[1]周玮,周运超*.施肥对马尾松幼苗及根系生长的影响[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2011,35(03):013.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2011.03.014]
 ZHOU Wei,ZHOU Yunchao*.Effect on the growth of Pinus massoniana seedlings and root under different fertilizer treatments[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2011,35(03):013.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2011.03.014]
点击复制

施肥对马尾松幼苗及根系生长的影响
分享到:

《南京林业大学学报(自然科学版)》[ISSN:1000-2006/CN:32-1161/S]

卷:
35
期数:
2011年03期
页码:
013
栏目:
研究论文
出版日期:
2011-06-13

文章信息/Info

Title:
Effect on the growth of Pinus massoniana seedlings and root under different fertilizer treatments
作者:
周玮12周运超1*
1.贵州大学林学院,贵州贵阳550025;2.贵州省林业科学研究院,贵州贵阳550005
Author(s):
ZHOU Wei12ZHOU Yunchao1*
1.Forest College of Guizhou University,Guiyang 550025,China;2.Forest Academy of Guizhou,Guiyang 550005,China
关键词:
施肥马尾松幼苗根系
Keywords:
fertilization Pinus massoniana seedling root
分类号:
S791.3
DOI:
10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2011.03.014
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
采用盆栽试验研究了不同施肥处理下马尾松苗木苗高、地径、根系的动态变化。研究表明:施肥对马尾松地上及根系生长有一定促进作用。其中,苗高、地径在单施磷肥时生长最好,到12个月时,分别为16.23、0.29 cm,高于对照67.5 %及155.1 %;根长最长为54.58 cm/株,高于对照69.2 %;主根长相对较短(20.67 cm/株),仅高于对照29.1 %;根表面积较大,为11.86 cm2/株,明显高于对照104.8 %;根尖数较多(239个/株),高于对照16.1 %,侧须根发达。其次是氮、磷、钾肥混施效果较好,而单施氮肥则效果不佳。因此,在马尾松苗木培育过程中,适当施用磷肥可促进大苗、壮苗培育。
Abstract:
Dynamic diversification of the height, diameter and root under different fertilizer treatment was studied. Results showed: the growth of aboveground parts and root under different fertilizer treatments increased more or less. The height and diameter of Pinus massoniana were the best under phosphate fertilizer treatment. The value of height and diameter were 1623 cm and 029 cm after one year and 675% and 1551% higher than that of CK respectively. The root length was 5458 cm/strains and 692 % higher than CK. The main root length was relatively short, 2067 cm/strains, only 291% higher than CK. The root surface area was 1186 cm2/strain and 1048% higher than the CK. The root tips was 239 in a plant and 161% higher than CK. The lateral fibrous roots were well developed under phosphate fertilizer treatment. Followed by the NPK fertilizer mixing facilities, single application of nitrogenous fertilizer was ineffective. Thus, in the process of pine seedling, the appropriate application of phosphate fertilizer can promote sound seedlings cultivation.

参考文献/References:

[1]郭玉文,李贻铨,宋菲.不同产区杉木幼林施肥效应及主要影响因子[J].植物营养与肥料学报,2000,6(1):91-97.
[2]董健,尤文忠,范俊岗,等.日本落叶松近熟林施肥效应[J].东北林业大学学报,2002,30(3):8-12.
[3]冯玉龙,王文章,敖红.长白落叶松无性系选择生理指标的研究[J].林业科学,2000,36(专刊1):80-85.
[4]李永山,冯利平,郭美丽,等.棉花根系的生长特性及其与栽培措施和产量关系的研究:Ⅱ.栽培措施对棉花根系生长的影响及其与地上部和产量的关系[J].棉花学报,1992, 4(2): 59-66.
[5]鲍士旦.土壤农化分析[M].北京:中国农业出版社,2000.
[6]Pregitzer K S, Hendrick R L, Fogel R. The demography of fine roots in response to patches of water and nitrogen[J]. New Phytologist, 1993,125: 575-580.
[7]王忠.植物生理学[M].北京:中国农业出版社,1999.
[8]周运超,温佐吾,谢双喜,等.贵州马尾松幼林施肥试验研究[J].贵州林业科技,1999,27(4):28-33.
[9]吉艳芝,陈立新,薛宝民,等,施肥对落叶松人工林植物养分及生理特性的影响[J].生态环境,2004,13(2):217-219.
[10]刁治民,李锦萍,马寿福.青海蚕豆根瘤菌共生固氮效应的研究[J].青海师范大学学报,2002 (1):55-59.
[11]王静,段红平,包世英,等,不同施肥处理对蚕豆根系及根瘤的影响[J].云南农业大学学报,2007,22(4):555-559.
[12]Sanginga N. Role of biological nitrogen fixation in legume based cropping systems: a case study of WestAfrica farming systems[J].Plant and Soil, 2003,252:25-39.
[13]李春俭,张福锁.植物营养胁迫及其适应性反应的调节[G]//冯峰,张福锁,杨新泉.植物营养研究进展与展望.北京:中国农业大学出版社,2000.
[14]Shaver G R, Johnson L C, Cades D H, et al. Biomass and CO2 flux in wet sedge: responses to nutrients, temperature, and light[J]. Ecological Monograph, 1998, 68:75-98.
[15]潘晓华,石庆华,郭进耀.无机磷对植物叶片光合作用的影响及其机理的研究进展[J].植物营养与肥料学报,1997, 3: 201-208.
[16]蔡宏明.马尾松幼林施肥的综合效应研究[J].林业科技通讯,1997 (9): 15-17.
[17]胡炳堂,洪顺山,关志山,等.马尾松造林施肥两年生长反应[J].林业科学研究,1996,9 (2): 215-220.
[18]卢立华,蔡道雄,何日明.马尾松幼林施肥综合分析[J].林业科学, 2004, 40(4):99-105.
[19]谌红辉,温恒辉.马尾松人工幼林施肥肥效与增益持续性研究[J].林业科学研究,2000,13(6):652-658.
[20]谌红辉,温恒辉.马尾松人工中龄林施肥肥效与增益持续性研究[J].林业科学研究, 2001,14(5):533-539.
[21]赵颖,周志春,吴吉富,等.马尾松优良种源对磷肥的生长反应和肥效持续性[J].林业科学,2007,43(10):64-70.
[22]谢莉华,周建,周政贤.马尾松幼树根系固氮细菌的发现及其初步研究[J].林业科学,1997,32(2):152-160.
[23]尤崇构,王耀东,宋末,等.水稻接种耐铵型固氮工程菌株的效应[J].生物工程进展,1993,13(6): 43-46.
[24]Rothstein D E, Zak D R, Pregitzer K S, et al. Kinetics of nitrogen uptake by Populus tremuloides in relation to atmospheric CO2 and soil N availability[J]. Tree Physiology, 2000,20: 265-270.
[25]周运超,温佐吾,谢双喜,等,贵州马尾松幼林施肥试验研究[J].贵州林业科技,1999,27(4):28-33.
[26]卢立华,蔡道雄,何日明,马尾松幼林施肥效应综合分析[J].林业科学,2004,40(4):99-105.

相似文献/References:

[1]汪佑宏,顾炼百,刘启明,等.马尾松锯材在热压干燥过程中的传质数学模型[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2008,32(02):071.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2008.02.016]
[2]刘志高,黄华宏,吴家胜,等.石蒜鳞茎栽培中施用氮磷钾肥的效应[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2009,33(02):137.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2009.02.033]
 LIU Zhi gao,HUANG Hua hong,WU Jia sheng,et al.The effects of N, P and K fertilizer applied in plantation of Lycoris radiata[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2009,33(03):137.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2009.02.033]
[3]高景斌,徐六一,叶建仁*,等.运用MuPS标记识别马尾松抗松材线虫病个体[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2009,33(03):001.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2009.03.001]
 GAO Jing bin,XU Liu yi,YE Jian ren*,et al.Using MuPS marker technique to identify individual of Pinus massoniana resistance to pine wilt disease[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2009,33(03):001.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2009.03.001]
[4]吴家森,姜培坤*,谢秉楼,等.不同施肥处理对雷竹林土壤氮、磷渗漏流失的影响[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2009,33(03):060.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2009.03.014]
 WU Jia sen,JIANG Pei kun*,XIE Bing lou,et al.Study on nitrogen and phosphorus leaching at different fertilizer levels in Phyllostachys praecox stands[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2009,33(03):060.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2009.03.014]
[5]徐超,吴小芹*,张红岩.D精氨酸对菌根化马尾松植株内源多胺和抗旱能力的影响[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2009,33(04):019.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2009.04.004]
 XU Chao,WU Xiao qin*,ZHANG Hong yan.Impact of DArg on drought resistance and endogenous polyamines in mycorrhizal Pinus massoniana[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2009,33(03):019.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2009.04.004]
[6]高悦,吴小芹*,孙民琴.马尾松不同菌根苗对氮磷钾的吸收利用[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2009,33(04):077.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2009.04.016]
 GAO Yue,WU Xiao qin*,SUN Min qin.Effects of ectomycorrhizal seedlings of masson pine on absorption and utilization of N, P and K[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2009,33(03):077.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2009.04.016]
[7]张一,周志春,金国庆,等.马尾松双列杂交亲本遗传距离与杂种生长优势相关性分析[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2010,34(01):009.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2010.01.003]
 ZHANG Yi,ZHOU Zhi chun,JIN Guo qing,et al.Genetic distances of parents of Pinus massoniana and relationship between growth traits and heterosis of progeny[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2010,34(03):009.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2010.01.003]
[8]王楚,翟华敏*,刘婧怡,等.耐热耐碱木聚糖酶对马尾松KP浆的助漂性能[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2010,34(03):031.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2010.03.007]
 WANG Chu,ZHAI Hua min*,LIU Jing yi,et al.Effect of thermostable and alkaline tolerant xylanase pretreatment on the bleaching properties of pine kraft pulp[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2010,34(03):031.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2010.03.007]
[9]洪永辉,林文奖,黄以法.12年生马尾松种子园半同胞家系生长性状变异分析与优良家系选择[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2010,34(04):026.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2010.04.006]
 HONG Yong hui,LIN Wen jiang,HUANG Yi fa.Selection of excellent families and analysis on growth variation for the 12yearold halfsib family of seed orchard of Pinus massoniana[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2010,34(03):026.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2010.04.006]
[10]郭峰,周运超*.不同密度马尾松林针叶养分含量及其转移特征[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2010,34(04):093.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2010.04.021]
 GUO Feng,ZHOU Yun chao*.Foliar nutrient contents and translocation features in different density of Pinus massoniana plantations[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2010,34(03):093.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2010.04.021]
[11]周运超,张运吉,谌红辉,等.施肥对马尾松人工中龄林生物归还的影响[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2002,26(04):035.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2002.04.009]
 ZHOU Yun chao,ZHANG Yun jie,CHEN Hong hui,et al.Biological Litterfall of Middle-aged Plantation of Masson Pine After Fertilization[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2002,26(03):035.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2002.04.009]

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2010-04-30修回日期:2010-11-28基金项目:“十一五”国家科技支撑计划(2006BAD24B0301);国家科技成果转化项目(2007GB2F200286);贵州省特助人才项目(TZJF-2007年20号);贵州省农业攻关项目(黔科合NY字20093066)作者简介:周玮(1982—),博士生。* 周运超(通信作者),教授。Email: fc.yczhou@gzu.edu.cn。引文格式:周玮,周运超. 施肥对马尾松幼苗及根系生长的影响[J]. 南京林业大学学报:自然科学版,2011,35(3):70-74.
更新日期/Last Update: 2011-06-13