对全球变化的响应[J]. 生态学报,2004,24(3): 583-591.
[5]王鹤松,张劲松,孟平,等. 侧柏人工林地土壤呼吸及其影响因子的研究[J]. 土壤通报,2009, 40(5):1031-1035.
[6]徐丽君,王波,玉柱,等. 不同生长年限敖汉苜蓿草地土壤呼吸研究[J]. 干旱区研究,2009,26(1):14-20.
[7]邓爱娟,申双和,张雪松,等. 华北平原地区麦田土壤呼吸特征[J]. 生态学杂志,2009,8(11): 2286-2292.
[8]Raich J W, Tufekcioglu A. Vegetation and soil respiration: Correlations and controls [J]. Biogeochemistry, 2000, 48: 71-90.
[9]张鸽香,徐娇,王国兵,等. 南京城市公园绿地不同植被类型土壤呼吸的变化[J]. 生态学杂志,2010,29(2):274-280.
[10]杨兰芳,蔡祖聪. 不同生长期盆栽大豆的土壤呼吸昼夜变化及其影响因子[J]. 生态学报, 2004(12):2955-2960.
[11]苏永红,冯起,朱高峰,等. 土壤呼吸与测定方法研究进展[J]. 中国沙漠,2008,28(1):57-65.
[12]Chu J X, Zhang X Q. Dynamic and fractionalization of soil respiration under three different land use covers in the subalpine region of western Sichuan province, China[J]. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2006, 26 (6): 1693-1700.
[13]Myroslava Khomik, Altaf Arain M, McCaughey J H. Temporal and spatial variability of soil respiration in a boreal mixed wood forest[J].Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 2006, 140: 244-256.
[14]Subke J A, Reichstein M, Tenhunen J D. Explaining temporal variation in soil CO2 efflux in a mature spruce forest in Southern Germany[J].Soil Biology & Biochemistry, 2003, 35: 1467-1483.
[15]Wang C K, Yang J Y, Zhang Q Z. Soil respiration in six temperate forests in China[J].Global Change Biology, 2006, 12:1-12.
[16]张东秋,石培礼,张宪洲. 土壤呼吸主要影响因素的研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展,2005,20(7):778-785.
[17]易志刚,蚁伟民,周国逸,等. 鼎湖山三种主要植被类型土壤碳释放研究[J ]. 生态学报,2003,23(8):1673-1678.
[18]黄辉,杨玉盛,高人,等. 杉木林与楠木林土壤呼吸昼夜变化及与土温变化的关系[J]. 福建师范大学学报:自然科学版,2009,25(2):113-118.
[19]尉海东,马祥庆. 中亚热带3种主要人工林的土壤呼吸动态[J]. 福建农林大学学报:自然科学版,2006,35(3):272-277.
[20]Luo Y Q, Wan S Q, Hui D F, et al. Acclimatization of soil respiration to warming in a tall grass prairie[J]. Nature, 2001,413: 622-625.
[21]王国兵,唐燕飞,阮宏华,等.次生栎林与火炬松人工林土壤呼吸的季节变异及其主要影响因子[J]. 生态学报,2009,29(2):966-975.
[22]王凤文,杨书运,徐小牛,等. 亚热带3种森林植被类型土壤的呼吸特征[J]. 贵州农业科学,2009, 37(3):82-84.
[23]Ohashi M, Gyokusen K, Saito A. Contribution of root respiration to total soil respiration in a Japanese cedar artificial forest[J]. Ecological Research, 2000, 15: 323-333.
[24]孔雨光,王因花,张金池,等. 苏北泥质海岸水杉林地土壤的异养呼吸[J]. 南京林业大学学报:自然科学版, 2010, 34(1):15-18.
[25]Yang P, Du B H. Overseas study dynamic on soil CO2 emission[J]. Agricultural Meteorology, 1996, 17: 48-50.
[26]Vincent G. Spatial and seasonal variations in soil respiration in a temperate deciduous forest with fluctuating water table[J].Soil Biology & Biochemistry, 2006, 38: 2527-2535.
[27]Luan J W, Xiang C H, Luo Z S, et al. Research advances in forest soil respiration [J]. Chin J Appl Ecol, 2006, 17 (12): 2451-2456.
[28]Burton A J, Pregitzer K S. Field measurement of root respiration indicate little to no seasonal temperate acclimation for sugar maple and red pine [J]. Tree Physiology, 2003, 23: 273-280.
[29]Rey A, Pegoraro E, Tedeschi V, et al. Annual variation in soil respiration and its components in a coppice oak forest in central Italy[J]. Global Change Biology, 2002, 8(9): 851-866.
[30]Qi Y, Xu M. Separating the effects of moisture and temperature on soil CO2 efflux in a coniferous forest in the Sierra Nevada Mountains [J]. Plant and Soil, 2001, 237(1): 15-23.

相似文献/References:

[1]张正雄,周新年,陈玉凤,等.汽车运材对人工林伐区林地土壤的影响[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2008,32(01):103.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2008.01.024]
 ZHANG Zheng-xiong,ZHOU Xin-nian,CHEN Yu-feng,et al.Effect of wood transportation by truck on the road soil properties of artificial forest cutting area[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2008,32(03):103.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2008.01.024]
[2]唐燕飞,王国兵,阮宏华*.土壤呼吸对温度的敏感性研究综述[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2008,32(01):128.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2008.01.031]
 TANG Yan-fei,WANG Guo-bing,RUAN Hong-hua*.A review on the sensitivity of soil respiration to temperature[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2008,32(03):128.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2008.01.031]
[3]唐罗忠.土壤中根系呼吸通量的分离测定方法综述[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2008,32(02):097.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2008.02.022]
[4]何斌,黄恒川,曹明,等.秃杉人工林微量元素含量、积累与分配特征[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2009,33(01):069.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2009.01.014]
 HE Bin,HUANG Heng chuan,CAO Ming,et al.Concentration, accumulation and distribution of microelements in Taiwania flousiana plantation[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2009,33(03):069.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2009.01.014]
[5]王大明,赵尘,李兆山.人工林采伐作业物质流分析[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2009,33(01):139.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2009.01.030]
 WANG Da ming,ZHAO Chen,LI Zhao shan.Analysis of the material flow of forest plantation harvesting operation[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2009,33(03):139.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2009.01.030]
[6]葛之葳,龚吉蕊*,段庆伟,等.生长季新疆伊犁速生杨群落土壤的呼吸特征[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2009,33(02):065.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2009.02.016]
 GE Zhi wei,GONG Ji rui*,DUAN Qing wei,et al.Diurnal and monthly variation of soil respiration during growing season in Yili, Xinjiang[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2009,33(03):065.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2009.02.016]
[7]张增信,施政,何容,等.北亚热带次生栎林和人工松林土壤呼吸日变化[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2010,34(01):019.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2010.01.005]
 ZHANG Zeng xin,SHI Zheng,HE Rong,et al.Soil respiration of Quercus variabilis Bl.and Pinus taeda L.forest ecosystems in northern subtropics areas of China[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2010,34(03):019.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2010.01.005]
[8]黄承标,刘运华,秦武明,等.3种植被恢复过程中水土流失规律的研究[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2010,34(02):059.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2010.02.013]
 HUANG Cheng biao,LIU Yun hua,QIN Wu ming,et al.Study on the water and soil erosion rules during the three types of vegetation recovery process[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2010,34(03):059.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2010.02.013]
[9]刘胜,丁九敏,徐涵湄,等.雪灾对毛竹林土壤呼吸与微生物生物量碳的影响[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2010,34(03):126.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2010.03.026]
 LIU Sheng,DING Jiu min,XU Han mei,et al.The influence of snow storm on soil respiration and soil microbial biomass carbon of Phyllostachys heterocycla cv.pubescens forest[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2010,34(03):126.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2010.03.026]
[10]陈平,万福绪*,顾汤华,等.徐州石灰岩丘陵区不同人工林林下植物多样性研究[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2010,34(05):023.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2010.05.005]
 CHEN Ping,WAN Fu xu*,GU Tang hua,et al.Study on the species diversity of the different plantation types in the limestone hilly areas of Xuzhou city[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2010,34(03):023.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2010.05.005]

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2010-04-22修回日期:2010-12-17基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(30670313);国家林业局林业公益性行业科研专项(200804006,200704005/wb02)作者简介:张鸽香(1967—),副教授,博士生。*阮宏华(通信作者), 教授。Email:hruan1690@yahoo.com。引文格式:张鸽香,徐娇,王国兵,等. 城市3种类型人工林土壤的呼吸动态特征[J]. 南京林业大学学报:自然科学版,2011,35(3):43-48.
更新日期/Last Update: 2011-06-13