[1]吴 华,张建利,范怡雯,等.草海流域植物群落结构数量分类与排序[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2013,37(03):047-52.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.2013.03.009]
 WU Hua,ZHANG Jianli,FAN Yiwen,et al.Numerical classification and ordination of forest communities in Caohai basin[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2013,37(03):047-52.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.2013.03.009]
点击复制

草海流域植物群落结构数量分类与排序
分享到:

《南京林业大学学报(自然科学版)》[ISSN:1000-2006/CN:32-1161/S]

卷:
37
期数:
2013年03期
页码:
047-52
栏目:
研究论文
出版日期:
2013-05-20

文章信息/Info

Title:
Numerical classification and ordination of forest communities in Caohai basin
作者:
吴 华1张建利12范怡雯1喻理飞1*严令斌1袁丛军1
1.贵州大学,喀斯特生态环境研究中心,贵州 贵阳 550025;
2.贵州科学院,贵州省山地资源研究所, 贵州 贵阳 550001
Author(s):
WU Hua1ZHANG Jianli12FAN Yiwen1YU Lifei1*YAN Lingbin1YUAN Congjun1
1. The Research Center of Karst Ecological Environment, Guizhou University, Guiyang 550025,China;
2. Institute of Mountain Resources of Guizhou Province, Guizhou Academy of Sciences, Guiyang 550001, China
关键词:
森林群落 双向指示种分析法分类 DCA排序 CCA排序 草海流域
Keywords:
forest community TWINSPAN classification DCA ordination CCA ordination Caohai basin
分类号:
S718.5
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.2013.03.009
摘要:
采用典型样地法对草海流域森林植被进行取样,利用22块样地资料对群落进行双向指示种分析法(TWINSPAN)分类、除趋势对应分析(DCA)排序和典范对应分析(CCA)排序,研究了草海流域植被的群落结构。结果表明:(1)利用TWINSPAN对流域内物种进行了分类,按照不同的指示种将其划分为7个群丛类型,同时在DCA二维排序图上得到了很好的印证。(2)CCA排序结果显示,对排序贡献由大到小依次为海拔、坡向、坡度、坡位。第1排序轴与海拔有关,反映了研究区温度条件的差异; 第2排序轴与坡向和坡度显著的相关关系,反映了研究区水热和光照条件的差异。综合认为,草海流域植物群落分布主要受海拔和坡向两个环境因子的影响,具有明显的垂直地带性分布。
Abstract:
In this research, a typical sampling method was adopted to sample in forests of Caohai basin. And based on the data from 22 sample plots, forest communities in Caohai basin were investigated using TWINSPAN and DCA and CCA in order to analyze the structure of the communities.(1)The results of TWINSPAN classification indicated that these quadrate were classified into 7 types based on the species of Caohai basin, and they were further verified in the DCA two-dimensional ranking diagram.(2)CCA ordination results showed that the contribution in descending order was elevation,aspect, slope,and slope position.The first axis expressed the gradient of altitude among the communities,indicating the function of temperature.On the other hand,the second axis showed significant correlation with slop and aspect,which suggested that humidity,illumination and other things played key roles in community assembly.The results also indicated that the distribution of the vegetation communities was mainly impacted by two environment factors including elevation and aspect.At the same time, the vertical distribution character was obvious.

参考文献/References:

[1] 张金屯. 植被数量生态学方法[M]. 北京:中国科学技术出版社, 1995.
[2] 向春玲,张金屯. 东灵山亚高山草甸的数量分析[J]. 草业科学,2009, 26(12):13-18. Xiang C L,Zhang J T. Quantitative analysis of subalpine meadows in Dongling Mountain[J]. Pratacultural Science, 2009, 26(12):13-18.
[3] 张峰,张金屯. 我国植被数量分类和排序研究进展[J]. 山西大学学报:自然科学版, 2000, 23(3):278-282. Zhang F, Zhang J T. Quantitative classification and ordination of vegetation in China research progress[J]. Journal of Shanxi University:Natural Sciences Edition, 2000, 23(3):278-282.
[4] 张峰,张金屯. 历山自然保护区猪尾沟森林群落植被格局及环境解释[J]. 生态学报, 2003, 23(3):421-427. Zhang F,Zhang J T. Lishan Nature Reserve of forest communities in Zhuweigou of vegetation pattern and environmental interpretation[J]. Journal of Ecology, 2003,23(3):421-427.
[5] 郭逍宇,张金屯,宫辉力,等. 安太堡矿区植被恢复过程主要种生态位梯度变化研究[J]. 西北植物学报, 2004, 24(12):2329-2334. Guo X Y,Zhang J T,Gong H L. A study on gradual change of the dominant species’ niche in the process of vegetation restoration of Antaibao mine[J]. Journal of Northwest Plants, 2004, 24(12):2329-2334.
[6] 孔凡翠,杨瑞东,林树基. 从威宁草海的演化分析0.73Ma来贵州威宁地区喀斯特环境的演变[J]. 地球与环境, 2010,38(2):138-145. Kong F C,Yang R D,Lin S J. Key laboratory of analysis of the evolution of Karst environment of Weining region,Guizhou province,West China:A proof from the sediment evolution of Lake Caohai since about 73 million years[J]. Earth and Environment, 2010,38(2):138-145.
[7] 齐建文,李矿明,黎育成,等. 贵州草海湿地现状与生态恢复对策[J]. 中南林业调查规划, 2012, 31(2):39-40. Qi J W,Li K G,Li Y C. Restoration strategies of Caohai wetland in Guizhou province[J]. Central South Forestry Survey and Planning, 2012, 31(2):39-40.
[8] 潘少兵,任晓冬. 草海国家级自然保护区水生植物群落的数量分类与排序分析[J]. 生物学杂志, 2010, 27(5):60-63. Pan S B,Ren X D. An analysis on quantitative classification and ordination of aquatic plant communities in Caohai Natural Reserve[J]. Journal of Biology, 2010, 27(5):60-63.
[9] 康永祥,岳军伟,张巧明. 黄龙山林区辽东栎群落类型划分及其生物多样性研究[J]. 西北林学院学报, 2007, 22(3):7-10. Kang Y X,Yue J W,Zhang Q M.Classification of Quercus liaotungensis communities and biodiversity in the Huanglong Mountain[J]. Journal of Northwest Forestry University, 2007, 22(3):7-10.
[10] 喻理飞,朱守谦,叶镜中,等. 退化喀斯特森林自然恢复过程中群落动态研究[J]. 林业科学,2002, 38(1):1-7. Yu L F,Zhu S Q,Ye J Z. Dynamics of a degraded Karst forest in the process of natural restoration[J]. Foresty Science, 2002, 38(1):1-7.
[11] 杨三红,李晋敏. 基于DEM的森林空间分布格局的研究[J]. 山西林业科技, 2008(2):13-15, 22. Yang S H, Li J M. Analysis on forest spatial distribution based on DEM[J]. Shanxi Forestry Science and Technology, 2008(2):13-15, 22.
[12] 曾宏达,陈光水,杨玉盛. 基于DEM的森林空间分布研究[J]. 国土与自然资源研究, 2005(3):85-87. Zeng H D, Chen G S, Yang Y S. Analysis on forest spatial distribution based on DEM[J]. Territory Natural Resources Study, 2005(3):85-87.
[13] 曾宏达. 基于DEM和地统计的森林资源空间格局分析:以武夷山山区为例[J]. 地球信息科学, 2005, 7(2):82-88. Zeng H D. Application of digital terrain information and geostatistics to forest spatial pattern analysis—A case on Wuyi Mt. area[J]. Geo-Information Science, 2005, 7(2):82-88.
[14] 宁波,龚文峰,孔达,等. 基于GIS的帽儿山森林资源变化[J]. 东北林业大学学报, 2006, 34(5):32-34. Ning B, Gong W F, Kong D. GIS-based analysis on the change of forest resources in Maoershan experimental Forest Farm of Shangzhi city, Heilongjiang province[J]. Journal of Northeast Forestry University, 2006, 34(5):32-34.
[15] 王得祥,蔺雨阳,雷瑞德,等. 秦岭山地天然油松林群落结构特征和数量分类研究[J]. 西北植物学报, 2009, 29(5):1016-1025. Wang D X, Lin Y Y, Lei R D. Community composition and classification of natural forest of Chinese pine(Pinus tabulaeformis Carr.)in Qinling Mountains[J]. Acta Botanica Boreall-occidentalia Sinica, 2009, 29(5):1016-1025.
[16] 中国植被编辑委员会.中国植被[M].北京:中国科学技术出版社,1980.

相似文献/References:

[1]陈奋飞,刘茂松 *,任瑞丽,等.南京紫金山森林群落分层结构特征的小波分析[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2008,32(02):017.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2008.02.004]
 CHEN Fen-fei,LIU Mao-song *,REN Rui-li,et al.wavelet analysis of the structural features of layers in a forest community in Purple Mountain , Nanjing[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2008,32(03):017.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2008.02.004]
[2]任斌斌,李树华*,朱春阳,等.常熟虞山森林植被群落的数量分类与排序[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2010,34(03):045.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2010.03.010]
 REN Bin bin,LI Shu hua*,ZHU Chun yang,et al.Numerical classification and ordination of forest vegetation communities in Yushan mountain, Changshu[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2010,34(03):045.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2010.03.010]
[3]刘昉勋,黄致远.关于森林分类问题的探讨[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),1985,9(01):089.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.1985.01.011]
 Lui Fangxun and Huang Zhiyuan.A DISCUSSION ON THE CLASSIFICATION OF FORESTS[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),1985,9(03):089.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.1985.01.011]
[4]骆林川,熊文愈.琅琊山森林群落演替预测[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),1989,13(01):001.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.1989.01.001]
 Lo Lingchuan Xiong Wenyu (Hsiung Wenyu).A SUCCESSIONAL FORECAST OF THE FOREST COMMUNITY IN LANGYA MOUNTAIN, ANHUI[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),1989,13(03):001.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.1989.01.001]
[5]王浩,赵岩.在城市中创建森林生态型景观路[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2000,24(05):089.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2000.05.024]
 WANG Hao,ZHAO Yan.A Study on Building the Ecological Forest Parkway in the City[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2000,24(03):089.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2000.05.024]

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2012-10-29 修回日期:2013-03-13
基金项目:“十二五”国家科技支撑计划(2011BAC02B02)。
第一作者:吴华,硕士生。*通信作者:喻理飞,教授。E-mail: lfyu@gzu.edu.cn。
引文格式:吴华,张建利,范怡雯,等. 草海流域植物群落结构数量分类与排序[J]. 南京林业大学学报:自然科学版,2013,37(3):47-52.
更新日期/Last Update: 2013-05-31