[1]常焕君,刘思辰,王小青*,等.木材表面纳米TiO2疏水薄膜的构建及抗光变色性能[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2015,39(04):116-120.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.2015.04.020]
 CHANG Huanjun,LIU Sichen,WANG Xiaoqing*,et al.Construction of hydrophobic nano-TiO2 on wood surface and analysis of its anti-photodiscoloration performance[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2015,39(04):116-120.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.2015.04.020]
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《南京林业大学学报(自然科学版)》[ISSN:1000-2006/CN:32-1161/S]

卷:
39
期数:
2015年04期
页码:
116-120
栏目:
研究论文
出版日期:
2015-07-20

文章信息/Info

Title:
Construction of hydrophobic nano-TiO2 on wood surface and analysis of its anti-photodiscoloration performance
文章编号:
1000-2006(2015)04-0116-05
作者:
常焕君12 刘思辰13 王小青12* 刘君良12
1. 中国林业科学研究院木材工业研究所,北京 100091;
2. 国家林业局木材科学与技术重点实验室,北京 100091;
3. 中南林业科技大学材料科学与工程学院,湖南 长沙 410004
Author(s):
CHANG Huanjun12 LIU Sichen13 WANG Xiaoqing12* LIU Junliang12
1. Research Institute of Wood Industry, Chinese Academy of Forestry, Beijing 100091, China;
2.Key Lab of Wood Science and Technology of State Forestry Administration, Beijing 100091, China;
3.College of Material Science and Engineering, Central South Forestry Science and Technology University, Changsha 410004, China
关键词:
木材表面 纳米TiO2 疏水性 接触角 抗光变色
Keywords:
wood surface nano-TiO2 hydrophobicity contact angle anit-photodiscoloration
分类号:
S781
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.2015.04.020
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
为了改善木材的耐候性,采用溶胶-凝胶法常温条件下在木材表面构筑纳米TiO2薄膜,并修饰低表面能物质硬脂酸,使木材表面由亲水性变为疏水性,同时利用TiO2对紫外线优良的散射能力,提高木材的耐光老化性能。利用场发射扫描电子显微镜(FE-SEM)、X射线能谱仪(EDX)以及傅里叶变换红外光谱仪(FTIR)对处理材进行形貌、结构及化学组成表征,并测试其疏水及抗光变色性能。结果表明:木材表面负载纳米TiO2颗粒,并将硬脂酸的疏水长链烷基引入木材表面,木材的表面水接触角可提高到130°左右,呈现强疏水性。纳米TiO2薄膜同时赋予木材良好的抗光变色性能,其中质量分数5% TiO2溶胶处理的木材在经过120 h加速光老化后,其总色差值(ΔE*)仅为对照试样的45%。
Abstract:
Wood surface was modified by nona-TiO2 coating via sol-gel process at room temperature, followed by low surface energy treatment with stearic acid in order to transform the wood surface from hydrophilic to hydrophobic. In the meanwhile, the photostability of wood was also improved due to excellent UV-shielding property of nano-TiO2. The surface morphology, structure and chemistry of the treated wood were studied by field emission scanning electron microscopy(FE-SEM), energy dispersive X-ray analysis(EDX), and fourier transform infrared spectroscopy(FTIR). The hydrophobicity and anti-photodiscoloration performance of treated wood were tested. The results showed that the TiO2 nanoparticles were successfully introduced onto the wood surface, and the long-chain alkyl groups of stearic acid were grafted to provide hydrophobicity. The water contact angles of the treated wood were improved remarkably to approximately 130° displaying high hydrophobicity. The nano-TiO2 films also improved the anti-photodiscoloration performance of wood remarkably. The overall color change(ΔE*)of the wood samples treated with 5% TiO2 sol, was only 45% of the corresponding value of the control samples after 120 h artificial accelerated weathering.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2014-10-26 修回日期:2015-01-13基金项目:中国林科院基本科研业务费专项资金项目(CAFINT2011C05) 第一作者:常焕君,硕士生。*通信作者:王小青,副研究员。E-mail: wangxqacaf.ac.cn。引文格式:常焕君, 刘思辰, 王小青,等. 木材表面纳米TiO2疏水薄膜的构建及抗光变色性能[J]. 南京林业大学学报:自然科学版,2015,39(4):116-120.
更新日期/Last Update: 2015-07-31