[1]刘延惠,丁访军*,舒德远,等.茂兰喀斯特原生林细叶青冈树干液流环境响应特征[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2017,41(03):077-85.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.2017.03.012]
 LIU Yanhui,DING Fangjun*,SHU Deyuan,et al.Characteristics of sap flow of Cyclobalanopsis gracilis in Maolan Karst original forests and its response to environmental factors[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2017,41(03):077-85.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.2017.03.012]
点击复制

茂兰喀斯特原生林细叶青冈树干液流环境响应特征/HTML
分享到:

《南京林业大学学报(自然科学版)》[ISSN:1000-2006/CN:32-1161/S]

卷:
41
期数:
2017年03期
页码:
077-85
栏目:
研究论文
出版日期:
2017-05-31

文章信息/Info

Title:
Characteristics of sap flow of Cyclobalanopsis gracilis in Maolan Karst original forests and its response to environmental factors
文章编号:
1000-2006(2017)03-0077-09
作者:
刘延惠丁访军*舒德远崔迎春侯贻菊赵文君
贵州省林业科学研究院,贵州 贵阳 550005
Author(s):
LIU Yanhui DING Fangjun* SHU Deyuan CUI Yingchun HOU Yiju ZHAO Wenjun
Guizhou Academy of Forestry, Guiyang 550005,China
关键词:
喀斯特森林 细叶青冈 液流速率 环境因子
Keywords:
Karst forest Cyclobalanopsis gracilis sap flow velocity environmental factors
分类号:
S715.4; S718.55+43
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.2017.03.012
摘要:
【目的】研究喀斯特森林细叶青冈树干流特征及其与环境因子的关系。【方法】基于热扩散技术的液流探针和Campbell自动气象站,测定了贵州茂兰地区2012年3月至2014年2月喀斯特原生细叶青冈林(Cyclobalanopsis gracilis)的树干液流和气温、降水等环境因子。分析液流速率在不同天气(晴天、阴天和雨天)、不同季节条件下的变化过程及特征,及其对环境因子的响应。【结果】整个观测期内,青冈日平均液流速率(5.78±0.19)g/(m2·s),不同天气日平均液流速率(g/(m2·s))依次为:晴天(10.35)>阴天(3.28)>雨天(3.16)。青冈日平均液流通量(3.37±0.11)kg/d,阴天和雨天日液流通量分别仅为晴天(6.03 kg/d)的31.7%和30.6%。各季节的日平均液流速率(g/(m2·s))表现为:夏季(8.28±0.38)>秋季(6.75±0.38)>春季(6.11±0.34)>冬季(1.91±0.15)。空气相对湿度(RH)与液流速率呈负相关,光照、饱和水汽压差(VPD)、气温(Ta)、土壤含水量等与液流速率呈正相关。【结论】在不同天气条件或季节,各环境因子对液流速率的影响程度不同。光照、VPD、RH、Ta是影响细叶青冈液流速率最主要的因子,土壤轻度干旱对细叶青冈液流速率没有影响。
Abstract:
【Objective】This research was conducted to probe the stem sap flow characteristics of Cyclobalanopsis gracilis and the relationship between sap flow velocity and environmental factors in a Karst forest.【Methods】 The Thermal Dissipation Probe method and a Campbell Automatic Weather Station were used to conduct long-term continuous observations on the sap flow velocity of C. gracilis along with synchronized environmental factors such as air temperature and rainfall in the Maolan Karst original forest from March 2012 to February 2014. The changing characteristics of sap flow in different weather conditions(sunny days, cloudy days, and rainy days)and on different time scales(dates, months, and seasons), and its response to environmental factors were studied. 【Results】The findings revealed that in the whole observation period, the average daily sap flow velocity of C. gracilis was(5.78 ± 0.19)g/(m2·s), and the average daily sap flow velocity in relation to the different weather conditions was, in descending order, sunny days(10.35 g/(m2·s)), cloudy days(3.28 g/(m2·s)), and rainy days(3.16 g/(m2·s)). The average daily sap flow flux of the C. gracilis sample trees was(3.37±0.11)kg/d, with those on cloudy days and rainy days amounting to only 31.7% and 30.6%, respectively, of that on sunny days, which was 6.03 kg/d. The average daily sap flow velocity in relation to the different seasons was, in descending order,(8.28±0.38)g/(m2·s)in summer,(6.75±0.38)g/(m2·s)in autumn,(6.11±0.34)g/(m2·s)in spring, and(1.91±0.15)g/(m2·s)in winter. The air relative humidity(RH)was negatively correlated with the sap flow velocity. Solar radiation, air vapor pressure deficit(VPD), air temperature(Ta), and soil water content(SWC)were all positively correlated with the sap flow velocity.【Conclusion】The main environmental factors affecting the sap flow velocity were solar radiation, VPD, RH, and Ta. Mild SWC deficiency had no impact on the sap flow velocity. Each environmental factor’s impact on the sap flow velocity varied under different weather conditions and seasons.

参考文献/References:

[1] CATOVSKY S, HOLBROOK N M, BAZZAZ F A. Coupling whole-tree transpiration and canopy photosynthesis in coniferous and broad-leaved tree species[J]. Canadian Journal of Forest Research,2002, 32(2):295-309. DOI: 10.1139/X01-199.
[2] WULLSCHLEGER S D, HANSON P J, TSCHAPLINSKI T J. Whole-plant water flux in understory red maple exposed to altered precipitation regimes[J]. Tree Physiology,1998, 18(2):71-79. DOI: 10.1093/treephys/18.2.71.
[3] GRANIER A. Evaluation of transpiration in a Douglas-fir stand by means of sap flow measurements[J]. Tree Physiology, 1987, 3(4):309-320. DOI: 10.1093/treephys/3.4.309.
[4] CIENCIALA E, KUCˇERA J, MALMER A. Tree sap flow and stand transpiration of two Acacia mangium plantations in Sabah, Borneo[J]. Journal of Hydrology, 2000, 236(1-2):109-120. DOI: 10.1016/s0022-1694(00)00291-2.
[5] IIDA S, TAKEUCHI S. Establishment of risk indicator of transplanting trees by sap flow measurements: an interdisciplinary research of hydrology and horticulture[J]. Journal of Japanese Association of Hydrological Sciences, 2015, 45(3):89-94. DOI: 10.4145/jahs.45.89.
[6] CHU C R, HSIEH C I, WU S Y, et al. Transient response of sap flow to wind speed[J]. Journal of Experimental Botany, 2009, 60(1):249-255. DOI: 10.1093/jxb/ern282.
[7] SATO T, TANAKA N, TANAKA K, et al. Applicability of the thermal dissipation method(TDM)for sap flow measurement in teak trees[R]. Tokyo: Bulletin of the Tokyo University Forests, 2015, 133: 1-18.
[8] 丁访军, 王兵, 赵广东,等. 毛竹树干液流变化及其与气象因子的关系[J]. 林业科学, 2011, 47(7):73-81. DING F J,WANG B, ZHAO G D, et al. Sap flow changes of Phyllostachys edulis and their relationships with meteorological factors[J]. Scientia Silvae Sinicae, 2011, 47(7): 73-81.
[9] MARTíNEZ-VILALTA J, MANGIRóN M, OGAYA R, et al. Sap flow of three co-occurring Mediterranean woody species under varying atmospheric and soil water conditions[J]. Tree Physiology, 2003, 23(11):747-758. DOI: 10.1093/treephys/23.11.747.
[10] 杨瑞, 喻理飞, 戴全厚. 喀斯特区云南鼠刺树干液流及土壤水分动态[J]. 水土保持通报, 2015, 35(2):89-93. DOI:10.13961/j.cnki.stbctb.2015.02.017. YANG R, YU L F, DAI Q H, Dynamics of soil moisture and sap flow of Itea yunnanensis in Karst region[J]. Bulletin of Soil and Water Conservation, 2015, 35(2): 89-93.
[11] 黄玉清, 张中峰, 何成新,等. 岩溶区青冈栎整树蒸腾的季节变化[J]. 应用生态学报, 2009, 20(2):256-264. HUANG Y Q, ZHANG Z F, HE C X, et al. Seasonal variation of Cylclobalanopsis glauca whole-tree transpiration in Karst region[J]. Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology, 2009, 20(2):256-264.
[12] GRANIER A. A new method of sap flow measurement in tree stems[J]. Annales Des Sciences Forestieres, 1985, 42(2):193-200.
[13] CAMPBELL G S, NORMAN J M. An introduction to environmental biophysics[J]. An Introduction to Environmental Biophysics, 1998, 21(2):104.
[14] MA L, LU P, ZHAO P, et al. Diurnal, daily, seasonal and annual patterns of sap-flux-scaled transpiration from an Acacia mangium plantation in South China[J]. Annals of Forest Science, 2008, 65(4): 402. DOI:10.1051/fores:2008013.
[15] MACINNIS-NG C, WYSE S, VEALE A, et al. Sap flow of the southern conifer, Agathis australis, during wet and dry summers[J]. Trees, 2016, 30(1):19-33. DOI:10.1007/s00468-015-1164-9.
[16] 王文杰, 孙伟, 邱岭,等. 不同时间尺度下兴安落叶松树干液流密度与环境因子的关系[J]. 林业科学, 2012, 48(1):77-85. DOI: 10.11707/j.1001-7488.20120113. WANG W J, SUN W, QIU L, et al. Relations between stem sap flow density of Larix gmelinii and environmental factors under different temporal scale[J]. Scientia Silvae Sinicae, 2012, 48(1):77-85.
[17] 桑玉强, 张劲松. 华北山区核桃液流变化特征及对不同时间尺度参考作物蒸敬量的响应[J]. 生态学报, 2011,34(23):6828-6836. DOI:10.5846/stxb201302280324. SANG Y Q, ZHANG J S. Characteristics of Juglans regia L. sap flow and its response to reference evapotranspiration on different time scales in the rocky mountain of North China[J]. Acta Ecologica Sinica,2011, 34(23):6828-6836.
[18] 涂洁, 刘琪璟, 王辉民, 等. 亚热带红壤区青冈栎液流特征及其与气象因子的相关性[J]. 东北林业大学学报, 2013, 41(9): 38-41,49. DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1000-5382.2013.09.010. TU J, LIU Q J, WANG H M, et al. Sap flow characteristics of cyclobalanopsis glauca and its correlationw ith metoe rologicla factors in substropical red soil area[J]. Journal of Northeast Forestry University, 2013,41(9):38-41,49. DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1000-5382.2013.09.010.
[19] 凡超,邱燕萍,李志强,等, 荔枝树干液流速率与气象因子的关系[J]. 生态学报, 2014, 34(9): 2401-2410. DOI: 10.5846/stxb201307041839. FAN C, QIU Y P, LI Z Q, et al, Relationships between stem sap flow rate of litchi trees and meteorological parameters[J].Acta Ecologica Sinica,2014,34(9):2401-2410.
[20] 梅婷婷, 王传宽, 赵平,等. 木荷树干液流的密度特征[J]. 林业科学, 2010, 46(1):40-47.DOI: 10.11707/j.1001-7488.20100107. MEI T T, WANG C K, ZHAO P, et al. Dynamics of trunk sap flux density of Schima superba[J]. Scientia Silvae Sinicae, 2010, 46(1): 40-47.
[21] 程静, 欧阳旭, 黄德卫,等. 鼎湖山针阔叶混交林4种优势树种树干液流特征[J]. 生态学报, 2015, 35(12):4097-4104. DOI:10.5846/stxb201310202533. CHENG J, OUYANG X, HUANG D W, et al. Sap flow characteristics of four dominant tree species in a mixed conifer broadleaf forest in Dinghushan[J].Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2015, 35(12): 4097-4104.
[22] 倪广艳, 赵平, 朱丽薇,等. 荷木整树蒸腾对干湿季土壤水分的水力响应[J]. 生态学报, 2015, 35(3):652-662. DOI:10.5846/stxb201305070962 NI G Y, ZHAO P, ZHU L W, et al. Hydraulic responses of whole tree transpiration of Schima superba to soil moisture in dry and wet seasons[J].Acta Ecologica Sinica,2015,35(3):652-662.
[23] 吴芳, 陈云明, 于占辉. 黄土高原半干旱区刺槐生长盛期树干液流动态[J]. 植物生态学报, 2010, 34(4):469-476. DOI:10.3773/j.issn.1005-264x.2010.04.013 WU F, CHEN Y M, YU Z H. Growing season sap-flow dynamics of Robinia pseudoacacia plantation in the semi-arid region of Loess Plateau, China[J]. Chinese Journal of Plant Ecology, 2010, 34(4):469-476.
[24] 马建新, 陈亚宁, 李卫红,等. 荒漠防护林典型树种液流特征及其对环境因子的响应[J]. 生态学报, 2010, 30(3):579-586. MA J X, CHEN Y N, LI W H, et al. Characteristics of sap flow of 4 typical shelter-belt tree species and it’s relationships with environmental factors in the desert region of northwest China[J]. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2010, 30(3): 579-586.
[25] BOVARD B D, CURTIS P S, VOGEL C S, et al. Environmental controls on sap flow in a northern hardwood forest[J]. Tree Physiology, 2005, 25(1):31-38. DOI:10.1093/treephys/25.1.31.
[26] LAIJU N, OTIENO D, JUNG E Y, et al. Environmental controls on growing-season sap flow density of Quercus serrata Thunb in a temperate deciduous forest of Korea[J]. Journal of Ecology & Field Biology, 2012, 35(3):213-225. DOI: 10.5141/JEFB.2012.026.
[27] MARTINEZ-VILALTA J, MANGIRóN M, OGAYA R, et al. Sap flow of three co-occurring Mediterranean woody species under varying atmospheric and soil water conditions[J]. Tree Physiology, 2003, 23(11):747-758. DOI: 10.1093/treephys/23.11.747.
[28] KUME T, TAKIZAWA H, YOSHIFUJI N, et al. Impact of soil drought on sap flow and water status of evergreen trees in a tropical monsoon forest in northern Thailand[J]. Forest Ecology & Management, 2007, 238(1-3):220-230. DOI: 10.1016/j.foreco.2006.10.019.

相似文献/References:

[1]龙翠玲.茂兰喀斯特森林林隙大小对树种更新的影响[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2008,32(02):034.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2008.02.007]
 LONG Cui-ling.Effects of gap size on regeneration of Karst forest in 岛1aolan Natural Reserve of Guizhou province[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2008,32(03):034.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2008.02.007]
[2]杨瑞,喻理飞*,罗云,等.喀斯特森林林分环境对光皮桦幼树生物量的影响[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2009,33(01):143.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2009.01.031]
 YANG Rui,YU Li fei*,LUO Yun,et al.Effects of different environment of Karst forest on the biomass of Betula luminifera saplings[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2009,33(03):143.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2009.01.031]
[3]魏鲁明,余登利,陈正仁.茂兰喀斯特森林凋落物量的动态研究[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2009,33(03):031.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2009.03.008]
 WEI Lu ming,YU Deng li,CHEN Zheng ren.Study on the dynamic variation of litter falls in Maolan Karst forest[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2009,33(03):031.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2009.03.008]
[4]喻理飞,朱守谦,叶镜中.喀斯特森林不同种组的耐旱适应性[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2002,26(01):019.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2002.01.005]
 YU Li fei,ZHU Shou qian,YE Jing zhong.Preliminary Study on the Adaptability of Tolerate-Drought for Different Species Group in Karst Forest[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2002,26(03):019.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2002.01.005]
[5]赵文君,崔迎春,吴鹏,等.喀斯特原生乔木林和次生林土壤氮矿化特征[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2017,41(05):013.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.201612014]
 ZHAO Wenjun,CUI Yingchun,WU Peng,et al.Characteristics of soil nitrogen mineralization in a Karst primary forest and a secondary forest[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2017,41(03):013.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.201612014]

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2016-09-23 修回日期:2017-01-16
基金项目:贵州省人才基金项目(黔科合人字(2011)12号); 贵州省重大基础研究项目(黔科合JZ字[2014]200212); 贵州省人才创新团队项目(黔科合人才团队[2014]4004号)
第一作者:刘延惠(liuyhgz@163.com),副研究员。*通信作者:丁访军(ding3920034@163.com),研究员。
引文格式:刘延惠,丁访军,舒德远,等. 茂兰喀斯特原生林细叶青冈树干液流环境响应特征[J]. 南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2017,41(3):77-85.
更新日期/Last Update: 2017-05-20