[1]辛建攀,田如男*.南京宁镇山脉南支蕨类植物区系及园林应用[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2017,41(03):182-188.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.2017.03.028]
 XIN Jianpan,TIAN Runan*.Fern flora on the southern branch of Ningzhen Mountains in Nanjing and its garden application[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2017,41(03):182-188.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.2017.03.028]
点击复制

南京宁镇山脉南支蕨类植物区系及园林应用/HTML
分享到:

《南京林业大学学报(自然科学版)》[ISSN:1000-2006/CN:32-1161/S]

卷:
41
期数:
2017年03期
页码:
182-188
栏目:
研究简报
出版日期:
2017-05-31

文章信息/Info

Title:
Fern flora on the southern branch of Ningzhen Mountains in Nanjing and its garden application
文章编号:
1000-2006(2017)03-0182-07
作者:
辛建攀田如男*
南京林业大学风景园林学院,江苏 南京 210037
Author(s):
XIN JianpanTIAN Runan*
College of Landscape Architecture, Nanjing Forestry University,Nanjing 210037, China
关键词:
蕨类植物区系 生态类型 园林应用 宁镇山脉南支 将军山
Keywords:
fern flora ecological types garden application southern branch of Ningzhen Mountains Jiangjun Mountain
分类号:
Q948.2; S688
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.2017.03.028
摘要:
【目的】了解南京宁镇山脉南支蕨类植物区系及生态类型,分析蕨类植物在园林景观配置中的应用型。【方法】以南京将军山为对象,通过野外调查和室内标本鉴定等方法统计出该区蕨类植物种类,分析了该地蕨类植物区系的组成和分布区类型,并将该区系与其他蕨类植物区系的相似性系数、综合系数及物种丰富度进行了比较,最后总结了将军山蕨类植物的生态类型及其园林应用。【结果】南京将军山地区共计有蕨类植物19科24属33种; 区系综合系数为0.442,物种丰富度指数最高,为25.54。该区蕨类植物优势科为金星蕨科,没有明显的优势属,具有古老性和残遗性的特征。将军山蕨类植物区系与浙江龙王山、江苏云台山蕨类植物区系关系近,与安徽黄山、河南高乐山蕨类植物区系关系比较近,与江西庐山蕨类植物区系关系比较疏远。根据蕨类植物的生境和分布,将军山蕨类植物可分为浮水、石生及土生共3种生态类型。【结论】南京将军山蕨类植物区系组成比较丰富,具有热带向温带过渡的特征,东亚分布物种在该区系占有主要优势。该区观赏蕨类植物资源较为丰富,但是许多观赏价值较高并有应用前景的蕨类植物还未被认知和开发利用。
Abstract:
【Objective】An investigation was carried out for a better knowledge to fern flora on the southern branch of Ningzhen Mountains in Nanjing and analysis of ferns in garden application.【Method】We counted fern species on the southern branch of Ningzhen Mountains with a case of Jiangjun Mountain by the methods of wild investigation, specimen collection and indentification, meanwhile we analyzed fern flora composition, areal-types and compared integrative coefficient, similarity coeffiecient and species richness of the flora and other floras,and finally we analyzed ferns ecological types in the flora as well as their application in garden.【Result】There were a total of 33 fern species belonging to 24 genera and 19 families in the flora, whose integrative coefficient was 0.442, and species richness index was 25.54,which was the maximum. The dominant family consisted of Thelypteridaceae, while there was no dominant genera in this flora, which was ancient and relic. The flora was closely related with Longwang Mountain in Zhejiang and Yuntai Mountain in Jiangsu, and less closely related with Huangshan Mountain in Anhui and Gaoleshan Mountain in Zhejiang and distant with Lushan Mountain in Jiangxi. According to the habitat and distribution of ferns in the flora, they can be divided into hydrophytes, lithophytes and terrestrial.【Conclusion】The fern resourecs in Jiangjun Mountain was relatively abundant, and the flora occupied an characteristic of transition from subtropical to temperate zone, and the areal-type of East Asia possessed a main advantage in the flora. Additionally, ornamental ferns were relatively abundant in the flora, but many of species with high ornamental value and application prospects still have not been recognized and exploited.

参考文献/References:

[1] 陆树刚.蕨类植物学[M].北京:高等教育出版社,2007:4-5.
[2] 江苏植物研究所.江苏植物志[M].南京:江苏人民出版社,1997:7.
[3] 余莉,董丽,任爽英.北京地区蕨类植物资源及园林应用评价[J].中国园林,2005(6):69-71. YU L,DONG L,REN S Y. The pteridophytes resources in Beijing area and evaluation of landscape application[J].Chinese Landscape Architecture,2005(6):69-71.
[4] 刘银连.南京[M].武汉:中国地质大学出版社,2011:3-5.
[5] 王子赟,许晓岗,汤庚国.南京栖霞山野生药用维管植物资源开发利用及保护策略[J].江苏林业科技,2011,38(1):26-29. WANG Z Y,XU X G,TANG G G.Strategies of application and conservation of wild medical plants resources in Qixia Mountain[J].Journal of Jiangsu Forestry Science & Technology,2011,38(1):26-29.
[6] 李林,汤庚国,许晓岗.南京幕府山植物区系研究[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2006,30(2):38-42.DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.2006.02.009. LI L,TANG G G,XU X G.Studies on flora of Mountain Mufu in Nanjing[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Sciences Edition),2006,30(2):38-42.
[7] 董丽娜,孙起梦,刘兴剑,等.南京紫金山国家森林公园蕨类植物资源调查及区系分析[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2010,34(3):107-112.:DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.2010.03.022. DONG L N,SUN Q M,LIU X J,et al.Investigation and florsitic analysis of pteridophytes in Zijin Mountain National Forest Park in Nanjing[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Sciences Edition),2010,34(3):107-112.
[8] 童丽丽,汤庚国,许晓岗.南京牛首山地区植物区系的特点及与邻近植物区系的关系[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2005,29(4):78-82.DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.2005.04.019. TONG L L,TANG G G,XU X G.Floristic characteristics of Mt.Niushou,Nanjing and relationship with its circumferential floras[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Sciences Edition), 2005, 29(4):78-82.
[9] 吴兆洪,秦仁昌.中国蕨类植物科属志[M].北京:科学出版社,1991:80-565.
[10] 张镱锂.植物区系地理研究中的重要参数——相似性系数[J].地理研究,1998,17(4):429-434. ZHANG Y L. Coefficient of similarity:an important parameter in floristic geography[J].Geography Research, 1998, 17(4):429-434.
[11] 王荷生.中国种子植物特有属的数量分析[J].植物分类学报,1985,23(4):241-258. WANG H S.Quantitative analysis of genera endemic to China[J].Acta Phytotaxonomica Sinica,1985, 23(4):241-258.
[12] 左家哺.植物区系的数值分析[J].云南植物研究,1990,12(2):179-185. ZUO J B.A numerical analysis of flora[J].Acta Botanica Yunnanica,1990,12(2):179-185.
[13] 李振基,林鹏,叶文,等.武夷山脉南北维管束植物生物多样性流[J].自然科学进展,2006,16(8):959-964. LI Z J,LIN P,YE W,et al.Biodiversity of vascular plants from southern to northern Wuyi Mountains[J].Progress in Natural Science,2006,16(8):959-964.
[14] 黄健.南京老山地区植物区系与植物资源研究[D]. 南京:南京林业大学,2013. HAUNG J.Studies of flora and plant resources of Laoshan, Nanjing[D]. Nanjing:Nanjing Forestry University,2013.
[15] 张佳平,丁彦芬.连云港云台山野生草本植物资源调查、应用及保护研究[J].草业学报,2012,21(4):215-233. ZHANG J P,DING Y F.A study on resource investigation,application and protection of wild herbaceous plants of the Yuntaishan Mountain in Lianyungang[J].Acta Prataculturae Snica,2012,21(4):215-233.
[16] 刘信中,王琅.江西省庐山自然保护区生物多样性考察与研究[M].北京:科学出版社,2010:533-568.
[17] 胡高鹏,季梦成.龙王山自然保护区观赏蕨类植物资源研究[J].江西农业大学学报,2007,29(6):993-1000. DOI:10.13836/j.jjau.2007205. HU G P, JI M C.Resources of ornamental pteridophytes in Longwangshan Nature Reserve,Zhejiang Province[J].Acta Agriculturae Universitatis Jiangxiensis,2007,29(6):993-1000.
[18] 程周旺,张慧冲.黄山药用蕨类植物资源及开发利用[J].中国农学通报,2006,22(2):351-356. CHENG Z W,ZHANG H C.Medicinal pteridophytes resources and evaluation in Huanshan of Anhui Province[J].Chinese Agricultural Science Bulletin,2006,22(2):351-356.
[19] 韩涛,郑国辉.河南省桐柏高乐山自然保护区科学考察报告[M].郑州:黄河水利出版社,2012:20-24.
[20] 曾汉元.我国的观赏蕨类资源及其开发利用[J].生物学通报,2008,43(5):9-11. ZENG H Y.Ornamental fern resources in China and their exploitation[J].Bulletin of Biology,2008,43(5):9-11.
[21] SINGH M P, SINGH T N.Pteridophyte flora of Varanasi division[J]. India Journal of Science Research,2011,2(4):131-132.
[22] 秦仁昌.中国蕨类植物科属的系统排列和历史来源[J].植物分类学报,1978,16(3):1-19. QIN R C.Fern families and genera in China:their system of arrangement and historical origin[J].Acta Phytotaxonomica Sinica,1978,16(3):1-19.
[23] 吴正强,赵小文.初论中草药异地引种与野生驯化[J].中国农业科技导报,2003,5(3):57-59. WU Z Q,ZHAO X W.A preliminary discussion about introduction of new varieties of Chinese herbal medicines from separate regions and their domestication from wildness[J].Review of China Agricutural Science and Technology,2003,5(3):57-59.
[24] 夏万由.贵州观赏蕨类植物及其引种驯化初报[J].贵州林业科技,2002,30(4):20-23. XIA W Y.Preliminary report on ornamental ferns and their introduction and acclimation in Guizhou[J].Guizhou Forestry and Technology,2002,30(4):20-23.
[25] 李和平,刘兴剑,陈艳,等.土生蕨类植物引种栽培技术[J].江苏农业科学,2014,42(11):213-214.DOI:10.15889/j.issn.1002-1032.2014.11.075. LI H P,LIU X J,CHEN Y,et al.Cultural practices of ferns growing in the soil[J]. Journal of Jiangsu Agricultural Science,2014,42(11):213-214.
[26] 陆树刚,陈风.论蕨类植物生态类型的划分问题[J].云南大学学报(自然科学版)2013,35(3):407-415.DOI:10.7540/j.ynu.20130185. LU S G,CHEN F.On the pteridophyte ecological types[J].Journal of Yunnan University,2013,35(3):407-415.
[27] 陽含熙.植物与林地植物的指示意义[J].植物生态学与地植物学丛刊,1963,1(1-2):24-30. YANG H X.Implications of plants and woodland plants[J].Acta Phytoecologia et Geobotanica Sinica,1963,1(1-2):24-30.
[28] 黄华艳.我国野生植物保护的现状和前景[J].广西林业科学,2003,32(2):107-110. HUANG H Y.Situations ans prospects of wild plant protection in China[J].Guangxi Forestry Science,2003,23(2):107-110.
[29] 黎磊,陈家宽.气候变化对野生植物的影响及保护对策[J].生物多样性,2014,22(5):549-563.DOI:10.3724/SP.J.1003.2014.14124. LI L,CHEN J K.Influence of climate change on wild plants and the conservation strategies[J].Biodiversity Science,2014,22(5):549-563.
[30] 杨庆文,张万霞,贺丹霞,等.中国野生稻原生境保护方法研究[J].植物遗传资源学报,2003,4(1):63-67.DOI:10.13430./j.cnki.jpgr.2003.01.013. YANG Q W,ZHANG W X,HE D X,et al.Studie on in-situ conservation methods of wild rice in China[J].Journal of Plant Genetic Resources,2003,4(1):63-67.
[31] 类延宝,肖海峰,冯玉龙.外来植物入侵对生物多样性的影响及本地生物进化的响应[J].生物多样性,2010,18(6):622-630. LEI Y B,XIAO H F,FENG Y L.Impacts of alien plant invasions on biodiversity and evolutionary responses of native species[J].Biodiversity Science,2010,18(6):622-630.
[32] 曹飞,宋小玲,何云核,等.惠州红树林自然保护区外来入侵植物调查[J].植物资源与环境学报,2007,16(4):61-66. CAO F,SONG X L,HE Y H,et al.Investigation of alien invasive plants in Huizhou Mangrove Natural Reserve[J].Journal of Plant Resources and Environment,2007,16(4):61-66.
[33] 李相兴.入侵植物紫荆泽兰对西南山地民族生态的危害调查研究[J].生态科学,2015,34(2):161-167. LI X X.Researches on the damage of invasive plant,Eupatorium adenophorum to national traditional agricultural culture ecology in the mountainous areas of southwest China[J].Ecological Science,2015,34(2):161-167.
[34] 李树华.建造以乡土植物为主体的园林绿地[J].中国园林,2005(1):47-50. LI S H.Constructing landscape greenery space using native plants[J].Chinese Landscape Architecture,2005(1):47-50.
[35] 吴宪亮,梁雪,杨帆.乡土植物在沈阳地区园林绿化中的应用[J].沈阳农业大学学报(社会科学版),2009,11(6):734-737. WU X L,LIANG X,YANG F.On application of indigenous trees to landscaping in Shenyang area[J].Journal of Shenyang Agricultural University(Social Sciences Edition),2009,11(6):734-737.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2016-02-11 修回日期:2016-09-07
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(31670698); 江苏省“六大人才高峰”项目(2014-NY-014); 江苏高校品牌专业建设工程项目(PPZY2015A063)
第一作者:辛建攀(jianpanxin@yeah.net)。*通信作者:田如男(beike0607@aliyun.com),教授。
引文格式:辛建攀,田如男. 南京宁镇山脉南支蕨类植物区系及园林应用[J]. 南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2017,41(3):182-188.
更新日期/Last Update: 2017-05-20