[1]杨 静,张金池*,庄家尧,等.基于多源数据的北京地区运河沿线综合环境评价研究[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2012,36(04):018-22.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2012.04.004]
 YANG Jing,ZHANG Jinchi*,ZHUANG Jiayao,et al.Multi-resources data based environment assessment of the Jing-Hang Grand Canal in Beijing[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2012,36(04):018-22.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2012.04.004]
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基于多源数据的北京地区运河沿线综合环境评价研究
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《南京林业大学学报(自然科学版)》[ISSN:1000-2006/CN:32-1161/S]

卷:
36
期数:
2012年04期
页码:
018-22
栏目:
研究论文
出版日期:
2012-07-31

文章信息/Info

Title:
Multi-resources data based environment assessment of the Jing-Hang Grand Canal in Beijing
作者:
杨 静张金池*庄家尧张增信
南京林业大学森林资源与环境学院,江苏 南京 210037
Author(s):
YANG JingZHANG Jinchi*ZHUANG JiayaoZHANG Zengxin
College of Forest Resources and Environment, Nanjing Forestry University,Nanjing 210037,China
关键词:
京杭大运河 土地利用 环境评价 北京地区
Keywords:
Jing-Hang Grand Canal land use environment assessment Beijing
分类号:
X82; TP79
DOI:
10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2012.04.004
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
在地理信息系统和遥感技术的支持下,以京杭大运河北京地区为例,利用2006年9月的SPOT5遥感影像数据对运河沿线区域进行解译,获取土地利用数据,并结合野外调查,构建运河沿线遗产数据库; 参照已有环境评价模型,提出了历史文化遗产类环境评价的构成要素,构建了包括人文环境在内的新的综合环境评价模型(ICEA=∑ni=1IEEA,i×Wi+∑nj=1IHEA,j×Wj),并应用该模型对运河沿线区域环境状况进行了评价。研究结果表明:北京地区运河沿线区域环境总体状况一般,中等及以下等级的区域占总面积的34%; 在区域上表现为由郊区向市区逐渐变差的态势,主要与各区域的自然条件、经济状况及人文环境建设有较强的相关性,需因地制宜采取措施,加强运河沿线地区整体环境现状的改善。该评价模型可运用于运河全线区域的环境评价。
Abstract:
The Jing-Hang Grand Canal with a total length of more than 1 700 km, goes through 2 500 years in Chinese history. It plays an important role in the field of Canal navigation, military affairs, political affairs and culture. Until now, the part of the Canal from Jining to Hangzhou, which is more than 1 100 km, is still being used. However, the current situation of environment along the Canal is disgusting and the human environment is not thought important. Based on GIS and RS, SPOT5 RS image data of September in the year 2006 for Beijing city was interpreted and raster database of land use was made. According to the cultural heritage data obtained from field observation as well as the ecological characteristics along the Grand Canal, a new human environmental evaluation model was proposed systematically with cultural and heritage factors which was integrated with ecological environment evaluation model to create a synthetic environment assessment model to evaluate the environment along the Canal of Beijing(ICEA=∑ni=1IEEA,i×Wi+∑nj=1IHEA,j×Wj). Results showed that the general environment along the Canal was usual, and the area under middle level accounts for 34% of the whole area. Correlating with natural condition, economic development and human environment, its spatial distribution shows that the synthesis value of environment decreased from the suburb to the urban area. So measures should be taken to improve both ecological environment and human environment along the canal in Beijing. The new model was believed useful for the ecological and human environment assessment along the Jing-Hang Grand Canal for its planning, protection, management and application for the world heritage as well as its sustainable development.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2011-11-22 修回日期:2012-04-25 基金项目:“十一五”国家科技支撑计划(2006BAK30B01) 第一作者:杨静,博士生。*通信作者:张金池,教授。E-mail: zhang8811@njfu.edu.cn。引文格式:杨静,张金池,庄家尧,等. 基于多源数据的北京地区运河沿线综合环境评价研究[J]. 南京林业大学学报:自然科学版,2012,36(4):18-22.
更新日期/Last Update: 2012-07-07