[1]王言鑫,张增信*,杨艳蓉,等.南京市77种常见木本植物花期特征分析[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2014,38(05):118-122.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.2014.05.023]
 WANG Yanxin,ZHANG Zengxin*,YANG Yanrong,et al.Analysis of florescence of 77 common ligneous plants in Nanjing[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2014,38(05):118-122.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.2014.05.023]
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南京市77种常见木本植物花期特征分析
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《南京林业大学学报(自然科学版)》[ISSN:1000-2006/CN:32-1161/S]

卷:
38
期数:
2014年05期
页码:
118-122
栏目:
研究论文
出版日期:
2014-09-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
Analysis of florescence of 77 common ligneous plants in Nanjing
文章编号:
1000-2006(2014)05-0118-05
作者:
王言鑫1张增信1*杨艳蓉1叶镜中1郝雨杉1费明哲2周 洋1姜爱国1
1.南京林业大学生物与环境学院,江苏省林业生态工程重点实验室,江苏 南京 210037;
2.南京邮电大学地理与生物信息学院,江苏 南京 210003
Author(s):
WANG Yanxin1 ZHANG Zengxin1* YANG Yanrong1 YE Jingzhong1 HAO Yushan FEI Mingzhe2 ZHOU Yang1 JIANG Aiguo1
1. College of Biologica and Environment, Nanjing Forestry University, Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Forestry Ecological Engineering, Nanjing 210037, China;
2. College of Geography &
Biological Information, Nanjing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Nanjing 210003, China
关键词:
木本植物 花期特征 南京
Keywords:
ligneous plant florescence Nanjing
分类号:
S718.45
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.2014.05.023
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
利用1980—2012年南京市近80种常见木本植物花期物候资料,分析了南京市主要木本植物始花、盛花、末花及花期演变规律。结果发现:①对南京市常见植物花序进行分析,开花最早的植物有迎春、绿萼梅、杏梅等,多年平均开花日在3月1日,开花最晚的植物蜡梅平均开花日期为12月20日,而桂花和栾树分别在9月28日和8月27日左右始开花; 忍冬科接骨木、虎耳草科阴绣球、茜草科水杨梅等花期最长,达30 d以上; ② 近30年来南京市木本植物始花和末花发生时间总体上有提前的趋势,具体表现为花期大约每10 a提前5 d左右,而南京椴更是每10 a提前8 d,且近10年来花期提前趋势更为明显。
Abstract:
Based on the data of about 80 common ligneous plants in Nanjing, the florescence variation of plants was analyzed. The results showed that: ① The florescence of Winter jasmine,Flos mume and Japanese apricot appeared earlier which could be found on 1st March, while the blooming date of Chimonanthus praecox was the last which always occured on 20th December. Osmanthus fragrans and Koelreuteria paniculata were found blooming on 28th September and 27th August, respectively, Sambucus willamsii Hance, and Hydrangea macrophylla had the longest flowering phase which was more than 30 days; ② there was a forward tendency(-5 d/10 a)of the initial and late blossom time during last 30 years. Particularly, the blooming time of Tilia miqueliana Maxim was 8 d/10 a in advance, and the increasing trend had been more obvious since the year of 2 000. This study might make a contribution to study researching the evolution rule of ligneous plants in Nanjing, as well as to provide data for forecasting florescence when people are choosing tree species in urban landscaping.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2013-09-15 修回日期:2014-02-15
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(41171020); 江苏省普通高校研究生科研创新计划项目(CXLX13_511); 江苏省高等学校大学生创新创业训练计划(201310298062Y); 江苏高校优势学科建设工程资助项目(PAPD)
第一作者:王言鑫,硕士生。*通信作者:张增信,副教授。E-mail: nfuzhang@163.com。
引文格式:王言鑫,张增信,杨艳蓉,等. 南京市77种常见木本植物花期特征分析[J]. 南京林业大学学报:自然科学版,2014,38(5):118-122.
更新日期/Last Update: 2014-10-31